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Haibei Prefecture
海北州 · མཚོ་བྱང་ཁུལ།
Haibei Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture
海北藏族自治州 · མཚོ་བྱང་བོད་རིགས་རང་སྐྱོང་ཁུལ
Qilian Mountains
Location of Haibei Prefecture in Qinghai
Location of Haibei Prefecture in Qinghai
CountryPeople's Republic of China
Prefecture seatHaiyan County (Xihai)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
ISO 3166 codeCN-QH-22
Haibei Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture
Chinese name
Tibetan name

Haibei Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture (Chinese: 海北藏族自治州; Tibetan: མཚོ་བྱང་བོད་རིགས་རང་སྐྱོང་ཁུལ་, Wylie: mtsho-byang bod-rigs rang-skyong-khul, cojang poirig ranggyong kü) is an autonomous prefecture of Northeastern Qinghai Province, China. The prefecture has an area of 39,354 square kilometres (15,195 sq mi) and its seat is Haiyan County. Its name literally means "north of (Qinghai) Lake."


According to the 2000 census, Haibei has 258,922 inhabitants with a population density of 6.58 inhabitants/km2.

The following is a list of ethnic groups in the prefecture, 2000 census.

Ethnicity Population Percentage
Han 94,841 36.63%
Hui 79,190 30.58%
Tibetan 62,520 24.15%
Mongol 13,087 5.05%
Tu/Monguor 7,806 3.01%
Salar 901 0.35%
Others 577 0.23%


The prefecture is subdivided into 4 county-level divisions: 3 counties and 1 autonomous county:

Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Tibetan Wylie
Tibetan Pinyin
(2010 Census)
Area (km2) Density
Haiyan County 海晏县 Hǎiyàn Xiàn ཧའེ་ཡན་རྫོང་ ha'e yan rdzong
Ha'êyan Zong
37,788 4,348 8.69
Qilian County 祁连县 Qílián Xiàn ཆི་ལེན་རྫོང་ chi len rdzong
Qilên Zong
46,473 15,610 2.97
Gangca County
(Gangcha County)
刚察县 Gāngchá Xiàn རྐང་ཚ་རྫོང་ rkang tsha rdzong
Gangca Zong
41,333 12,500 3.30
Menyuan Hui Autonomous County 门源回族自治县 Ményuán Huízú
མོང་ཡོན་ཧུའེ་རིགས་རང་སྐྱོང་རྫོང་ mong yon hu'e rigs
rang skyong rdzong

Mongyoin Hu'êrig
Ranggyong Zong
147,710 6,896 21.41

Coordinates: 36°57′N 100°54′E / 36.95°N 100.90°E / 36.95; 100.90