Hampstead, New Hampshire
Official seal of Hampstead, New Hampshire
Location in Rockingham County and the state of New Hampshire.
Location in Rockingham County and the state of New Hampshire.
Coordinates: 42°52′28″N 71°10′52″W / 42.87444°N 71.18111°W / 42.87444; -71.18111Coordinates: 42°52′28″N 71°10′52″W / 42.87444°N 71.18111°W / 42.87444; -71.18111
CountryUnited States
StateNew Hampshire
CountyRockingham
Incorporated1749
Villages
Government
 • Board of Selectmen
  • Sean Murphy, Chair
  • Maurie Worthen
  • Steve Morse
  • Joseph Guthrie
  • Laurie Warnock
Area
 • Total14.1 sq mi (36.5 km2)
 • Land13.4 sq mi (34.8 km2)
 • Water0.7 sq mi (1.7 km2)  4.72%
Elevation
315 ft (96 m)
Population
 (2020)[2]
 • Total8,998
 • Density671/sq mi (258.9/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP codes
03841 (Hampstead)
03826 (East Hampstead)
03038 (Derry)
Area code(s)603
FIPS code33-32900
GNIS feature ID0873615
Websitewww.hampsteadnh.us

Hampstead is a town in Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 8,998 at the 2020 census.[2] Hampstead, which includes the village of East Hampstead, is home to a portion of the Rockingham Recreational Trail.

History

Main Street in 1914, East Hampstead
Main Street in 1914, East Hampstead

Once part of Haverhill and Amesbury, Massachusetts, and settled in 1640, this town was formed as a result of the 1739 decision fixing the boundary line between Massachusetts and New Hampshire. It was originally known as "Timberlane Parish" because of the heavy growth of native trees. The town was incorporated in 1749 by colonial governor Benning Wentworth, who renamed it after Hampstead, England,[3] the residence of William Pitt, a close friend.

The Hampstead Meetinghouse, constructed circa 1749–1768, was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1980.

Hampstead was the home of the first honey factory in the United States, in 1816.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 14.1 square miles (36.5 km2), of which 13.4 square miles (34.8 km2) are land and 0.66 square miles (1.7 km2) are water, comprising 4.72% of the town.[1] Island Pond is in the southwest, with Wash Pond near the center and Angle Pond on the northern border. The highest point in Hampstead is greater than 460 feet (140 m) above sea level at the town's northwestern corner, near the eastern knob of Butman Hill. Hampstead lies mostly within the Merrimack River watershed, though the area east of Butman Hill and north of Smith Mountain is part the Piscataqua River (Coastal) watershed.[4] Hampstead is home to Camp Tel Noar, an overnight summer camp on Wash Pond (Sunset Lake).

Adjacent municipalities

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790724
18007909.1%
1810738−6.6%
18207511.8%
183091321.6%
1840890−2.5%
1850789−11.3%
186093017.9%
18709350.5%
18809501.6%
1890860−9.5%
1900823−4.3%
1910796−3.3%
1920670−15.8%
193077515.7%
19408236.2%
19509029.6%
19601,26139.8%
19702,40190.4%
19803,78557.6%
19906,73277.9%
20008,29723.2%
20108,5232.7%
20208,9985.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[2][5]

At the 2000 census there were 8,297 people, 3,044 households, and 2,279 families living in the town. The population density was 623.0 people per square mile (240.5/km2). There were 3,276 housing units at an average density of 246.0 per square mile (95.0/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 98.47% White, 0.23% African American, 0.08% Native American, 0.54% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.16% from other races, and 0.47% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.78%.[6]

Of the 3,044 households 41.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.2% were married couples living together, 6.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.1% were non-families. 20.7% of households were one person and 6.1% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.19.

The age distribution was 28.9% under the age of 18, 5.1% from 18 to 24, 31.0% from 25 to 44, 25.6% from 45 to 64, and 9.3% 65 or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.7 males.

The median household income was $68,533 and the median family income was $79,114. Males had a median income of $56,625 versus $31,449 for females. The per capita income for the town was $29,195. About 2.4% of families and 3.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.3% of those under age 18 and 3.7% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Three New Hampshire state routes cross Hampstead:

The nearest airport is Manchester–Boston Regional Airport along the border of Londonderry and Manchester.

Education

Local public schools include:

The Town of Hampstead pays tuition for town students to attend Pinkerton Academy in Derry, and therefore Pinkerton serves as Hampstead's public high school.[7]

Hampstead Academy is a private school in Hampstead.

Notable people

References

  1. ^ a b "2021 U.S. Gazetteer Files – New Hampshire". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 22, 2021.
  2. ^ a b c "Hampstead town, Rockingham County, New Hampshire: 2020 DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved December 22, 2021.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 148.
  4. ^ Foster, Debra H.; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N.; Medalie, Laura (1995). Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers. U.S. Department of the Interior and U.S. Geological Survey.
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  6. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  7. ^ "Sending towns". Pinkerton Academy. Retrieved 2022-04-24.