Hardwicke

St Nicholas church, Hardwicke
Hardwicke
Hardwicke
Location within Gloucestershire
Population3,901 (2011 census)
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townGloucester
Postcode districtGL2
PoliceGloucestershire
FireGloucestershire
AmbulanceSouth Western
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Gloucestershire
51°48′50″N 2°17′5″W / 51.81389°N 2.28472°W / 51.81389; -2.28472

Hardwicke is a village on the A38 road some 7 km south of the city of Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England. Despite its proximity to Gloucester, the village comes under Stroud Council.[1][2] The population of the village taken at the United Kingdom Census 2011 was 3,901.[3]

With its name deriving from the Old English heorde wic, "herd [tending] settlement", farming is still the major industry of the parish. Hardwicke was once renowned for its cider and cheese,[2] this may have led to its survival during the battle for Gloucester in the Civil War – neither side wanted to damage a source of much appreciated sustenance.

Though there is a typical village green and pond on Green Lane, along with some of the village's oldest cottages, there was never a distinct centre to the village and other parts have a distinct "Victorian" feel. Added to this are the newer developments of the 1970s and 1980s, which have gradually become contiguous with the Quedgeley district of Gloucester to the north.

The village had three public houses, 'The Pilot' (on the Gloucester & Sharpness Canal),[4] 'The Cross Keys' (now demolished) 'The Morning Star' (now a private house, Morning Star Cottage) next door to 'The Starting Gate' (formerly 'The Morning Star', on Bristol Road (B4008)). The latter has now closed and been refitted and opened as a One Stop in 2015.[5] There is also a branch of The Royal British Legion, a village hall and a shop.[6]

In the centre of the village is the Hardwicke Parochial School, a Church of England school that teaches children from the ages of four to eleven.[7]

Hardwicke Court

Hardwicke Court has since the late 18th century been the principal Gloucestershire seat of the Lloyd-Baker family. The extant house was designed in neo-Classical style by Robert Smirke in 1817–19,[8] although it retains a canal feature from the early 18th-century gardens of the Trye family. The house and gardens are occasionally open to the public in the summer. It is a grade II* listed building.[9]

Governance

An electoral ward in the same name exists. The ward starts in the north west at Elmore, passes by Harwicke and ends in the south west at Haresfield. The total ward population taken at the 2011 census was 4,783.[10]

Religion

Saint Nicholas Church, a grade I listed building,[11] is located on Church Lane in the oldest part of the village. There are records of a chapel on the site since 1092,[12] although that may have been built over an Anglo-Saxon church foundation. The present church, founded in the 1200s, contains ancient to past lords of the manor and their families and some ancient gravestones. It boasts a fine lych gate that was built as the village war memorial. It has experienced certain restoration over the years, but still performs regular Church of England Sunday services and annual flower shows.

Sport

Hardwicke has a number of local youth football teams collectively called Hardwicke Rangers FC. The club was founded in 1990 by local parents of the village who wanted a team for their children to compete in. As of 2007, the club had over three hundred members, making it one of the largest in Gloucestershire. There are teams for different age groups that range from under 7s to under 16s. Each team plays in their corresponding age group in the Gloucester and Stroud Youth Leagues. In 2006–07, Hardwicke Rangers Youth FC entered its first girls’ team.[13]

Hardwicke Cricket Club runs several senior sides and has a successful youth section (Hawks). The club enters league and cup competitions for all teams organised by the Stroud District Cricket Association. In 2007, the senior teams were bolstered by the introduction of a 2nd XI. The club is run by committee which meets throughout the year.[14]

Media

The village has a free magazine, "Hardwicke Matters" (started in 1989), that is delivered to 2,500 households and business in the parish and beyond.[15]

Severn FM is internet broadcast from Hardwicke.[16]

Historical

Hardwicke Reformatory

Hardwicke Reformatory, established in 1852, has been claimed as the first approved school for boys in the world.[1] The local squire, T. B. Lloyd Baker, was one of its founders. The Reformatory attracted attention from other parts of Britain and the rest of the world. The boys, mainly from inner cities, were given an education and worked within the parish if they were old enough. Many of them gained honours during the First World War and a roll of honour is on display in the church. The Reformatory closed in 1922 and the building was neglected after the World War Two and was demolished in 2001.[1]

Madam's End Farm

The story of the farm is that Henry VIII was on one of his processions around the country when he came to Hardwicke late in the afternoon. His wife, Anne Boleyn, declared that she was too tired that day to face the pomp and ceremony of Henry's entry into the city of Gloucester. Thus they ended their journey for the day by imposing themselves on the farmer.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Hardwicke". stroud.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 14 December 2013. Retrieved 14 December 2013.
  2. ^ a b "Hardwicke: Introduction". British History Online. 1972. Archived from the original on 25 March 2017. Retrieved 24 March 2017.
  3. ^ "Parish population 2011". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  4. ^ "The Pilot Inn". The Pilot Inn. Archived from the original on 16 March 2019. Retrieved 23 August 2020.
  5. ^ "New village shop will open in Hardwicke after troubles". The Citizen. 3 March 2014. Archived from the original on 13 April 2014. Retrieved 13 April 2014.
  6. ^ "Hardwicke Village Hall". Hardwicke Village Hall. Archived from the original on 23 September 2019. Retrieved 23 August 2020.
  7. ^ "Hardwicke Parochial Primary School". Hardwicke Parochial Primary School. Archived from the original on 26 January 2020. Retrieved 23 August 2020.
  8. ^ page 745, A Biographical Dictionary of British Architects 1600–1840, Howard Colvin, 1978, John Murray
  9. ^ Historic England. "HARDWICKE COURT (1090815)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 9 August 2014.
  10. ^ "Ward population 2011". UK Census Data. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  11. ^ Historic England. "CHURCH OF ST NICHOLAS (1340591)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 9 August 2014.
  12. ^ "Hardwicke: Church". British History Online. Archived from the original on 25 March 2017. Retrieved 24 March 2017.
  13. ^ "Our History". Hardwicke Rangers YFC. Archived from the original on 1 September 2018. Retrieved 23 August 2020.
  14. ^ "Quedgeley and Hardwicke Cricket Club". Play Cricket. Archived from the original on 28 July 2019. Retrieved 23 August 2020.
  15. ^ "Hardwicke Matters". Hardwicke Matters. Archived from the original on 25 March 2017. Retrieved 24 March 2017.
  16. ^ "Severn FM". ipDTL. Archived from the original on 23 August 2020. Retrieved 23 August 2020.

Coordinates: 51°48′50″N 2°17′5″W / 51.81389°N 2.28472°W / 51.81389; -2.28472