Haakon Magnus
Crown Prince of Norway
Eesti suursaadik Norras andis üle volikirja 01 (cropped).jpg
Crown Prince Haakon in 2020. He is pictured wearing the formal ceremonial dress uniform of a full-ranking general in the Norwegian Army.
BornHaakon Magnus of Norway
(1973-07-20) 20 July 1973 (age 49)
The National Hospital, Oslo, Norway
Spouse
(m. 2001)
Issue
Names
Haakon Magnus
HouseGlücksburg[1]
FatherHarald V of Norway
MotherSonja Haraldsen

Haakon, Crown Prince of Norway (Norwegian pronunciation: [ˈhôːkʊn]; Haakon Magnus; born 20 July 1973) is the only male child of King Harald V and Queen Sonja and could be the last heir in the country's patrilineal system. He has an older sister, Princess Märtha Louise. But for royals born between 1971 and 1990, the order of succession is by male primogeniture. Accordingly, the prince became next in line for the throne when his father was crowned in 1991.[2][3]

Haakon represents the fourth generation of the sitting Norwegian royal family of the House of Glücksburg. He married a controversial regular citizen, Mette-Marit Tjessem Høiby, with whom he has two children; Princess Ingrid Alexandra, and Prince Sverre Magnus,[4] the next generation.

Haakon has been a member of the Young Global Leaders network, its Foundation, a Goodwill Ambassador for the United Nations, and a philanthropist. He is a trained naval officer and, as Crown Prince, a top military official in the Norwegian Armed Forces. He holds a BA in Political Science from the University of California, Berkeley, and an MSc in Development Studies from the London School of Economics. [5][3][6]

Family and early life

Haakon was born on 20 July 1973 at The National Hospital in St Hanshaugen, Oslo, the only son and younger child of Crown Prince Harald and Crown Princess Sonja. His father was the son of the reigning Norwegian monarch, King Olav V. At birth he was named Haakon Magnus, and it was stressed in the announcement that he would go by the name Haakon. He was christened in the Church of Norway on 20 September 1973 in the chapel of the Royal Palace.[8] He was named in honour of his paternal great-grandfather, King Haakon VII, and his maternal uncle Haakon Haraldsen. When Haakon was only 17, his grandfather Olav died on 17 January 1991, leading to the ascension of his father as King Harald V and himself as crown prince.[citation needed]

Haakon has one sibling, Princess Märtha Louise of Norway (born 1971). In 1990, the Norwegian constitution was altered, granting absolute primogeniture to the Norwegian throne, meaning that the eldest child, regardless of gender, takes precedence in the line of succession.[9] This was not, however, done retroactively (as, for example, Sweden had done in 1980), meaning that Haakon continues to take precedence over his older sister.[10]

Education and military

Haakon served in the Royal Norwegian Navy. He graduated from the Norwegian Naval Academy in 1995,[11] followed with a year aboard missile torpedo boats and navy vessels.[6]

He attended and received a Bachelor of Arts degree in political science from the University of California, Berkeley in 1999.[12] Haakon later attended lectures at the University of Oslo and took the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs' civil servant introductory course in 2001. He completed his education in 2003 at the London School of Economics, where he was awarded an MSc in development studies, specializing in international trade and Africa.[6]

As of 15 November 2013, in the Royal Norwegian Navy his officer rank is Admiral, and in the Norwegian Army and the Royal Norwegian Air Force his rank is General.[13]

In 2016 he completed the Norwegian Army's paratrooper course and was certified as a military paratrooper. The course attended was administered by the Special Operations Commando.[14]

Marriage and children

See also: Wedding of Haakon, Crown Prince of Norway, and Mette-Marit Tjessem Høiby

Haakon married a commoner and single mother Mette-Marit Tjessem Høiby on 25 August 2001, at Oslo Cathedral.[15] Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark was the best man.[15] When the engagement between Crown Prince Haakon and Høiby was announced, many Norwegians felt that his choice of wife was inappropriate.[16] This was primarily about her being a single mother, but information concerning her involvement in the rave scene in Oslo, which included a significant drug-subculture, also added to the controversy.[17] In addition, the father of her child was convicted of drug-related offences.[16] In a heartfelt press conference before the wedding the bride explained her past, saying among other things that her youthful rebelliousness might have been stronger than most young people.[16] The issue of Mette-Marit's past was an ongoing discussion in Norwegian public discourse in the early years after their engagement and marriage[18]

The couple have two children together: Princess Ingrid Alexandra of Norway (born 21 January 2004 at Oslo University National Hospital in Oslo) and Prince Sverre Magnus (born 3 December 2005 in Oslo University National Hospital in Oslo).[19] Haakon is also the stepfather to Mette-Marit's son, Marius Borg Høiby.[19] The Skaugum Estate, situated in the area of Semsvannet, is their official residence.[20]

Activities

Haakon with then-Brazilian Vice President Michel Temer at the Itamaraty Palace in Brasília, Brazil, 16 November 2015.
Haakon with then-Brazilian Vice President Michel Temer at the Itamaraty Palace in Brasília, Brazil, 16 November 2015.

From 25 November 2003 to 12 April 2004, Haakon was regent during the King's treatment for cancer and the subsequent convalescence period. Likewise, Haakon was regent from 29 March 2005 until the King had fully recovered from the heart surgery he underwent on 1 April. This period ended on 7 June.

In addition to his official duties, Haakon has a strong interest in cultural matters. He also has given patronage to a number of organisations. In 2006, Haakon was one of three founders of Global Dignity, alongside Pekka Himanen and John Hope Bryant.[21] Global Dignity is an independent, non-political organization that, according to their guiding principles, seeks to help people "fill their dreams and potential in life" and promotes "the belief that everyone deserves to live a life of dignity." Members of the organization include entrepreneurs Sir Richard Branson and Sandro Salsano.[22]

In 2003, the Crown Prince was appointed as Goodwill Ambassador for the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).[21] In 2013, Crown Prince Haakon established the SIKT conference.[21] The Crown Prince attends the annual conference of the Confederation of Norwegian Enterprise (NHO), and met the Norwegian Confederation of Trade Unions (LO) for an introduction in the Tripartite cooperation in 2016.[23]

Crown Prince Haakon was a member of the Young Global Leaders network from 2005 until 2010. From 2010 until 2017, the Crown Prince served as a member of the Young Global Leaders Foundation Board.[21]

Crown Prince Haakon and Crown Princess Mette-Marit established The Crown Prince and Crown Princess's Foundation.[21] He is a patron of 4H Norge, ANSA, The Ibsen Stage Festival, Nordland Music Festival, and several other organizations.[24] In 2017, he became a patron of the Norwegian Refugee Council.[25]

In May 2022 Haakon joined an expedition from the University of Tromsø aimed at disseminating knowledge about polar history and the critical scientific research taking place in the Arctic for two weeks and crossed the Greenland ice sheet using a snowkite.[26][27]

In response to the 2022 Oslo shooting, Haakon told reporters, "We must protect the right in Norway to love whomever we want."[28]

Personal interests

Haakon was involved in several sports and seemed to take a particular liking to windsurfing and surfing, although he has not engaged in serious competitions. Haakon is known as a big music fan. When he was younger, he attended music festivals all over Europe, including the Roskilde Festival in Denmark and the Quart Festival in Kristiansand, Norway.

He has also been part of Olympics ceremonies. In 1994, the Crown Prince and his father played roles during the opening ceremony in Lillehammer: while the King declared the Games opened, the Crown Prince lit the cauldron, paying tribute to his father and grandfather having served as Olympians. In 2016, his daughter Princess Ingrid Alexandra did the same at the II Winter Youth Olympics, which was also held in Lillehammer. In 2010, Haakon attended the opening ceremony of the Winter Olympics in Vancouver.

He accompanied the band Katzenjammer in their recording of the song "Vi tenner våre lykter" (for the 2011 Christmas-themed album of the same name). Proceeds benefited "Their Royal Highnesses The Crown Prince and Crown Princess funds."[29]

Titles, styles, honours and awards

Titles

Arms

Honours and medals

See also: List of honours of the Norwegian Royal Family by country

National honours and medals

St Olavs Orden storkors stripe.svg
Den kongelige norske fortjenstorden storkors stripe.svg
Forsvarsmedaljen med laurbærgren stripe.svg

Kongehusets 100-årsmedalje stripe.svg
Olav Vs minnemedalje stripe.svg
Olav Vs jubileumsmedalje 1957-1982 stripe.svg

Olav Vs 100-årsmedalje stripe.svg
Kong Harald Vs jubileumsmedalje 1991-2016.png
Vernedyktighetsmedaljen Sjøforsvaret med 3 stjerner.svg

Norske reserveoffiserers forbunds hederstegn stripe.svg
Sjømilitære Samfunds fortjenstmedalje stripe.svg
Oslo militære samfunds hederstegn stripe.svg

Foreign honours

Awards

See also

References

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