Harland Bradley Howe
Harland B. Howe.jpg
From 1916's Analyzing Character
Senior Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Vermont
In office
January 31, 1940 – July 31, 1945
Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Vermont
In office
February 22, 1915 – January 31, 1940
Appointed byWoodrow Wilson
Preceded byJames Loren Martin
Succeeded byJames Patrick Leamy
Member of the Vermont House of Representatives from St. Johnsbury
In office
Preceded byHarry H. Carr
Succeeded byCharles A. Calderwood
Personal details
Harland Bradley Howe

(1873-02-19)February 19, 1873
St. Johnsbury, Vermont
DiedApril 22, 1946(1946-04-22) (aged 73)
Burlington, Vermont
Resting placeSt. Johnsbury Center Cemetery,
St. Johnsbury, Vermont
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)Maybelle Jane Kelsey (m. 1900-1916, her death)
Elizabeth Crump Johnson (m. 1931-1946, his death)
EducationUniversity of Michigan Law School (LL.B.)

Harland Bradley Howe (February 19, 1873 – April 22, 1946) was a United States district judge of the United States District Court for the District of Vermont.

Education and career

Howe was born in St. Johnsbury, Vermont, on February 19, 1873, the son of Worcester C. Howe and Rosaline (Bradley) Howe.[1] He was educated in Caledonia County, Vermont, and graduated from Lyndon Institute.[1] Originally trained as a harness maker, he contracted polio which left him unable to perform such demanding physical labor.[1] He began to study law with an attorney in Lyndonville and afterwards attended the University of Michigan Law School.[1] Unable to continue his studies after the first year because his funds were exhausted, he returned to Vermont and set up a collection agency in the law offices of Henry C. Bates, and the fees he earned enabled him to return to school.[1] Howe received a Bachelor of Laws from the University of Michigan Law School in 1894, passed the bar and became an attorney.[2] He was in private practice in St. Johnsbury from 1894 to 1915.[3] A Democrat, in 1904, he was an unsuccessful candidate for the United States House of Representatives, losing to Kittredge Haskins.[4] He was a member of the Vermont House of Representatives in 1908. In 1912 and 1914 he was the unsuccessful Democratic candidate for Governor of Vermont, losing to Allen M. Fletcher and Charles W. Gates.[5][6]

Federal judicial service

Howe was nominated by President Woodrow Wilson on February 19, 1915, to a seat on the United States District Court for the District of Vermont vacated by Judge James L. Martin.[2] He was confirmed by the United States Senate on February 22, 1915, and received his commission the same day.[2] He assumed senior status due to a certified disability on January 31, 1940.[2] His service terminated on July 31, 1945, due to his retirement.[2] He resided in Burlington during his service and remained in Burlington after his retirement.[7]


In 1900, Howe married Maybelle Jane Kelsey (1878–1916).[8][9] In 1931, he married Elizabeth Crump Johnson (1880–1952).[10][11] Howe was the father of four daughters.[10][12]


Howe died in Burlington on April 22, 1946, and was buried at St. Johnsbury Center Cemetery (also known as Centervale Cemetery).[13]


Howe received an honorary LL.D. from Norwich University in 1930.[14]


  1. ^ a b c d e Jeffrey, William Hartley (1904). Successful Vermonters: A Modern Gazetteer of Caledonia, Essex, and Orleans Counties. East Burke, VT: The Historical Publishing Company. p. 54 – via Google Books.
  2. ^ a b c d e Harland Bradley Howe at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
  3. ^ Bigelow, Walter J. (12 March 2019). "Vermont, Its Government". Historical Publishing Company. p. 11 – via Google Books.
  4. ^ "United States Congressional serial set". United States Government Printing Office. 12 March 2019. pp. 121–122 – via Google Books.
  5. ^ The Protectionist. Home Market Club. 1912. p. 356 – via Internet Archive. Harland B Howe governor.
  6. ^ "The World Almanac & Book of Facts". Press Publishing Company (The New York World). 12 March 2019. p. 805 – via Google Books.
  7. ^ "Judge Howe Funeral for Tomorrow". Barre Daily Times. Barre, VT. April 23, 1946. p. 1 – via Newspapers.com.
  8. ^ Vermont Vital Records, 1720-1908, marriage record for Harland B. Howe and Maybelle J. Kelsey, retrieved March 4, 2014
  9. ^ Vermont Death Records, 1909-2008, entry for Maybelle J. Kelsey Howe, retrieved March 4, 2014
  10. ^ a b "Judges of the United States". Published under the auspice of the Bicentennial Committee of the Judicial Conference of the U.S. 12 March 1983. p. 234 – via Google Books.
  11. ^ Vermont Death Records, 1909-2008, entry for Elizabeth C. Howe, retrieved March 4, 2014
  12. ^ Dodge, Prentiss Cutler (1912). Encyclopedia of Vermont Biography. Burlington, VT: Ullery Publishing Company. p. 229. howe harland b Josephine, Jane, Matilda and Harriet daughters.
  13. ^ Vermont Death Records, 1909-2008, entry for Harland Bradley Howe, retrieved March 4, 2014
  14. ^ "The Michigan Alumnus". UM Libraries. 12 March 2019. p. 76 – via Google Books.
Party political offices Preceded byCharles D. Watson Democratic nominee for Governor of Vermont 1912, 1914 Succeeded byWilliam B. Mayo Legal offices Preceded byJames Loren Martin Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Vermont 1915–1940 Succeeded byJames Patrick Leamy