Hacker groups are informal communities that began to flourish in the early 1980s, with the advent of the home computer.


Prior to that time, the term hacker was simply a referral to any computer hobbyist. The hacker groups were out to make names for themselves, and were often spurred on by their own press. This was a heyday of hacking, at a time before there was much law against computer crime. Hacker groups provided access to information and resources, and a place to learn from other members.[1] Hackers could also gain credibility by being affiliated with an elite group.[1] The names of hacker groups often parody large corporations, governments, police and criminals;[2] and often used specialized orthography.[2]

See also


  1. ^ a b Thomas, Douglas (2003). Hacker Culture. University of Minnesota Press. p. 90. ISBN 978-0-8166-3346-3.
  2. ^ a b Sterling, Bruce (1993). "Part 2(d)". The Hacker Crackdown. McLean, Virginia: IndyPublish.com. p. 61. ISBN 1-4043-0641-2.