Hartford, Vermont
Location in Windsor County and the state of Vermont.
Hartford, Vermont
Hartford, Vermont
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 43°39′54″N 72°22′18″W / 43.66500°N 72.37167°W / 43.66500; -72.37167Coordinates: 43°39′54″N 72°22′18″W / 43.66500°N 72.37167°W / 43.66500; -72.37167
CountryUnited States
StateVermont
CountyWindsor
Chartered1761[1]
Area
 • Total45.9 sq mi (118.9 km2)
 • Land45.0 sq mi (116.5 km2)
 • Water0.9 sq mi (2.3 km2)
Elevation
761 ft (232 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total10,686
 • Density230/sq mi (90/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP code
05047
Area code(s)802
FIPS code50-32275[2]
GNIS feature ID1462116[3]
Websitewww.hartford-vt.org

Hartford is a town in Windsor County in the U.S. state of Vermont. It is on the New Hampshire border, at the intersection of Interstates 89 and 91. It is the site of the confluence of the White and Connecticut rivers; the Ottauquechee River also flows through the town.[4] The town is composed of five unincorporated villages: Hartford, Quechee, West Hartford, White River Junction and Wilder. As of the 2010 census, the population was 10,686.[5]

History

The community was chartered by Governor Benning Wentworth of New Hampshire in 1761,[1] and is named for Hartford, Connecticut.[6][7]

On February 5, 1887, Hartford became the site of what remains Vermont's worst railway disaster when a Vermont Central Railroad train struck a broken rail on a bridge west of town. The ensuing derailment threw the train to the frozen river below, killing 37 and injuring 50.[8]

Geography

The town of Hartford is located at 43°39′52″N 72°23′12″W / 43.66444°N 72.38667°W / 43.66444; -72.38667 (43.66444, −72.38667).[9]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 45.9 square miles (118.9 km2), of which 45.0 square miles (116.5 km2) is land and 0.89 square miles (2.3 km2), or 1.93%, is water.[10]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790988
18001,49451.2%
18101,88125.9%
18202,0106.9%
18302,0441.7%
18402,1947.3%
18502,159−1.6%
18602,39611.0%
18702,4803.5%
18802,95419.1%
18903,74026.6%
19003,8172.1%
19104,19710.0%
19204,73912.9%
19304,8883.1%
19404,9781.8%
19505,82717.1%
19606,3559.1%
19706,4771.9%
19807,96322.9%
19909,40418.1%
200010,36710.2%
20109,952−4.0%
202010,6867.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]

At the 2000 census there were 10,367 people in 4,509 households, including 2,800 families, in the town. The population density was 229.6 people per square mile (88.7/km2). There were 5,493 housing units at an average density of 121.7 per square mile (47.0/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.02% White, 0.55% African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.88% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.16% from other races, and 1.05% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.85%.[2]

Of the 4,509 households 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.8% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.9% were non-families. 30.6% of households were one person and 10.9% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.86.

The age distribution was 23.4% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 26.7% from 45 to 64, and 14.7% 65 or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.9 males.

The median household income was $42,990 and the median family income was $51,286. Males had a median income of $35,969 versus $27,073 for females. The per capita income for the town was $22,792. About 5.3% of families and 8.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.8% of those under age 18 and 4.9% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people

This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (October 2012) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

References

  1. ^ a b "Town of Hartford Vermont". Town of Hartford Vermont. Archived from the original on August 19, 2012. Retrieved October 27, 2012.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ DeLorme (1996). Vermont Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. ISBN 0-89933-016-9
  5. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Hartford town, Windsor County, Vermont". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 31, 2012.
  6. ^ "Profile for Hartford, Vermont, VT". ePodunk. Retrieved October 27, 2012.
  7. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 151.
  8. ^ Ferguson, J. A. (2013). "The Wrong Rail in the Wrong Place at the Wrong Time: The 1887 West Hartford Bridge Disaster" (PDF). Vermont Historiy Journal. 81 (1): 52–74. Retrieved 28 October 2020.
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  10. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Hartford town, Windsor County, Vermont". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 31, 2012.
  11. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 16, 2015.
  12. ^ Hiram Carleton, Genealogical and Family History of the State of Vermont, 1903, pages 216-217
  13. ^ Minnesota State Law Library-Daniel A. Dickinson Archived 2014-01-05 at the Wayback Machine
  14. ^ The Blue Book of the State of Wisconsin. 1893. p. 640.
  15. ^ "Phillips Lord". IMDb. Retrieved October 27, 2012.
  16. ^ "Obituary, Frank Gordon Mahady". Burlington Free Press. Burlington, VT. August 19, 1992. p. 12.
  17. ^ Ullery, Jacob G. (1894). Men of Vermont Illustrated. Brattleboro, VT: Transcript Publishing Company. pp. 322–323.
  18. ^ "STRONG, William, (1763-1840)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 27, 2012.
  19. ^ "Tracy, Andrew, (1797-1868)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 27, 2012.