Hashimoto
橋本市
Hashimoto City Hall
Location of Hashimoto in Wakayama Prefecture
Hashimoto
Hashimoto
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 34°19′N 135°36′E / 34.317°N 135.600°E / 34.317; 135.600Coordinates: 34°19′N 135°36′E / 34.317°N 135.600°E / 34.317; 135.600
CountryJapan
RegionKansai
PrefectureWakayama
Government
 • MayorYoshiyuki Kinoshita
Area
 • Total130.55 km2 (50.41 sq mi)
Population
 (November 30, 2021)
 • Total61,063
 • Density470/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+09:00 (JST)
City hall address1-1-1, Tōge, Hashimoto-shi, Wakayama-ken 648-8585
Websitewww.city.hashimoto.wakayama.jp
Symbols
FlowerSatsuki azalea
TreeOsmanthus and sakura
Hashimoto city center in 2012 aerial photograph
Hashimoto city center in 2012 aerial photograph

Hashimoto (橋本, Hashimoto-shi) is a city located in Wakayama Prefecture, Japan. As of 30 November 2021, the city had an estimated population of 61,063 in 27392 households and a population density of 470 persons per km².[1] The total area of the city is 130.55 square kilometres (50.41 sq mi).

Geography

Hashimoto is located near the prefectural border at the northeastern end of Wakayama Prefecture, bordering Kawachinagano in Osaka Prefecture to the north and Gojō in Nara Prefecture to the east. There are also a couple of small exclaves in the neighboring towns of Katsuragi, Wakayama and Kudoyama. Because it is close to the plate boundary on the south coast of Honshu, the mountains near Hashimoto are steep, and the city is located between the Kongō Mountains and Kisen Mountains in the north and the Kii Mountains in the south. Hashimoto is on the middle of the Kinokawa River. In addition, Hashimoto City is located directly above the Japan Median Tectonic Line, which is a large fault that runs east to west in western Japan.

Neighboring municipalities

Wakayama Prefecture

Nara Prefecture

Osaka Prefecture

Climate

Hashimoto has a Humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cool winters with light to no snowfall. The average annual temperature in Hashimoto is 13.3 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1781 mm with September as the wettest month.

Demographics

Per Japanese census data,[2] the population of Hashimoto peaked at around the year 2000 and has declined slightly since.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1920 32,483—    
1930 35,880+10.5%
1940 37,178+3.6%
1950 46,516+25.1%
1960 47,309+1.7%
1970 49,747+5.2%
1980 52,616+5.8%
1990 62,156+18.1%
2000 70,469+13.4%
2010 66,362−5.8%

History

The area of the modern city of Hashimoto was within ancient Kii Province, and artifacts from the Jōmon period indicate a long period of human occupancy. Located in the middle reaches of the Kinokawa River, it once prospered as a post town for timber transportation and for pilgrims heading to Mount Kōya. During the late Edo period and Meiji period, sericulture and silk textiles became an important part of the local economy, but has now disappeared. The village of Hashimoto was established with the creation of the modern municipalities system on April 1, 1889 and was raised to town status on May 10, 1894. On January 1, 1955 Hashimoto merged with the neighboring villages of Kishikami, Yamada, Kimi, Suda, and Kamuro to form the city of Hashimoto .On March 1, 2006, the town of Kōyaguchi (from Ito District) was merged into Hashimoto.

Government

Hashimoto has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city council of 18 members. Hashimoto contributes three members to the Wakayama Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Wakayama 2nd district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

Economy

The mainstay of the local economy is horticulture, especially that of Jpanaese persimmons and Japanese pears as well as the poultry industry. The area has traditionally been known for its Japanese white crucian carp fish farms and its textiles. As the only city in Wakayama prefecture that is included in the Osaka metropolitan area (urban employment area), and there are an increasing number of commuters, gradually transforming the area to a bedroom community.

Education

Hashimoto has 15 public elementary schools and five public middle schools operated by the city government and two public high schools and two combined public middle/high schools operated by the Wakayama Prefectural Department of Education. The city also has one private middle school and one private high school. The city also has one private combined elementary/middle school and one private combined middle/high school.

Transportation

Railway

JR WestWakayama Line

Nankai Electric RailwayNankai Kōya Line

Highway

Notable people from Hashimoto

References

  1. ^ "Hashimoto city official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
  2. ^ Hashimoto population statistics

Media related to Hashimoto, Wakayama at Wikimedia Commons