Haizhu
海珠区
Honam
Skyline of Chigang Subdistrict with the Canton Tower visible
Skyline of Chigang Subdistrict with the Canton Tower visible
Administrative Division Guangzhou.png
  Haizhu in Guangzhou
Coordinates: 23°05′34″N 113°21′18″E / 23.092681°N 113.354874°E / 23.092681; 113.354874Coordinates: 23°05′34″N 113°21′18″E / 23.092681°N 113.354874°E / 23.092681; 113.354874
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceGuangdong
Sub-provincial cityGuangzhou
Area
 • Total90.4 km2 (34.9 sq mi)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total1,819,037
 • Density20,000/km2 (52,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
510220
Area code020
Websitewww.haizhu.gov.cn
Haizhu District
Simplified Chinese海珠区
Traditional Chinese海珠區
JyutpingHoi2zyu1 Keoi1
Hanyu PinyinHǎizhū Qū
Literal meaningSea Pearl District
Henan
Chinese河南
JyutpingHo4 naam4
Hanyu PinyinHénán
Literal meaningSouth of the River

Haizhu District is one of 11 urban districts of the prefecture-level city of Guangzhou, the capital of Guangdong Province, China.

Geography

Haizhu District is located in the southern part of Guangzhou city. After the adjustment of Guangzhou's administrative regional planning in 2005, the northern part of Haizhu District is adjacent to Liwan District, Yuexiu District and Tianhe District across the Pearl River, and the eastern, western and southern parts are adjacent to Huangpu District, Liwan District and Panyu District respectively. The main parts of the area are Haizhu Island and Henan Island. In addition, there are Guanzhou Island and Yajisha Island. Haizhu District is located between 113°14' to 113°23' east longitude and 23°3' to 23°16' north latitude, surrounded by the front and rear waterways of the Guangzhou section of the Pearl River. The area includes Haizhu Island, Henan Island, Guanzhou Island in the southeast and Yajisha Island in the south, with a total area of 90.40 square kilometers.[1]

History

Haizhu District originally consisted of Henan or Honam Island ("South of the River"), across the Pearl River from the old city of Guangzhou (then known as "Canton").[2] Its main community was also known by the same name and surrounded the Hoi Tong Monastery.

According to archaeological discoveries, there were inhabitants settled in the district around three thousand years to four thousand years ago. Western Han dynasty tombs and Eastern han dynasty tombs were often found in the region. From 1856 to 1859, trading companies associated with foreign traders under the Canton System temporarily relocated to the district after the Thirteen Factories site was destroyed in a fire.

Haizhu was once the largest district in Guangzhou, its southernmost and its least dense. With the expansion of Guangzhou, it no longer holds any of these titles. Although less built-up than Liwan and Yuexiu Districts, Haizhu now has some of the most expensive real estate in the city.[citation needed] Its riverfront now has some of the tallest and most expensive residential buildings in Guangzhou.

Administrative divisions

Name Chinese (S) Hanyu Pinyin Canton Romanization Population (2010)[3] Area (km2)
Binjiang Subdistrict 滨江街道 Bīnjiāng Jiēdào ben1 gong1 gai1 dou6 72,324 16.07
Changgang Subdistrict 昌岗街道 Chānggǎng Jiēdào cêng1 gong1 gai1 dou6 97,986 1.96
Chigang Subdistrict 赤岗街道 Chìgǎng Jiēdào cég3 gong1 gai1 dou6 114,978 5.73
Fengyang Subdistrict 凤阳街道 Fèngyáng Jiēdào fung6 yêng4 gai1 dou6 162,641 9.30
Guanzhou Subdistrict 官洲街道 Guānzhōu Jiēdào gun1 zeo1 gai1 dou6 57,869 11.20
Haichuang Subdistrict 海幢街道 Hǎichuáng Jiēdào hoi2 cong4 gai1 dou6 62,884 1.45
Huazhou Subdistrict 华洲街道 Huázhōu Jiēdào wa4 zeo1 gai1 dou6 49,742 12.2
Jianghai Subdistrict 江海街道 Jiānghǎi Jiēdào gong1 hoi2 gai1 dou6 115,157 5.30
Jiangnanzhong Subdistrict 江南中街道 Jiāngnánzhōng Jiēdào gong1 nam4 zung1 gai1 dou6 75,220 2.36
Longfeng Subdistrict 龙凤街道 Lóngfèng Jiēdào lung4 fung6 gai1 dou6 102,561 2.38
Nanhuaxi Subdistrict 南华西街道 Nánhuáxī Jiēdào nam4 wa4 sei1 gai1 dou6 37,960 1.10
Nanshitou Subdistrict 南石头街道 Nánshítou Jiēdào nam4 ség6 teo4 gai1 dou6 123,043 4.80
Nanzhou Subdistrict 南洲街道 Nánzhōu Jiēdào nam4 zeo1 gai1 dou6 84,726 12.30
Pazhou Subdistrict 琶洲街道 Pázhōu Jiēdào pa4 zeo1 gai1 dou6 29,851 10.00
Ruibao Subdistrict 瑞宝街道 Ruìbǎo Jiēdào sêu 6bou2 gai1 dou6 125,399 6.30
Shayuan Subdistrict 沙园街道 Shāyuán Jiēdào sa1 yun4 gai1 dou6 67,322 1.44
Sushe Subdistrict 素社街道 Sùshè Jiēdào sou3 se5 gai1 dou6 67,103 1.68
Xingang Subdistrict 新港街道 Xīngǎng Jiēdào sen1 gong2 gai1 dou6 111,897 3.85

Economy

7 Days Inn has its corporate headquarters in the Creative Industry Zone[note 1] in Haizhu.[4][5]

The headquarters of Zhujiang Beer is in Haizhu District.[6]

Education

The main campus of Sun Yat-Sen University is located in Haizhu, as well as the Guangzhou Fine Arts Academy. Right across the street from the Sun Yat-Sen University is the South Sea Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences. The Guangzhou No.6 High School alongside the university is one of the best in the city, containing programs that follow the American curriculum.

Transportation

Guangzhou's Metro Line 8's eastern end is in Haizhu. Metro Lines 3 runs from north to south through the District, while line 5, currently under construction, will also have stations in it. Another metro line, the Guangfo Line, connects Guangzhou and Foshan, a city just west of Guangzhou.It is currently the only metro line connecting two cities in China.

Metro

Haizhu is currently serviced by six metro lines operated by Guangzhou Metro:

Arts

The artists cooperative Park19 has facilities on Haizhu.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ 创意园; 創意園; Chuàngyìyuán; cong3 ji3 jyun4

References

  1. ^ "基本概况 广州市海珠区人民政府门户网站". www.haizhu.gov.cn. Retrieved 2022-02-08.
  2. ^ "Haizhu District". Archived from the original on 2011-07-07. Retrieved 2009-03-27.
  3. ^ shi, Guo wu yuan ren kou pu cha ban gong; council, Guo jia tong ji ju ren kou he jiu ye tong ji si bian = Tabulation on the 2010 population census of the people's republic of China by township / compiled by Population census office under the state; population, Department of; statistics, employment statistics national bureau of (2012). Zhongguo 2010 nian ren kou pu cha fen xiang, zhen, jie dao zi liao (Di 1 ban. ed.). Beijing Shi: Zhongguo tong ji chu ban she. ISBN 978-7-5037-6660-2.
  4. ^ "Company Profile Archived 2012-11-16 at the Wayback Machine." 7 Days Inn. Retrieved on October 24, 2012. "5C-11 Creative Industry Zone, 397 XinGangZhong Road, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510310, People’s Republic of China"
  5. ^ "about_building.html Archived 2012-11-02 at the Wayback Machine." (Select the "联系方式" tab) 7 Days Inn. Retrieved on October 24, 2012. "【总部】广州市海珠区新港中路397号TIT创意园5C大道11号"
  6. ^ "联系我们". Zhujiang Beer. Retrieved 2021-08-25. 广东省广州市新港东路磨碟沙大街118号