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Hailun
海伦市
Hai-lun
Location of the city
Location of the city
Hailun is located in Heilongjiang
Hailun
Hailun
Location in Heilongjiang
Coordinates: 47°28′N 126°58′E / 47.467°N 126.967°E / 47.467; 126.967Coordinates: 47°28′N 126°58′E / 47.467°N 126.967°E / 47.467; 126.967
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHeilongjiang
Prefecture-level citySuihua
Municipal seatHailun Town (海伦镇)
Area
 • Total4,667 km2 (1,802 sq mi)
Elevation
239 m (784 ft)
Population
 (2018)[1]
 • Total756,616
 • Density160/km2 (420/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
152300
Area code(s)0455
ClimateDwb

Hailun (simplified Chinese: 海伦; traditional Chinese: 海倫; pinyin: Hǎilún) is a city in west-central Heilongjiang province, People's Republic of China. Administratively, it is a county-level city under Suihua City.

History

Before the Qing Dynasty

Hailun was one of the earliest centrally governed counties in Heilongjiang Province. The city was named after the Hailun River, which runs through it. The name Hailun is a variation of a Manchu word that sounds like "kailing", which means "otter". This name was chosen due to the abundance of otters inhabiting the nearby river. The area around Hailun was initially ruled by the Manchu people and was administrated from Hulan City for much of the Manchu Qing Dynasty.[2]

Qing Dynasty

By 1885 (the eleventh ruling year of the Emperor Guangxu of the Qing Dynasty), Hailun was administrated by the prefecture-level city of Suihua. In 1898, the Tongken Deputy Metropolitan Government was established, and the territory of Hailun County was placed under its jurisdiction. The Tongken Deputy Metropolitan Government was dissolved in 1906.

Republic of China

In 1912, Republic of China's first year in power, Hailun Prefecture was renamed to Hailun County. In 1932, following the Japanese annexation of Manchuria, Hailun County was absorbed into the Japanese puppet state of Manchukuo. On August 15, 1945, Manchukuo was liberated by the Soviet Red Army, and the puppet state was disestablished. The region was then handed over to the People’s Liberation Army under Mao Zedong. Under the leadership of the Chinese Communist Party, the People's Government was established in Manchuria in November 1945. Hailun County was under the direct jurisdiction of the CCP and the PLA until the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949.

People's Republic of China

Since the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949, Hailun County has been under the jurisdiction of Heilongjiang Province. On December 23, 1989, the State Council approved the renaming of Hailun County to Hailun City (county level).The name change did not affect the administrative jurisdiction under the city, and it was still governed through the Suihua District. On January 11, 1990, the area was officially renamed.

Geography and climate

Map featuring Hailun (labeled 海倫 HAI-LUN (walled)) (AMS, 1955)
Map featuring Hailun (labeled 海倫 HAI-LUN (walled)) (AMS, 1955)

Hailun is located on the Songnen Plain with the Lesser Khingan mountain range to the west. Its administrative area ranges in latitude from 46° 58' to 47° 52' N, and in longitude from 126° 14' to 127° 45' E.

Hailun has a humid continental climate (Köppen: Dwb), with long, cold, and dry winters and humid, warm summers. The daily mean temperature in January, the coldest month, is −21.1 °C (−6.0 °F). The daily mean temperature in July, the warmest month, is 21.9 °C (71.4 °F). The average annual temperature of Hailun is +2.48 °C (36.5 °F). Nearly two-thirds of the annual precipitation falls between June to August. With percent possible sunshine ranging from 53% in July to 71% in February, the city receives 2,680 hours of sunshine annually.

Climate data for Hailun (1981−2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) −0.5
(31.1)
6.0
(42.8)
19.1
(66.4)
28.3
(82.9)
33.0
(91.4)
38.0
(100.4)
36.6
(97.9)
35.4
(95.7)
32.5
(90.5)
24.7
(76.5)
13.5
(56.3)
3.4
(38.1)
38.0
(100.4)
Average high °C (°F) −16.1
(3.0)
−10.0
(14.0)
0.0
(32.0)
11.7
(53.1)
20.0
(68.0)
25.3
(77.5)
26.6
(79.9)
25.1
(77.2)
19.5
(67.1)
9.9
(49.8)
−3.2
(26.2)
−13.4
(7.9)
8.0
(46.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) −21.1
(−6.0)
−15.8
(3.6)
−5.6
(21.9)
5.6
(42.1)
13.6
(56.5)
19.6
(67.3)
21.9
(71.4)
20.1
(68.2)
13.5
(56.3)
4.3
(39.7)
−8.2
(17.2)
−18.1
(−0.6)
2.5
(36.5)
Average low °C (°F) −25.6
(−14.1)
−21.2
(−6.2)
−11.1
(12.0)
−0.2
(31.6)
7.1
(44.8)
13.9
(57.0)
17.3
(63.1)
15.5
(59.9)
8.0
(46.4)
−0.5
(31.1)
−12.6
(9.3)
−22.4
(−8.3)
−2.6
(27.2)
Record low °C (°F) −40.3
(−40.5)
−36.6
(−33.9)
−32.0
(−25.6)
−16.0
(3.2)
−7.9
(17.8)
2.4
(36.3)
7.1
(44.8)
3.1
(37.6)
−5.0
(23.0)
−19.1
(−2.4)
−31.1
(−24.0)
−37.2
(−35.0)
−40.3
(−40.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 3.3
(0.13)
3.0
(0.12)
9.3
(0.37)
24.8
(0.98)
45.3
(1.78)
95.8
(3.77)
137.9
(5.43)
134.1
(5.28)
59.0
(2.32)
23.8
(0.94)
7.3
(0.29)
6.0
(0.24)
549.6
(21.65)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 4.5 4.0 4.7 7.2 10.5 14.6 14.7 13.5 11.1 7.2 5.9 6.3 104.2
Average relative humidity (%) 75 70 59 54 53 65 78 79 70 63 67 74 67
Mean monthly sunshine hours 181.6 204.8 249.8 236.6 270.8 265.6 257.2 251.9 227.7 208.4 172.8 152.9 2,680.1
Percent possible sunshine 66 71 68 58 58 56 53 57 61 62 62 58 60
Source: China Meteorological Administration (precipitation days and sunshine 1971–2000)[3][4]

Administrative divisions

Hailun City is divided into 14 towns and 9 townships.[5]

14 towns
9 townships

References

  1. ^ 全国各县市区人口排名 www.hongheiku.com (in Chinese). hongheiku. Retrieved 2022-01-05.
  2. ^ "海倫(黑龍江省綏化市轄縣級市):歷史沿革,清代以前,清代時期,民國時期,新中國成立". Retrieved 29 October 2020.
  3. ^ 中国气象数据网 - WeatherBk Data (in Chinese (China)). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 2020-04-15.
  4. ^ 中国地面国际交换站气候标准值月值数据集(1971-2000年). China Meteorological Administration. Archived from the original on 2013-09-21.
  5. ^ "国家统计局" (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2021-12-07.