Hart County
Hart County Courthouse in Munfordville
Hart County Courthouse in Munfordville
Map of Kentucky highlighting Hart County
Location within the U.S. state of Kentucky
Map of the United States highlighting Kentucky
Kentucky's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 37°17′N 85°53′W / 37.29°N 85.89°W / 37.29; -85.89
Country United States
State Kentucky
Founded1819
Named forNathaniel G. S. Hart
SeatMunfordville
Largest cityHorse Cave
Area
 • Total418 sq mi (1,080 km2)
 • Land412 sq mi (1,070 km2)
 • Water5.8 sq mi (15 km2)  1.4%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total19,288 Increase
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district2nd
Websitewww.hartcountyky.org

Hart County is a county located in the south central portion of the Commonwealth of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 18,199.[1] Its county seat is Munfordville.[2] Hart County is a prohibition or dry county.

History

Hart County was formed in 1819 from portions of Hardin and Barren counties.[3] The county is named for Captain Nathaniel G. S. Hart, a Kentucky militia officer in the War of 1812 who was wounded at the Battle of Frenchtown and died in the Massacre of the River Raisin.[4][5]

The Battle of Munfordville, a Confederate victory, was fought in the county in 1862, during the American Civil War.

A courthouse fire in January, 1928 resulted in the loss of some county records.[6]

In 1989 the Amish settlement near Munfordville was founded. It has ties to the Geauga Amish settlement in Ohio, from where many of the Munfordville Amish came. It is the fastest growing Amish settlement in America and had 14 church districts and a total population of about 1,800 people as of 2013.[7][8]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 418 square miles (1,080 km2), of which 412 square miles (1,070 km2) is land and 5.8 square miles (15 km2) (1.4%) is water.[9]

Fauna

A female wolf shot in 2013 in Hart County by a hunter was the first gray wolf seen in Kentucky in modern times.[10]

Adjacent counties

Natural features

A portion of Mammoth Cave National Park and the cave for which it is named is located in western Hart County.

The Fisher Ridge Cave System is located in Hart County. As of 2018 it has been mapped to a length of 125 miles (201 km) and is the fifth-longest cave in the United States and the tenth-longest cave in the world.[11][12]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18204,184
18305,19124.1%
18407,03135.4%
18509,09329.3%
186010,34813.8%
187013,68732.3%
188017,13325.2%
189016,439−4.1%
190018,39011.9%
191018,173−1.2%
192018,5442.0%
193016,169−12.8%
194017,2396.6%
195015,321−11.1%
196014,119−7.8%
197013,980−1.0%
198015,40210.2%
199014,890−3.3%
200017,44517.2%
201018,1994.3%
202019,2886.0%
2021 (est.)19,4600.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]
1790-1960[14] 1900-1990[15]
1990-2000[16] 2010-2021[1] 2018[17]

As of the census[18] of 2000, there were 17,445 people, 6,769 households, and 4,812 families residing in the county. The population density was 42 per square mile (16/km2). There were 8,045 housing units at an average density of 19 per square mile (7.3/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 92.58% White, 6.20% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.11% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, and 0.69% from two or more races. 0.86% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 6,769 households, out of which 32.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.80% were married couples living together, 10.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.90% were non-families. 25.30% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 25.70% under the age of 18, 8.60% from 18 to 24, 28.20% from 25 to 44, 23.50% from 45 to 64, and 13.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 96.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $25,378, and the median income for a family was $31,746. Males had a median income of $26,994 versus $19,418 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,495. About 18.60% of families and 22.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.40% of those under age 18 and 22.00% of those age 65 or over.

Amish settlement

The Amish settlement in Hart County mainly between Munfordville and Horse Cave was founded in 1989. It has ties to the Geauga Amish settlement in Ohio, from where many of the Hart County Amish came. It is the fastest-growing Amish settlement in America and had 14 church districts and a total population of about 1,800 as of 2013.[7][8]

Communities

Cities

Census-designated place

Other unincorporated places

Politics

Federal

In the U.S House of Representatives, Hart County is represented by Brett Guthrie (R) of the second district.[19]

In presidential elections, Hart County was a swing county up until the 21st century. After that, they have shifted heavily towards the Republican Party. The last Democratic Party presidential candidate to carry the county was Bill Clinton in 1992.

United States presidential election results for Hart County, Kentucky[20]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 6,345 75.81% 1,908 22.80% 117 1.40%
2016 5,320 73.24% 1,730 23.82% 214 2.95%
2012 4,257 64.29% 2,283 34.48% 82 1.24%
2008 4,397 64.49% 2,290 33.59% 131 1.92%
2004 4,269 62.93% 2,470 36.41% 45 0.66%
2000 3,725 61.89% 2,201 36.57% 93 1.55%
1996 2,701 46.91% 2,527 43.89% 530 9.20%
1992 2,401 40.99% 2,852 48.69% 605 10.33%
1988 2,927 53.53% 2,519 46.07% 22 0.40%
1984 3,065 57.06% 2,278 42.41% 29 0.54%
1980 3,129 50.44% 3,005 48.44% 70 1.13%
1976 2,013 38.39% 3,189 60.81% 42 0.80%
1972 3,582 60.31% 2,307 38.84% 50 0.84%
1968 2,817 51.37% 1,658 30.23% 1,009 18.40%
1964 1,961 37.03% 3,313 62.57% 21 0.40%
1960 3,610 53.57% 3,129 46.43% 0 0.00%
1956 3,276 50.35% 3,207 49.29% 23 0.35%
1952 2,934 49.70% 2,952 50.01% 17 0.29%
1948 2,311 46.93% 2,495 50.67% 118 2.40%
1944 3,014 48.91% 3,138 50.93% 10 0.16%
1940 2,866 46.56% 3,280 53.29% 9 0.15%
1936 3,147 48.33% 3,341 51.31% 23 0.35%
1932 2,601 39.16% 4,008 60.34% 33 0.50%
1928 3,480 59.66% 2,339 40.10% 14 0.24%
1924 2,736 48.08% 2,862 50.29% 93 1.63%
1920 3,264 51.70% 2,972 47.08% 77 1.22%
1916 2,031 49.12% 2,048 49.53% 56 1.35%
1912 592 16.01% 1,674 45.28% 1,431 38.71%


State

In the Kentucky State Senate, all of Hart county is located in the 5th district. It is represented by Stephen Meredith.[21]

In the Kentucky house of representatives all of Hart county is located in the 5th district. It is represented by Bart Rowland.[22]

Education

School districts include:[23]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved March 8, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Rennick, Robert M. (1987). Kentucky Place Names. University Press of Kentucky. p. 133. ISBN 0813126312. Retrieved April 28, 2013.
  4. ^ The Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society, Volume 1. Kentucky State Historical Society. 1903. pp. 35.
  5. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 151.
  6. ^ Hogan, Roseann Reinemuth (1992). Kentucky Ancestry: A Guide to Genealogical and Historical Research. Ancestry Publishing. p. 249. ISBN 9780916489496. Retrieved July 26, 2013.
  7. ^ a b Joseph F. Donnermeyer and David Luthy: Amish Settlements across America: 2013, page 114.
  8. ^ a b "Munfordville" at amishamerica.com.
  9. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on August 12, 2014. Retrieved August 16, 2014.
  10. ^ Russ McSpadden (August 19, 2013). "Wild Wolf in Kentucky, First in 150 Years, Killed by Hunter". Earth First! News. Retrieved September 4, 2013.
  11. ^ Gulden, Bob (January 6, 2018). "USA Longest Caves". Retrieved July 24, 2018.
  12. ^ Gulden, Bob (January 7, 2018). "Worlds Longest Caves". Retrieved July 24, 2018.
  13. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 16, 2014.
  14. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 16, 2014.
  15. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 16, 2014.
  16. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 16, 2014.
  17. ^ "QuickFacts. Hart County, Kentucky". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2019.
  18. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  19. ^ "Brett Guthrie". Brett Guthrie. Retrieved July 2, 2019.
  20. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org.
  21. ^ "Legislator-Profile - Legislative Research Commission". legislature.ky.gov. Retrieved July 25, 2019.
  22. ^ "Bart Rowland". Ballotpedia. Retrieved July 2, 2019.
  23. ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Hart County, KY" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 25, 2022. - Text list - For more detailed boundaries of the independent school districts see: "Appendix B: Maps Of Independent School Districts In Operation In FY 2014-FY 2015 Using 2005 Tax District Boundaries – Caverna ISD" (PDF). Research Report No. 415 – Kentucky's Independent School Districts: A Primer. Frankfort, KY: Office of Education Accountability, Legislative Research Commission. September 15, 2015. p. 97 (PDF p. 111/174).

Coordinates: 37°17′N 85°53′W / 37.29°N 85.89°W / 37.29; -85.89