Hammersmith North
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
County1918–1965: County of London
1965–1983: Greater London
19181983
Number of membersOne
Replaced byHammersmith
Created fromHammersmith

Hammersmith North was a borough constituency in the Metropolitan Borough of Hammersmith in West London. It returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, elected by the first past the post system.

History

The constituency was created when the Hammersmith constituency was divided for the 1918 general election. It was abolished for the 1983 general election when it was partly replaced by a new Hammersmith constituency.

In its early years the constituency regularly changed hands between Labour and the Conservatives, but it was a Labour seat from a by-election in 1934 until its abolition in 1983.

Boundaries

1918–1950

Hammersmith North 1918-50
Hammersmith North 1918-50
A map showing the wards of Hammersmith Metropolitan Borough as they appeared in 1916.
A map showing the wards of Hammersmith Metropolitan Borough as they appeared in 1916.

The seat was created by the Representation of the People Act 1918, and was defined as consisting of wards Four, Five, Six and Seven of the Metropolitan Borough of Hammersmith.[1]

1950–1955

Hammersmith North 1950-55
Hammersmith North 1950-55

The original boundaries were used until the 1950 general election. The wards of the metropolitan borough had been redrawn since 1918, and the seat was redefined by the Representation of the People Act 1948 as comprising six wards: College Park & Latimer, Coningham, Old Oak, Starch Green, White City and Wormholt.[1]

1955–1974

Hammersmith North 1955-74
Hammersmith North 1955-74

The House of Commons (Redistribution of Seats) Act 1949 allowed for periodic reviews of constituency boundaries. Seats in the two metropolitan boroughs of Hammersmith and Fulham were redrawn prior to the 1955 general election. The neighbouring seat of Hammersmith South was abolished and the three wards of Addison, Olympia and St. Stephen's were transferred to the North constituency.[1]

1974–1983

The last redrawing of the boundaries of the constituency took place prior to the February 1974 election. In 1965 the former metropolitan borough had become part of the larger London Borough of Hammersmith, and the seat was defined as consisting of ten wards of the London Borough, namely: Addison, Broadway, Brook Green, College Park & Old Oak, Coningham, Grove, St. Stephen's, Starch Green, White City and Wormholt.[1]

Members of Parliament

Election Member Party
1918 Sir Henry Foreman Coalition Conservative
1922 Conservative
1923 James Gardner Labour
1924 Ellis Ashmead-Bartlett Conservative
1926 by-election James Gardner Labour
1931 Mary Pickford Conservative
1934 by-election Fielding West Labour
1935 Denis Pritt Labour
1940 Independent Labour
1949 Labour Independent Group
1950 Frank Tomney Labour
1979 Clive Soley Labour
1983 constituency abolished : see Hammersmith

Election results

Election in the 1910s

General election 1918: Hammersmith North
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
C Unionist Henry Foreman 5,785 46.5
Liberal Ernest Young (writer) 2,542 20.4
National James C Walker 2,075 16.7
Labour Christopher Roland Morden 2,048 16.4
Majority 3,243 26.1
Turnout 12,450 46.7
Registered electors 26,656
Unionist win (new seat)
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

Election in the 1920s

General election 1922: Hammersmith North
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Henry Foreman 8,303 46.3 −0.2
Labour James Gardner 5,350 29.8 +13.4
Liberal Frederick L Coysh 4,278 23.9 +3.5
Majority 2,953 16.5 −9.6
Turnout 17,931 60.0 +13.3
Registered electors 29,904
Unionist hold Swing −6.8
General election 1923: Hammersmith North
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour James Gardner 8,101 41.0 +11.2
Unionist Ellis Ashmead-Bartlett 7,256 36.8 −9.5
Liberal Frederick L. Coysh 4,374 22.2 −1.7
Majority 845 4.2 N/A
Turnout 19,731 63.0 +3.0
Registered electors 31,331
Labour gain from Unionist Swing +10.4
General election 1924: Hammersmith North [2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Ellis Ashmead-Bartlett 12,925 54.1 +17.3
Labour James Gardner 10,970 45.9 +4.9
Majority 1,955 8.2 N/A
Turnout 23,895 74.2 +11.2
Registered electors 32,194
Unionist gain from Labour Swing +6.2
Hammersmith North by-election 1926[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour James Gardner 13,095 53.4 +7.5
Unionist Samuel Gluckstein 9,484 38.6 −15.5
Liberal George Paton Murfitt 1,974 8.0 New
Majority 3,611 14.8 N/A
Turnout 24,553 72.2 −2.0
Registered electors 34,017
Labour gain from Unionist Swing +11.5
General election 1929: Hammersmith North[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour James Gardner 17,601 56.2 +10.3
Unionist (Harold Richard) Marshall Hays 13,744 43.8 −10.3
Majority 3,857 12.4 N/A
Turnout 31,345 70.0 −4.2
Registered electors 44,789
Labour gain from Unionist Swing +10.3

Election in the 1930s

General election 1931: Hammersmith North
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Mary Pickford 18,815 59.2 +15.4
Labour James Gardner 11,838 37.2 -19.0
Communist Ted Bramley 697 2.2 New
New Party R. E. N. Braden 431 1.4 New
Majority 6,977 22.0 N/A
Turnout 45,693 69.6 -0.4
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
Hammersmith North: By-election, 24 April 1934
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Fielding West 14,263 55.7 +18.5
Conservative C. P. Davis 10,747 41.9 -17.3
Communist Ted Bramley 614 2.4 +0.2
Majority 3,516 13.8 N/A
Turnout 45,216 56.7 -12.9
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
General election 1935: Hammersmith North
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour D.N. Pritt 15,464 52.8 +15.6
Conservative Norman Bower 13,830 47.2 -12.0
Majority 1,634 5.6 N/A
Turnout 44,570 65.7 -3.9
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Election in the 1940s

General Election 1939–40

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the Autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;

General election 1945: Hammersmith North
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Labour D.N. Pritt 18,845 63.8 New
Conservative Leonard Caplan 7,516 25.5 -21.7
Labour W.H. Church 3,165 10.7 -42.1
Majority 11,329 38.3 N/A
Turnout 40,444 73.0 +7.3
Independent Labour gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1950s

General election 1950: Hammersmith North
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Frank Tomney 13,346 39.71
Conservative T Gee 10,406 30.96
Independent Labour D.N. Pritt 6,457 25.16
Liberal Hyman Mark Pick 1,402 4.17 New
Majority 2,940 8.75 N/A
Turnout 21,611 81.05
Labour gain from Independent Labour Swing
General election 1951: Hammersmith North
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Frank Tomney 22,709 66.13
Conservative John Howard 11,629 33.87
Majority 11,080 32.26
Turnout 34,338 81.17
Labour hold Swing
General election 1955: Hammersmith North
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Frank Tomney 24,280 61.16
Conservative Andrew Bowden 15,417 38.84
Majority 8,863 22.32
Turnout 39,697 70.04
Labour hold Swing
General election 1959: Hammersmith North
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Frank Tomney 21,409 59.35
Conservative William David Armstrong Bagnell 14,662 40.65
Majority 6,747 18.70
Turnout 36,071 69.80
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s

General election 1964: Hammersmith North
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Frank Tomney 18,547 62.91
Conservative TCG Stacey 10,936 37.09
Majority 7,611 25.82
Turnout 29,483 63.11
Labour hold Swing
General election 1966: Hammersmith North
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Frank Tomney 19,522 68.79
Conservative Michael Neubert 8,857 31.21
Majority 10,665 37.58
Turnout 28,379 63.92
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s

General election 1970: Hammersmith North
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Frank Tomney 16,145 62.67
Conservative Ian Stewart 9,615 37.33
Majority 6,530 25.34
Turnout 25,760 62.04
Labour hold Swing
General election February 1974: Hammersmith North
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Frank Tomney 18,970 49.45
Conservative RG Beckett 11,929 31.10
Liberal Simon Harold John Arthur Knott 7,460 19.45 New
Majority 7,041 18.35
Turnout 38,359 73.72
Labour hold Swing
General election October 1974: Hammersmith North
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Frank Tomney 18,061 53.38
Conservative RG Beckett 9,939 29.38
Liberal Simon Harold John Arthur Knott 5,200 15.37
Independent JP McFadden 633 1.87 New
Majority 8,122 24.00
Turnout 33,833 64.60
Labour hold Swing
General election 1979: Hammersmith North
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Clive Soley 17,241 48.19
Conservative J Cripps 13,735 38.39
Liberal Simon Harold John Arthur Knott 4,147 11.59
National Front R Pearse 462 1.29 New
Workers Revolutionary C Stewart 193 0.54 New
Majority 3,506 9.80
Turnout 35,778 70.40
Labour hold Swing

References

  1. ^ a b c d Youngs, Frederic A, Jr. (1979). Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol.I: Southern England. London: Royal Historical Society. pp. 743–746. ISBN 0-901050-67-9.
  2. ^ "General Election 1924 - Full Polling Results". The Times. 13 January 1924. p. i.
  3. ^ "North Hammersmith Result. Labour Majority of 3,611". The Times. 29 May 1926. p. 12.
  4. ^ "General Election 1929 - Results in Detail". The Times. 10 June 1929. p. i.
  5. ^ Report of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party, 1939