RegionKon Tum Province (Vietnam), Attapu Province (Laos)
EthnicityHalang people
Native speakers
14,000 in Vietnam (2000)[1]
4,000 in Laos (no date)[2]
Latin (Vietnamese)
Language codes
ISO 639-3hal

Halang, also known as Salang, is a Bahnaric language of the Mon–Khmer branch of the Austroasiatic language family. It is spoken in the southern Laotian province of Attapu by approximately 4,000 people and in the neighboring Kon Tum Province of Vietnam by approximately 20,000 people.[1] In Vietnam, Halang is spoken in Đắk Na Commune, Đắk Tô District, Kon Tum Province (Lê et al. 2014:175)[3]

In more specific usage, Halang refers to the dialect spoken in Vietnam, whereas Salang refers to the dialect spoken in Laos. Halang or Salang may also serve as an ethnonym for members of the ethnic group that speak the language. However, in Vietnam, the Halang speakers are officially classified as a subgroup of the larger Sedang ethnicity.


  1. ^ a b Halang at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
  2. ^ Halang language at Ethnologue (15th ed., 2005)
  3. ^ Lê Bá Thảo, Hoàng Ma, et al.; Viện hàn lâm khoa học xã hội Việt Nam - Viện dân tộc học. 2014. Các dân tộc ít người ở Việt Nam: các tỉnh phía nam. Ha Noi: Nhà xuất bản khoa học xã hội. ISBN 978-604-90-2436-8