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Hasenpfeffer
TypeStew
Place of originNetherlands, Germany
Main ingredientsRabbit or hare, onions, wine

Hasenpfeffer is a traditional Dutch and German stew made from marinated rabbit or hare,[1][2] cut into stewing-meat sized pieces and braised with onions and a marinade made from wine and vinegar.[3]

Description

Hase is German for "hare" and Pfeffer is German for "pepper"[4] although in the culinary context it refers generically to the spices and seasonings in a dish overall, as with the German ginger cookies called Pfeffernüsse.[citation needed] Seasonings typically include fresh cracked black pepper or whole peppercorns, along with salt, onions, garlic, lemon, sage, thyme, rosemary, allspice, juniper berries, cloves, and bay leaf.[citation needed]

In Dutch, the term "Hazenpeper" was first attested in 1599 and also mentioned in 1778, both as 'a dish made with the meat of a hare'.[5]

In Bavaria and Austria, the cuisines of which have been influenced by neighboring Hungarian and Czech culinary traditions, hasenpfeffer can include sweet or hot paprika.[citation needed]

In the Netherlands, the dish is often made with some added ontbijtkoek (also referred to as "peperkoek") to give the stew some extra flavour and texture, whereas in Germany, ginger cookies called "Pfeffernüsse" are generally used instead.[2]

In popular culture

This article may contain irrelevant references to popular culture. Please remove the content or add citations to reliable and independent sources. (June 2024)

The 1932 Fleischer Studios cartoon Minnie the Moocher begins with Betty Boop getting into an argument with her strict immigrant parents when she will not eat the traditional hasenpfeffer, resulting in her running away from home.

The 1962 Looney Tunes short Shishkabugs features Yosemite Sam as a palace cook who is ordered by the king to prepare hasenpfeffer, but he does not know what hasenpfeffer is. Upon learning from a book of recipes that the main ingredient is rabbit, he sets about trying to capture Bugs Bunny for the dish. Hasenpfeffer is also mentioned in Big House Bunny and Bowery Bugs.

The 1963 humorous song "Hungarian Goulash No 5", by Allan Sherman, on his album My Son, the Nut, refers to various dishes and their origins, and includes the line "Hasenpfeffer comes from Pennsylvania", a joking reference to the Pennsylvania Dutch.

In the opening credits of the American sitcom Laverne & Shirley, Laverne and Shirley recite a Yiddish-American hopscotch chant: "1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. Schlemiel! Schlimazel! Hasenpfeffer Incorporated."[6][7]

In D2: The Mighty Ducks, Jan's breakfast specialty is hasenpfeffer and eggs.

In the Season 9 episode of The Office titled "Dwight Christmas", Dwight suggests having an “authentic Pennsylvania Dutch Christmas” where the office workers have glühwein and hasenpfeffer.

In the 1961 song "G.I. Blues" by Elvis Presley he sings that the American occupying soldiers in Allied-occupied Germany "get hasenpfeffer and black Pumpernickel for chow"

In the song "Don't Be the Bunny" from the 2001 musical Urinetown, Mr. Cladwell sings "Hasenpfeffer's in the air."

In the 2005 musical "25th Annual Putnam County Spelling Bee," William Barfée correctly spells the word "hasenpfeffer" in the number "Magic Foot."

See also

References

  1. ^ Sheraton, M. (2010). The German Cookbook: A Complete Guide to Mastering Authentic German Cooking. Random House Publishing Group. p. pt380. ISBN 978-0-307-75457-8. Retrieved January 12, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Hazenpeper | Traditional Stew from Netherlands". TasteAtlas.com. EU: AtlasMedia Ltd. Retrieved October 11, 2023.
  3. ^ "Hasenpfeffer (German Rabbit Stew)". Wide Open Eats. 2 June 2020. Archived from the original on 9 July 2020. Retrieved 9 July 2020.
  4. ^ South Dakota Conservation Digest. Vol. 29–31. South Dakota Department of Game, Fish and Parks. 1962. p. 20. Retrieved January 12, 2017 – via Google Books.
  5. ^ "Zoekresultaten - Hazenpeper" [Search results - Hazenpeper]. Etymologie Bank.nl (in Dutch). Archived from the original on March 8, 2022.
  6. ^ Sher, Lauren (April 26, 2012). "'Laverne & Shirley' Reunion: 5 Fun Facts From the Cast". abcnews.go.com. Retrieved November 4, 2015.
  7. ^ Nolen, J.J.; Lazor, D.; Varney, J. (2015). New German Cooking: Recipes for Classics Revisited. Chronicle Books LLC. p. 140. ISBN 978-1-4521-3648-6. Retrieved January 12, 2017.