Hackney London Borough Council
Coat of arms or logo
Logo
Type
Type
Leadership
Speaker
Kam Adams, Labour
since 2020/21
Philip Glanville, Labour
since September 2016
Deputy Mayor
Anntoinette Bramble
Rebecca Rennison, Labour
Leader of the Opposition
Michael Levy, Conservative
Chief executive
Mark Carroll
since July 2021
Structure
Seats57 councillors + Elected Mayor[1]
Hackney Council 2018.svg
Political groups
Administration (50)
  •   Labour (50)

Opposition (4)

Vacancies

  •   Vacant (3)
Length of term
Executive mayor elected every four years
Whole council elected every four years
Elections
First past the post
Last election
3 May 2018
Next election
5 May 2022
Meeting place
Hackney town hall 1.jpg
Hackney Town Hall, Mare Street
Website
hackney.gov.uk

Hackney London Borough Council is the local government authority for the London Borough of Hackney, London, England, one of 32 London borough councils. The council is unusual in the United Kingdom local government system in that its executive function is controlled by a directly elected mayor of Hackney, currently Philip Glanville of the Labour Party. Hackney comprises 19 wards, each electing three councillors. Following the May 2018 election, Hackney London Borough Council consists of 52 Labour Party councillors and 5 Conservative Party councillors.[2] The council was created by the London Government Act 1963 whereby it replaced three local authorities: Hackney Metropolitan Borough Council, Shoreditch Metropolitan Borough Council and Stoke Newington Metropolitan Borough Council.

History

There have previously been a number of local authorities responsible for the Hackney area. The current local authority was first elected in 1964, a year before formally coming into its powers and prior to the creation of the London Borough of Hackney on 1 April 1965. Hackney London Borough Council replaced Hackney Metropolitan Borough Council, Shoreditch Metropolitan Borough Council and Stoke Newington Metropolitan Borough Council. All three had been created in 1900; the ancient parishes of Hackney and Stoke Newington were previously governed by vestries, but together were united as the Hackney District of the Metropolis from 1855 to 1894. Shoreditch was also an ancient parish and was governed by a vestry until becoming a metropolitan borough in 1900.[3]

It was envisaged that through the London Government Act 1963 Hackney as a London local authority would share power with the Greater London Council. The split of powers and functions meant that the Greater London Council was responsible for "wide area" services such as fire, ambulance, flood prevention, and refuse disposal; with the local authorities responsible for "personal" services such as social care, libraries, cemeteries and refuse collection. This arrangement lasted until 1986 when Hackney London Borough Council gained responsibility for some services that had been provided by the Greater London Council, such as waste disposal. Hackney became an education authority in 1990. Since 2000 the Greater London Authority has taken some responsibility for highways and planning control from the council, but within the English local government system the council remains a "most purpose" authority in terms of the available range of powers and functions.[4]

Powers and functions

The local authority derives its powers and functions from the London Government Act 1963 and subsequent legislation, and has the powers and functions of a London borough council. It sets council tax and as a billing authority also collects precepts for Greater London Authority functions and business rates.[5] It sets planning policies which complement Greater London Authority and national policies, and decides on almost all planning applications accordingly. It is a local education authority and is also responsible for council housing, social services, libraries, waste collection and disposal, traffic, and most roads and environmental health.[6]

Elections

Electoral arrangements

Main article: List of electoral wards in Hackney

Wards were established for Hackney when it came into existence on 1 April 1965. The first elections of ward councillors took place in 1964.[7] These boundaries were also used for the 1968, 1971 and 1974 elections. For the 1978 elections the ward boundaries were revised.[8] These boundaries were then also used at the 1982, 1986 and 1990 elections.

For the May 1994 elections there were minor adjustments to London borough boundaries, which affected the area and population of some Hackney wards.[9][10] These boundaries were also used at the 1998 elections. The current ward boundaries came into effect at the May 2002 elections.[11] They were also used at the 2006 and 2010 elections. The ward boundaries were redrawn for the 2014 election.

Summary results of elections

Main article: Hackney local elections

References

  1. ^ "Open Council Data UK - compositions councillors parties wards elections".
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-08-06. Retrieved 2010-09-26.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ Youngs, Frederic (1979). Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England. Vol. I: Southern England. London: Royal Historical Society. ISBN 0-901050-67-9.
  4. ^ Leach, Steve (1998). Local Government Reorganisation: The Review and its Aftermath. Routledge. p. 107. ISBN 978-0714648590.
  5. ^ "Council Tax and Business Rates Billing Authorities". Council Tax Rates. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  6. ^ "Local Plan Responses – within and outside London". Mayor of London. 12 November 2015. Retrieved 9 April 2020.
  7. ^ London Borough Council Elections (1964) Archived 2013-08-22 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ London Borough Council Elections (1978) Archived 2012-08-15 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ Alteration of Status of Local Authorities 1993-1994 Archived 2014-02-21 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ London Borough Council Elections (1994) Archived 2013-08-22 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ London Borough Council Elections (2002) Archived 2013-08-22 at the Wayback Machine