Hartland
Town
Hartland Bridge, with Hartland in the background
Hartland Bridge, with Hartland in the background
Official seal of Hartland
Nickname: 
Home of the World's Longest Covered Bridge
Hartland is located in New Brunswick
Hartland
Hartland
Coordinates: 46°17′51″N 67°31′39″W / 46.29742°N 67.52742°W / 46.29742; -67.52742
CountryCanada
Provinces of CanadaNew Brunswick
CountyCarleton County
Founded1813
IncorporatedOctober 2, 1918
Government
 • TypeTown Council
 • MayorTracey Demerchant
 • CouncillorsMichael Walton, Stewart Fairgrieve, George Boone, Lee Patterson, Jeff Doherty. Gary Mangum
Area
 • Total9.45 km2 (3.65 sq mi)
Elevation
41 to 103 m (134 to 338 ft)
Population
 (2016)[1]
 • Total957
 • Density101.3/km2 (262/sq mi)
 • Change 2011-16
Increase 1.1%
Time zoneUTC-4 (AST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-3 (ADT)
Canadian Postal code
E7P
Area code506
Telephone Exchange375
NTS Map21J5 Florenceville
GNBC CodeDAJRT[2]
Websitehttp://www.townofhartland.ca

Hartland (2016 population: 957)[1] is a town in Carleton County, New Brunswick, Canada.

Geography

Hartland is situated on the Saint John River in the central-western portion of the province in the agricultural heartland of Carleton County.

History

See also: History of New Brunswick and List of historic places in Carleton County, New Brunswick

The first settler in the area of what would become Hartland was William Orser (b.1762) and his son William Jr.[3] William traveled there from New York with his wife and six children. His wife died of an illness and he remarried to a widow, Mary Blake, who also had six children. The pair later conceived an additional six children. The land was settled in 1797, and granted in 1809.[4]

The town was named Hartland in 1874, to honour James R. Hartley, a surveyor and MLA.[5]

It is the hometown of two of New Brunswick's premiers during the 20th century: Hugh John Flemming and Richard Hatfield. U.S. Congressmen Isaac & Samuel Stephenson and Prince Edward Island's Lieutenant-Governor Barbara Oliver Hagerman are also from Hartland. Renowned Canadian poet Alden Nowlan also lived in the town for several formative years while working for the Hartland Observer newspaper.

The town is best known for being the site of the Hartland Bridge, the longest covered bridge in the world. Originally opened on July 4, 1901, the 1,282 foot (390.75 m) bridge is a national historic site. The bridge was covered as part of major repairs in 1921, and the pedestrian walkway added in 1945.

Prior to the building of the Mactaquac Dam, Hartland was also famous for its salmon pools,[6][7] located slightly upstream of the Hartland Bridge.

Hartland is the headquarters of the North American trucking company Day & Ross, itself a subsidiary of McCain Foods, as well as home to the New Brunswick Bible Institute.

Demographics

In the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Hartland had a population of 933 living in 374 of its 390 total private dwellings, a change of -2.5% from its 2016 population of 957. With a land area of 9.5 km2 (3.7 sq mi), it had a population density of 98.2/km2 (254.4/sq mi) in 2021.[8]

Disasters

Longest covered bridge, showing pedestrian addition, with ice in the river
Longest covered bridge, showing pedestrian addition, with ice in the river

Fires

July 15, 1907

An arsonist started a fire which consumed a large part of the town.[9][10] The town was rebuilt.

October 24, 1946

The town's dehydration plant, used to dehydrate potatoes, was destroyed by fire.[11] The adjacent glucose and starch plants were also consumed.[12]

August 25, 1980

A fire destroyed many businesses on Main Street.[13]

Floods

Being built close to the Saint John River, the town is usually affected by the annual spring freshet. Ice jams threaten the Hartland Bridge,[14] it being a choke point for loose ice.

Notable people

Main article: List of people from Carleton County, New Brunswick

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "Census Profile, 2016 Census: Hartland, New Brunswick". Statistics Canada. Retrieved August 15, 2019.
  2. ^ "Hartland". Geographical Names Data Base. Natural Resources Canada.
  3. ^ Ketchum, T. C. L. (April 2008) [1922]. A Short History of Carleton County, New Brunswick. READ BOOKS. p. 61. ISBN 978-1-4086-9650-7. Retrieved 6 November 2010.
  4. ^ Barter, Samuel G. (1951). "Three". A Short History of the Orser Family. Avondale, New Brunswick.
  5. ^ Hamilton, William B. (1996). Place names of Atlantic Canada (Repr. ed.). Toronto [u.a.]: Univ. of Toronto Press. p. 83. ISBN 0802004717.
  6. ^ Kennedy, Doris E. (2009). "Hartland Salmon Pool". Hidden History of Hartland. pp. 197–210. ISBN 978-0-9813773-0-8.
  7. ^ "Gerry Perkins". Archived from the original on 15 July 2011. Retrieved 18 January 2011. With the installation of the Mactaquac Dam, it reduced the salmon fishing on the Saint John River in Hartland to nothing more than a wasted effort for the angler.
  8. ^ "Population and dwelling counts: Canada, provinces and territories, census divisions and census subdivisions (municipalities), New Brunswick". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved February 21, 2022.
  9. ^ Kennedy, Doris E. (2009). "The Fire Monday July 15, 1907". Hidden History of Hartland. pp. 20–30. ISBN 978-0-9813773-0-8.
  10. ^ "Incendiary Fire at Hartland, N.B." The Ottawa Journal. 16 Jul 1907. p. 12. Retrieved 25 December 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
  11. ^ "$300,000 Fire Wipes Out Potato Dehydration Plant". The Ottawa Journal. 25 Oct 1946. p. 24. Retrieved 25 December 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
  12. ^ Kennedy, Doris E. (2009). "The Dehydration Plant in Hartland". Hidden History of Hartland. pp. 163, 165. ISBN 978-0-9813773-0-8.
  13. ^ Kennedy, Doris E. (2009). "Fire of August 1980 - Hartland Changes for Ever". Hidden History of Hartland. pp. 170–173. ISBN 978-0-9813773-0-8.
  14. ^ Kennedy, Doris E. (2009). "Floods and Ice Jams". Hidden History of Hartland. pp. 174–178. ISBN 978-0-9813773-0-8.

Coordinates: 46°18′N 67°31′W / 46.300°N 67.517°W / 46.300; -67.517 (Hartland)