Harry Waldo Warner (4 January 1874 - 1 June 1945) was an English viola player and composer, one of the founding members of the London String Quartet and a several times Cobbett Award winner for his chamber music.

Early life

Born in Northampton (at 57 Grafton Street)[1] Warner studied from the age of 14 at the Guildhall School of Music under Alfred Gibson for violin and Orlando Morgan for composition, later becoming a professor there. After giving some violin recitals he concentrated on the viola.

The London String Quartet

In 1908 Charles Warwick-Evans (1885-1974) was leader of the Queen's Hall cellos and Warner was first viola in Thomas Beecham's New Symphony Orchestra. Warwick-Evans formed the idea of a string quartet worked up to the standard of a solo virtuoso, and approached Warner.[2] He was enthusiastic, and then Thomas W. Petre (second violin) was found and finally Albert Sammons, the new Concertmaster of Beecham's orchestra, was asked to lead the quartet.

The London String Quartet in 1925 - Waldo Warner is second from left

They rehearsed four times a week for nearly two years before giving their first concert, on 26 January 1910, at the Bechstein Hall, as the 'New' Quartet, playing Dohnányi in D flat, Tchaikovsky in D, and the Fantasy Quartet No 1 by Warner. Reviews were excellent. The second concert was in June 1910, of Debussy in G minor, Beethoven Op. 59 no. 1, and a Fantasy of Balfour Gardiner's. Warwick-Evans suggested the name 'London String Quartet' and in 1911 it was adopted.[3]

The quartet gave concerts mainly in the UK but travelled to Amsterdam and Paris, with a repertoire extending from the classical period to contemporary works – including Verklärte Nacht in the presence of the composer.[4] Warner also played in the first performance in England of Debussy's Sonata for flute, viola and harp (at an otherwise London String Quartet concert) on 2 February 1917 at the Aeolian Hall, which may have been its first public performance anywhere.[5] Warner retired from the Quartet in 1929 for health reasons, and William Primrose took his place.[6]


Warner composed his first opera while still a student, but established himself as a composer by writing a number of "Phantasie" works - the single movement genre specifically defined for William Cobbett's chamber music competitions. The first was his String Quartet, op 12, which won fifth place in the first Cobbett competition of 1906. This was followed by his early piano trio in 1907. The Folk Song Fantasy Quartet, op 18, based on a folk melody from Berkshire, achieved some level of popularity after the war, having won first prize in the 1917 Cobbett competition. According to Herbert Antcliffe writing in 1920 the work "is probably heard more frequently than any other chamber work by a young British composer, and is popular in the fullest and best sense of the term".[7]

A performance of the Folk Song Fantasy by the London Quartet on September 24, 1920, along with Frank Bridge's String Quartet No 1 in E minor, was attended by the American patron of arts Elizabeth Sprague Coolidge.[8] It was probably her first hearing of Bridge's music, whose work she supported financially for the rest of his life. But she also became a champion of Warner, whose Trio for piano, violin and cello in A minor went on to win first prize at Mrs Coolidge's 1921 chamber music competition in Pittsfield, Massachusetts.[9] The prize was a thousand dollars.[2] The Trio, which was subsequently published by Ricordi, has been recorded by Trio Anima Mundi.[10] The three movement piece "shows great vigour and metrical flexibility, both pungent and elegant, and with hints of both French models and of then-popular chinoiserie".[11]

There are two other later published works for string quartet: The Pixy Ring (String Quartet No 5), each movement being concerned with fairy lore; and the Suite in Olden Style op 34 (String Quartet No 6).[12] Warner also adapted Stanford's Clarinet Concerto op 129 for the viola.[13]

Beyond chamber music, Warner also wrote orchestral suites, most notably the Three Elfin Dances (1905), performed twice at the BBC Proms in 1917 and 1924,[14] subsequently broadcast on BBC radio on several occasions,[15] and The Broad Highway: Sketches from a Tramp's Diary. The tone poem Hampton Wick, op. 38, based on a text he wrote himself under the pen-name 'Onslow Frampton', was an unlikely prize winner at the 1932 Hollywood Bowl Competition.[16] It was first performed by the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra two years later.[17] A Suite in D minor, op 58 with viola soloist has been orchestrated by Tim Seddon from a viola and piano manuscript that was in the collection of Lionel Tertis and passed on to his pupil Harry Danks.[18] There are also two comic operas written early in his career, The Royal Vagrants: a story of conscientious objection (1899)[19] and Cupid’s Market, as well as many songs for solo and chorus.[10]

Personal life

In 1896 Warner married the professional model Rose Amy Pettigrew (1872-1958), who from an early age had sat for artists including William Holman Hunt, Frederic Leighton, John Everett Millais, John Singer Sargent, Walter Sickert, Philip Wilson Steer and (especially) James McNeill Whistler.[20] After her marriage she retired from modelling. They lived in Chiswick. There was one child, Onslow Boyden Waldo Warner (1902-1988), who also studied at Guildhall. Under the name Ken Warner he became well-known as a dance band player (saxophone and violin, with Peter Yorke and Fred Hartley), and from 1940 at the BBC as an arranger and composer of light music.[21]

Harry Waldo Warner died in 1945, survived by his wife. Rose completed her memoirs two years later.[22][23]


  1. ^ Ancestry.co.uk
  2. ^ a b 'British Players and Singers – vii: The London String Quartet, Musical Times 1 August 1922
  3. ^ Acoustic Chamber Music Sets (1899–1926): A Discography, by Frank Forman Archived 7 July 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Potter Tully, "Britain's early chamber ambassadors", Classical Recordings Quarterly, Autumn 2010, p12-20.
  5. ^ Musical Times, October 1968, p 914
  6. ^ Woolf, Jonathan. 'The London String Quartet: 1917-1951 Recordings', Decca box set (2011), reviewed at MusicWeb International
  7. ^ Antcliffe, Herbert. "The Recent Rise of Chamber Music in England", in Musical Quarterly, Vol 6 No 1, January 1920, p 18
  8. ^ Banfield, Stephen. "Too Much of Albion"?: Mrs Coolidge and her British Connections, in American Music, Vol 4 No 1 (Spring 1986)
  9. ^ New York Times, 1 October, 1921, Section A, p 22
  10. ^ a b Divine Art: Harry Waldo Warner Recordings
  11. ^ 'English Piano Trios', reviewed by MusicWeb International
  12. ^ Bruno Aulich and Ernst Heimeran, The Well-Tempered String Quartet (Translation by D Millar Craig), Revised enlarged edition (Novello, Sevenoaks 1951), p.125).
  13. ^ The Stanford Legacy, CD. Nimbus NI 6334 (2016)
  14. ^ BBC Proms archive
  15. ^ Radio Times, Issue 489, 12 February 1933, p 31
  16. ^ Barnfield, Paul. Old Hampton Wick poem - fascinating new information revealed, Hampton Wick Association, 2017
  17. ^ The Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra Year Book (no date), p.16-17
  18. ^ Dutton Epoch - July 2016
  19. ^ Griffel, Margaret Ross. Opera in English: A Dictionary (2012)
  20. ^ University of Glasgow. 'Rose Amy Pettigrew' in The Correspondence of James McNeill Whistler
  21. ^ Ken Warner biography, Naxos
  22. ^ Jiminez, Jill Burk. Dictionary of Artists' Models (2013), p 422
  23. ^ Memoirs, Glasgow University Library Special Collections, D.S. MacColl Papers, P/64)