This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in German. (June 2022) Click [show] for important translation instructions. View a machine-translated version of the German article. Machine translation like DeepL or Google Translate is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Consider adding a topic to this template: there are already 9,568 articles in the main category, and specifying|topic= will aid in categorization. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing German Wikipedia article at [[:de:Hans-Ulrich Klose]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated|de|Hans-Ulrich Klose)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
Hans-Ulrich Klose
Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F055059-0030, Köln, SPD-Parteitag, Klose.jpg
Chair of the Foreign Affairs Committee
In office
26 October 1998 – 17 October 2002
DeputyCarl-Dieter Spranger
Preceded byKarl-Heinz Hornhues
Succeeded byVolker Rühe
Vice President of the Bundestag
In office
10 November 1994 – 26 October 1998
PresidentRita Süssmuth
Preceded byRenate Schmidt
Succeeded byAnke Fuchs
Leader of the Social Democratic Party in the Bundestag
In office
12 November 1991 – 10 November 1994
Chief WhipPeter Struck
Preceded byHans-Jochen Vogel
Succeeded byRudolf Scharping
First Mayor of Hamburg
In office
12 November 1974 – 25 May 1981
PresidentWalter Scheel
Karl Carstens
ChancellorHelmut Schmidt
Second MayorDieter Biallas
Helga Elstner
Preceded byPeter Schulz
Succeeded byKlaus von Dohnanyi
Hamburg Senator for the Interior
In office
10 October 1973 – 12 November 1974
First MayorPeter Schulz
Preceded byHeinz Ruhnau
Succeeded byWerner Staak
Member of the Bundestag
for Hamburg-Bergedorf-Harburg
In office
22 September 2002 – 22 September 2013
Preceded byConstituency created
Succeeded byMetin Hakverdi
Member of the Bundestag
for Hamburg-Harburg
In office
6 March 1983 – 22 September 2002
Preceded byHerbert Wehner
Succeeded byConstituency abolished
Personal details
Born (1937-06-14) 14 June 1937 (age 85)
Breslau
(now Poland)
CitizenshipGerman
Nationality Germany
Political partySPD
Alma materUniversity of Hamburg

Hans-Ulrich Klose (born 14 June 1937) is a German politician from the Social Democratic Party and a former member of the German Federal parliament (German: Bundestag). Klose was the First Mayor (German: Erster Bürgermeister) of the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg from 1974 up to 1981, serving as President of the Bundesrat in 1979/80.

Early life

Klose was born in Breslau (now better known under its Polish name Wrocław), Province of Lower Silesia. After the end of World War II, Klose's family fled from Breslau and moved to Bielefeld. In 1957 he received his high-school diploma and started studying law at the universities of Freiburg and Hamburg. In 1961 he passed the First, in 1965 the Second Legal State Examination, and started working as a lawyer in Hamburg.

Political career

Career in state politics

After joining the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) in 1964, Klose became a member of the Hamburg Parliament (Hamburgische Bürgerschaft) in 1970, where he was vice chairman of his faction. Two years later he became first chairman of the SPD parliamentary group. In October 1973, Klose succeeded Heinz Ruhnau as minister of the interior of Hamburg.

Only a year later, on 12 November 1974, Klose became First Mayor (Erster Bürgermeister) of the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg at the age of 37. At the time, he was widely regarded as a leading figure in the left wing of the party.[1] After a party internal argument about the construction of the Brokdorf Nuclear Power Plant, he resigned from his office on 25 May 1981.

Member of the German Parliament, 1983–2013

In the 1983 elections, Klose was elected as a member of the German Parliament, the Bundestag, for the SPD. In this position, he succeeded Herbert Wehner. From 1987 to 1991 he was treasurer of his party (German: Bundesschatzmeister), serving as part of the party’s national leadership under chairman Hans-Jochen Vogel.

From 1991 to 1994 Klose served as chairman of the SPD group in the Bundestag, and in this position also leader of the opposition; at the time, he was chosen over two better-known candidates.[2] In his role as opposition leader, he worked with his CDU/CSU counterpart Wolfgang Schäuble on establishing a majority for a landmark 1993 constitutional amendment on tightening the Germany’s asylum law, barring entry to thousands of foreigners who arrive in the country each week to seek asylum.[3]

Ahead of the 1994 elections, SPD chairman Rudolf Scharping included Klose in his shadow cabinet for the party’s campaign to unseat incumbent Helmut Kohl as Chancellor.[4] During the campaign, he served as shadow minister of defence. Following the party's defeat in the elections, Klose resigned from the group's leadership to make room for Scharping. Instead he was elected one of the vice presidents of the German Bundestag the same year.

In 1998 Klose became chairman of the Committee on Foreign Affairs. From 2002, he served as its vice president, alongside chairman Ruprecht Polenz. From January 2003 Klose also chaired the German-American Parliamentary Friendship Group. Within his parliamentary group, he served on its task force on Afghanistan and Pakistan between 2009 and 2013.

On 16 March 2010, Germany's Minister for Foreign Affairs Guido Westerwelle appointed Klose to succeed Karsten Voigt as the government's coordinator for German-American affairs, a rare case of a senior political appointment not being given to a member of the governing party .[5] He resigned from that position in 2011.

After leaving politics, Klose took up a position as senior advisor to the Robert Bosch Foundation.

Other activities

Recognition

In March 2013 the Congressional Study Group on Germany presented Klose with the inaugural International Statesmanship Award in appreciation "for his longstanding service to strengthening the US-German relationship".[11]

Personal life

Since 1992 Hans-Ulrich Klose has been married to his third wife, a physician. He has two daughters and two sons from his first two marriages.

Notes

  1. ^ WEST GERMAN PARLIAMENT SUPPORTS NATO PLAN ON MISSILE DEPLOYMENT New York Times, 27 May 1981.
  2. ^ Stephen Kinzer (15 December 1991), NEW LEADERS VIE TO SUCCEED KOHL New York Times.
  3. ^ Stephen Kinzer (27 May 1993), Bonn Parliament Votes Sharp Curb on Asylum Seekers New York Times.
  4. ^ Ferdinand Protzman (30 August 1994), German Opposition Names Shadow Cabinet in Hopes of Votes New York Times.
  5. ^ German MFA
  6. ^ Board of Trustees Archived 18 August 2018 at the Wayback Machine CARE Deutschland.
  7. ^ Members Friedrich Ebert Foundation (FES).
  8. ^ Board of Trustees Green Helmets.
  9. ^ Board of Trustees
  10. ^ Circle of Friends Progressives Zentrum.
  11. ^ "Hans-Ulrich Klose". Jewish Voice From Germany. 23 December 2014. Retrieved 24 March 2015.

References