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Harra es-Sawad
Shuqra Volcanic Field[1]
Highest point
Elevation1,737 m (5,699 ft)
CoordinatesCoordinates: 13°34′48″N 46°07′12″E / 13.5800°N 46.1200°E / 13.5800; 46.1200
LocationYemen Yemen
Mountain typeVolcanic Field
Last eruption1253

Harra es-Sawad, or the "Shuqra Volcanic Field",[1] is a large trachybasaltic volcanic field that runs along the Gulf of Aden. Nearby is the city of Shuqrah.[2][3]


The field stretches for around 100 km (62 mi), contains around 100 volcanic cones, and is orientated on a WSW-ENE line. This has produced a 40 km × 95 km (25 mi × 59 mi) lava field, which is mostly Holocene in age, and covers faulted basement limestone. Many of the fields cones are young and uneroded.[1][2][3]


The only eruption that has been noted in historical times occurred in 1253. This eruption was a large VEI 3 eruption, although it was poorly documented. Given the age of the field, other eruptions may have occurred in the recent past.[2]

See also


  1. ^ a b c Cox, K. G.; Gass, I. G.; Mallick, D. I. J. (1977-07-15). "Western Part of Shuqra volcanic field, South Yemen". Lithos. 10 (3): 185–192. doi:10.1016/0024-4937(77)90046-9.
  2. ^ a b c "Harra es- Sawâd". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2021-06-25.
  3. ^ a b Neumann van Padang, Maur (1963), Catalogue of the active volcanoes and solfatara fields of Arabia and the Indian Ocean, vol. 16, Rome: IAVCEI, pp. 1–64, OCLC 886615186