Haikou dialect
海口話
Pronunciation[hai˨˩˧ xau˨˩˧ ue˨˧]
Native toSouthern China
RegionHaikou, Hainan
Sino-Tibetan
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Glottologhain1237
Linguasphere79-AAA-ked
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.

The Haikou dialect is a topolect of Chinese and a subvariety of Hainanese spoken in Haikou, the capital of the Hainan province and island of China.

Phonology

The Haikou dialect has the following initials:[1]

Labial Dental Sibilant Velar Glottal
Stop / Affricate voiceless t ts k ʔ
voiced implosive ɓ ɗ
Nasal m n ŋ
Fricative voiceless f s x h
voiced v z
Lateral l

The finals are:[2]

Vocalic codas Nasal codas Stop codas
a ai au am ap ak
ia iau iam iaŋ iap iak
ua uai uaŋ uak
ɛ e ek
ue
o ɔi ɔu ɔm ɔŋ ɔp ɔk
io iɔŋ iɔk
i iu im in ip it
u ui un uk ok

There are also two syllabic nasals, /m̩/ and /ŋ̍/.[2]

The tone categories (described using Chao tone letters) are:[2][3]

level rising departing entering
upper 24 213 35 5
lower 21 33 3
55ʔ

See also

References

  1. ^ Chen (1996), p. 4.
  2. ^ a b c Chen (1996), p. 5.
  3. ^ Yan (2006), p. 142.