Hampstead, Maryland
Northbound on Main Street in Hampstead
Seal
Location of Hampstead, Maryland
Coordinates: 39°36′37″N 76°51′5″W / 39.61028°N 76.85139°W / 39.61028; -76.85139Coordinates: 39°36′37″N 76°51′5″W / 39.61028°N 76.85139°W / 39.61028; -76.85139
CountryUnited States
StateMaryland
CountyCarroll
Incorporated1888[1]
Government
 • MayorChristopher Nevin
Area
 • Total3.34 sq mi (8.66 km2)
 • Land3.31 sq mi (8.58 km2)
 • Water0.03 sq mi (0.08 km2)
Elevation
928 ft (283 m)
Population
 • Total6,323
 • Estimate 
(2019)[4]
6,401
 • Density1,932.09/sq mi (745.99/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
21074
Area code(s)410,443
FIPS code24-36500
GNIS feature ID0590408
Websitewww.hampsteadmd.gov

Hampstead is a town in Carroll County in the U.S. state of Maryland. The population was 6,323 at the 2010 census.[5]

History

Between 1736 and 1738, Robert Owings was assigned to "cut a new road as Christopher Gist had marked it" south from Conewago (now Hanover, Pennsylvania) to a point about halfway to Fort Garrison in Baltimore County. The village of Spring Garden became a stage-line stop on the new road and later became the town of Hampstead, named after Hampstead, in England.[6] The first European settlers to the area were English immigrants who made their way west from the Port of Philadelphia. They were followed by Scots and Germans. Hampstead was used by farmers from surrounding areas as a center to obtain goods brought from Baltimore and to send produce to markets in Baltimore and Pennsylvania. The level and fertile land, coupled with the availability of lime, gave farmers important advantages for successful farming. In 1879, the Harrisburg Division of the Western Maryland Railroad reached Hampstead. The accessibility of the railroad attracted new residents and made dairy farming profitable.[citation needed] The town was incorporated in 1888 and since then has developed from a farming community to a modern town of about 6,300 residents.

Hampstead School was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2002.[7] Once defunct and derelict, it was rehabilitated and is now The Residences at Hampstead School, a retirement facility.

Geography

Hampstead is located at 39°36′37″N 76°51′5″W / 39.61028°N 76.85139°W / 39.61028; -76.85139 (39.610303, -76.851493).[8] According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 3.21 square miles (8.31 km2), of which 3.19 square miles (8.26 km2) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.05 km2) is water.[9]

Hampstead is approximately 3 miles (5 km) south of Manchester, 6 miles (10 km) east of Westminster, and 9 miles (14 km) north of Reisterstown.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860198
187023518.7%
188030630.2%
189052170.3%
1900480−7.9%
191055515.6%
19205662.0%
193090559.9%
1940664−26.6%
19506772.0%
19606962.8%
197096138.1%
19801,29334.5%
19902,608101.7%
20005,06094.0%
20106,32325.0%
2019 (est.)6,401[4]1.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]

2010 census

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 6,323 people, 2,415 households, and 1,658 families living in the town. The population density was 1,982.1 inhabitants per square mile (765.3/km2). There were 2,500 housing units at an average density of 783.7 per square mile (302.6/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 94.0% White, 2.0% African American, 0.3% Native American, 1.4% Asian, 0.9% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.0% of the population.

There were 2,415 households, of which 42.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.8% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 31.3% were non-families. 26.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.20.

The median age in the town was 35.2 years. 28.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 30.1% were from 25 to 44; 23.9% were from 45 to 64; and 9.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 47.3% male and 52.7% female.

2000 census

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 5,060 people, 1,787 households, and 1,327 families living in the town. The population density was 1,887.1 people per square mile (729.0/km2). There were 1,851 housing units at an average density of 690.3 per square mile (266.7/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.79% White, 0.79% African American, 0.06% Native American, 0.51% Asian, 0.06% from other races, and 0.79% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.09% of the population.

There were 1,787 households, out of which 50.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.3% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.7% were non-families. 21.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.83 and the average family size was 3.32.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 34.7% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 39.5% from 25 to 44, 14.2% from 45 to 64, and 5.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $56,655, and the median income for a family was $62,460. Males had a median income of $45,000 versus $30,407 for females. The per capita income for the town was $22,730. About 1.3% of families and 2.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.5% of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over.

Hampstead Elementary School
Hampstead Elementary School

Education

The main schools In Hampstead are North Carroll Middle School, Shiloh Middle School, Spring Garden Elementary School and Hampstead Elementary School, which also service other towns and unincorporated areas nearby.

Transportation

MD 30 southbound in Hampstead
MD 30 southbound in Hampstead

The primary means of travel to and from Hampstead is by road. Maryland Route 30 is the most prominent highway serving the town. Formerly passing directly through the center of town, MD 30 now follows a bypass on the west side of Hampstead, with the original alignment now designated Maryland Route 30 Business. MD 30 provides connections northward to Manchester and southward to Reisterstown. Other highways serving Hampstead include Maryland Route 88, Maryland Route 482 and Maryland Route 833.

The Owings Mills station of the Baltimore Metro SubwayLink in nearby Owings Mills, Baltimore County, is a 20 minute drive by car from Hampstead and provides subway access to downtown Baltimore.

References

  1. ^ "Hampstead". Maryland Manual. Retrieved 25 June 2017.
  2. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 25, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-25.
  4. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  5. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Hampstead town, Maryland". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 6, 2012.
  6. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 148.
  7. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. April 15, 2008.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-25.
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  11. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.