Hamre herad
Hammer herred
View of the Hamre coast (c. 1875)
Hamre within Hordaland
Coordinates: 60°32′47″N 05°21′30″E / 60.54639°N 5.35833°E / 60.54639; 5.35833Coordinates: 60°32′47″N 05°21′30″E / 60.54639°N 5.35833°E / 60.54639; 5.35833
CountryNorway
CountyHordaland
DistrictNordhordland
Established1 Jan 1838
Disestablished1 Jan 1964
Administrative centreHamre
Area
 • Total84 km2 (32 sq mi)
 *Area at municipal dissolution.
Population
 (1963)
 • Total2,572
 • Density31/km2 (79/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Hamarsokning[1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1254
Created asFormannskapsdistrikt in 1838
Succeeded byLindås, Osterøy, Meland in 1964

Hamre (historically, Hammer) is a former municipality in the old Hordaland county, Norway. The municipality existed from 1838 until 1964 when it was dissolved and its lands split up among several other municipalities. It was located in what is now Alver Municipality and Osterøy Municipality in Vestland county. It was once a large municipality, but over time it was reduced in size until it covered an area of 84 square kilometres (32 sq mi) by the time it was dissolved in 1964. At that time, it encompassed land on both sides of the Osterfjorden on the Lindås peninsula on the north side and on the island of Osterøy on the south side. The administrative centre was the village of Hamre where Hamre Church was located.[2]

History

The parish of Hammer was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt law). On 1 January 1885, the northwestern district of Hamre on the island of Holsnøy and the area around the village of Alversund on the mainland (population: 2,793) was separated to become the new municipality of Alversund. On 1 January 1904, the western district of Hamre (population: 1,625) was separated to become the new municipality of Åsane. The split left Hamre with a population of 2,914. On 1 July 1914 a part of western Hamre with 622 inhabitants was transferred to Åsane. The spelling of the name was changed from "Hammer" to "Hamre" by a royal resolution in 1915.[3]

During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1964 the municipality of Hamre was dissolved and its lands were split up as follows:[3]

Government

Municipal council

The municipal council (Heradsstyre) of Hamre was made up of 17 representatives that were elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the final municipal council was as follows:

Hamre Heradsstyre 1960–1963 [4]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)17
Total number of members:17
Hamre Heradsstyre 1956–1959 [5]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)17
Total number of members:17
Hamre Heradsstyre 1952–1955 [6]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)16
Total number of members:16
Hamre Heradsstyre 1948–1951 [7]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)16
Total number of members:16
Hamre Heradsstyre 1945–1947 [8]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)1
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgarlege Felleslister)8
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)7
Total number of members:16
Hamre Heradsstyre 1938–1941* [9]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)10
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)4
Total number of members:16
Note: Due to the German occupation of Norway during World War II, no elections were held for new municipal councils until after the war ended in 1945.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ Store norske leksikon. "Hamre – tidl. kommune i Hordaland" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2014-04-21.
  3. ^ a b Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  4. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1959" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1960. Retrieved 2020-02-16.
  5. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1955" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1957. Retrieved 2020-02-16.
  6. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1951" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1952. Retrieved 2020-02-16.
  7. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1947" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1948. Retrieved 2020-02-16.
  8. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1945" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1947. Retrieved 2020-02-16.
  9. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1937" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1938. Retrieved 2020-05-16.