Harry Secombe
Born
Harry Donald Secombe

(1921-09-08)8 September 1921
Died11 April 2001(2001-04-11) (aged 79)
NationalityWelsh
Occupation(s)Singer, actor, comedian
Years active1951-2001
TelevisionThe Goon Show
Highway
SpouseMyra Atherton (1948-2001)
ChildrenJennifer, Andy, David and Katy
Parent(s)Frederick Secombe
Nellie (née Davies)
RelativesFred Secombe (brother)

Sir Harry Donald Secombe, CBE (8 September 1921 – 11 April 2001) was a Welsh entertainer with a talent for comedy and a noted fine tenor singing voice. He is best known for playing Neddie Seagoon, the central character in the BBC radio comedy series The Goon Show (1951–60). He also appeared in musicals and, in his later years, was a prominent presenter of television shows incorporating hymns and other devotional songs.

Early life

Secombe was born in a council house in the St Thomas district of Swansea, the third of four children of Nellie Jane Gladys (née Davies), a shop manageress, and Frederick Ernest Secombe, a grocer.[1][2][3][4] From the age of 11 he attended Dynevor School, a state secondary school in central Swansea.

His family were regular church-goers, belonging to the congregation of St Stephen's Church in Danygraig. A member of the choir, Secombe would - from the age of 12 - perform a sketch entitled The Welsh Courtship at church socials, acting as "feed" to his sister Carol. His elder brother, Fred Secombe, was the author of several books about his experiences as an Anglican priest and rector.

British Army

After leaving school in 1937, Secombe became a pay clerk at Baldwin's store. With war looming decided in 1938 that he would join the Territorial Army. Very short sighted, he got a friend to tell him the sight test, and then learnt it off by heart. Serving as a Lance Bombardier in No.132 Field Regiment of the Royal Artillery. He would refer to the unit in which he served during World War II in the North African Campaign, Sicily, and Italy, as "The Five-Mile Snipers".[5]

During the North Africa campaign, Secombe met fellow Goon Spike Milligan, who had lost a gun over a cliff. After the capture of Tunis, the regiment moved to Italy, where Secombe joined the entertainment party.[5]

When Secombe visited the Falklands to entertain the troops after the 1982 war in the islands, his old regiment promoted him to the rank of sergeant – 37 years after he had been demobbed.[5]

As an entertainer

Secombe joined the cast of the Windmill Theatre in 1946, using a routine he had made up in Italy about how people shaved. Secombe always claimed that his ability to sing could always be counted on to save him when he bombed. Both Milligan and Sellers credited him with keeping the act on the bill when club owners had wanted to sack them.[citation needed]

After a regional touring career, his first break came in radio when he was chosen as resident comedian for the Welsh series Welsh Rarebit, followed by appearances on Variety Bandbox and a regular role in Educating Archie.

Secombe met Michael Bentine at the Windmill Theatre, and was introduced to Peter Sellers by his agent Jimmy Grafton. Together with Spike Milligan, the four wrote a comedy radio script entitled Crazy People. Produced by the BBC's Peter Ross, this was eventually to turn into The Goon Show. First broadcast on 28 May 1951, the show remained on the air until 1960. Secombe was notable for playing Neddie Seagoon, the focus of many of the show's absurd plots.[5]

While the success of The Goon Show meant that he needed to do no other work, Secombe continued to develop a dual career as both a comedy actor and a singer. At the beginning of his career as an entertainer, his act would end with a joke version of the duet Sweethearts, in which he sang both the baritone and falsetto parts. Trained under Italian maestro Manlio di Veroli, he emerged as a bel canto tenor (characteristically, he insisted that in his case this meant "can belto") and had a long list of best-selling record albums to his credit.[5]

In 1958 he appeared in the film Jet Storm, which starred Dame Sybil Thorndike and Sir Richard Attenborough and in the same year Secombe starred in the title role in Davy, one of Ealing Studios' final films.[5]

The power of his voice allowed Secombe to appear in many stage musicals. This included 1963's Pickwick, based on Dickens' The Pickwick Papers, which gave him the number eighteen hit single "If I Ruled the World" - his later signature tune. In 1965 the show was produced on tour in the United States, where on Broadway he garnered a nomination for a Tony Award for Best Actor in a Musical.[5] He also appeared in 1967's The Four Musketeers, as Mr. Bumble in Carol Reed's 1968 film of Lionel Bart's Oliver!, and in the Envy segment of The Magnificent Seven Deadly Sins.

He would go on to star in his own show, The Harry Secombe Show, which debuted on Christmas Day 1968 on BBC One and ran for thirty one episodes until 1973. A sketch comedy show featuring Julian Orchard as Secombe's regular sidekick, the series also featured guest appearances by fellow Goon Spike Milligan as well as leading performers of the time such as Ronnie Barker and Arthur Lowe. Secombe later starred in similar vehicles such as Sing a Song of Secombe and ITV's Secombe with Music during the 1970s.[6]

Later career

Later in life, Secombe (whose brother Fred Secombe was a priest in the Church in Wales, part of the Anglican Communion) attracted new audiences as a presenter of religious programmes, such as the BBC's Songs of Praise and ITV's Highway. He was also a special programming consultant to Harlech Television.[7] and hosted a Thames Television programme in 1979 entitled Cross on the Donkey's Back.

In 1990, he was one of the few celebrities to be honoured by a second appearance on This Is Your Life, having had a first programme produced in 1958.[5]

Honours

A blue plaque commemorating Secombe.

He was knighted in 1981, and jokingly referred to himself as Sir Cumference (in recognition of his rotund figure). The motto he chose for his coat of arms was "GO ON", a reference to goon.

Later life and death

Secombe suffered from peritonitis in 1980.[8] He had a stroke in 1997, from which he made a slow recovery. He was then diagnosed with prostate cancer in September 1998. After suffering a second stroke in 1999, he was forced to abandon his television career, but made a documentary about his condition in the hope of giving encouragement to other sufferers.[9] Secombe had diabetes in the latter part of his life.

Secombe died on 11 April 2001 at the age of 79, from prostate cancer, in hospital in Guildford, Surrey.[10] His ashes are interred at the parish church of Shamley Green, and a later memorial service to celebrate his life was held at Westminster Abbey on 26 October 2001. As well as family members and friends, the service was also attended by Charles, Prince of Wales and representatives of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, Anne, Princess Royal, Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon and Prince Edward, Duke of Kent. On his tombstone is the inscription: "To know him was to love him."

The Secombe Theatre at Sutton, London bears his name in memory of this former local personality. He is also fondly remembered at the London Welsh Centre, where he opened the bar on St Patrick's Day (17 March) 1971.[11]

Family

Secombe met Myra Atherton at the Mumbles dance hall. The couple were married from 1948 until his death, and had four children:

Selected works

Singles

Albums

Books

Selected filmography

Year Title Role Director Co-stars Notes
1952 Down Among the Z Men Harry Jones Maclean Rogers
1953 Forces' Sweetheart Harry Llewellyn Maclean Rogers
1968 Oliver! Mr. Bumble Carol Reed
1969 The Bed-Sitting Room Shelter Man Richard Lester
1970 Doctor in Trouble Llewellyn Wendover Ralph Thomas
1970 Song of Norway Bioernstjerne Bjoernson Andrew L. Stone
1972 Sunstruck Stanley Evans James Gilbert

References

  1. ^ BBC - South West Wales - Hall of Fame
  2. ^ Sir Harry Secombe: 1921-2001: I married him, christened and wed his kids. Now I must do this last one.. lay him to rest; VICAR FRED FACES TEARS AT FUNERAL OFBROTHER.(News) - T...
  3. ^ Secombe, Harry (1989). Arias & raspberries: the autobiography of Harry Secombe. 'The raspberry years'., Volume 1. Robson. p. 21. ISBN 0-86051-624-5. ((cite book)): Cite has empty unknown parameters: |coauthors= and |month= (help)
  4. ^ Gale, Steven H. (1995). Encyclopedia of British humorists. Taylor & Francis. p. 926. ISBN 0-8240-5990-5. ((cite book)): Cite has empty unknown parameters: |coauthors= and |month= (help)
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h "Sir Harry Secombe". BBC Wales. Retrieved 2 March 2009.
  6. ^ Jack Kibble-White & Steve Williams, The Encyclopedia of Classic Saturday Night Telly, London: 2007, pp 158-9
  7. ^ a b "Sir Harry Secombe dies". The Guardian. 11 April 2001. Retrieved 4 June 2006.
  8. ^ The Unforgettable
  9. ^ "Television Heaven: Harry Secombe". Archived from the original on 18 November 2005. Retrieved 12 February 2006.
  10. ^ Goon star Sir Harry Secombe dies aged 79
  11. ^ "History: London Welsh Centre". London Welsh Centre website. London Welsh Centre. 2009. Retrieved 4 February 2011. ((cite web)): Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  12. ^ Guinness Book of British Hit Singles, 7th ed., 1989
  13. ^ Guinness Book of British Hit Albums 1st ed., 1983 ISBN 0-85112-246-9

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