Hassan Ali Mirza
Ali Kadir (Of First Rank)
Ihtisham-ul-Mulk, Rais-ud-Daula, Amir-ul-Umara, Mahabat Jang
Young Hassan Ali.jpg
Hassan Ali Mirza wearing the mantle of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire
Nawab Bahadur of Murshidabad
Reign17 February 1882 - 25 December 1906
Coronation27 March 1883
PredecessorMansur Ali Khan as last Nawab of Bengal
SuccessorWasif Ali Mirza as Nawab of Murshidabad
Born25 August 1846
Most Probably: Hazarduari Palace, Murshidabad
Died25 December 1906(1906-12-25) (aged 60)
Burial
SpouseAmir Dulhan Kulsum un-Nisa Begum
Mariam un-Nisa Khanum
IssueSee below
Names
Sayyid Hassan Ali Mirza
Bengaliহাসান আলী মির্জা
HouseBengal, Bihar and Orissa
FatherMansur Ali Khan
MotherMehr Lekha Begum
ReligionShia Islam

Nawab Sir Sayyid Hassan Ali Mirza Khan Bahadur[1] GCIE (Bengali: হাসান আলী মির্জা; 25 August 1846 – 25 December 1906) was the eldest son of Mansur Ali Khan, the last Nawab Nazim of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa. He succeeded his father, Mansur Ali Khan, as the first Nawab Bahadur of Murshidabad as the title of Nawab Nazim of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa was abolished in 1880.[2][1] His installation ceremony was performed in the Throne Room of Hazarduari Palace on 27 March 1883 by Sir Rivers Thompson, the Lieutenant-Governor of Bengal. The sanad conferring the hereditary title of Nawab Bahadur of Murshidabad was however dated 17 February 1882.[2] At his death in 1906, he was succeeded by his son, Wasif Ali Mirza.

Early life and education

Hassan Ali (middle), and two of his sons- Wasif Ali (left) and Nasir Ali (right).
Hassan Ali (middle), and two of his sons- Wasif Ali (left) and Nasir Ali (right).

Sayyid Hassan Ali Mirza was known as Burra Sahib in his childhood and he showed signs of extraordinary intelligence. He was born on 25 August 1846 as the eldest son of Mansur Ali Khan, the last Nawab of Bengal. His mother, Mehr Lekha Begum, was the second wife of his father, and was of Habshi descent.

He received his early lessons in English, Persian and Arabic. He was educated at La Martiniere College in Lucknow. In 1865, he was sent to England to complete his education, where he was accompanied by his younger half brothers, Husain Ali Mirza Bahadur (Mujli Sahib) and Muhammad Ali Mirza Bahadur (Amir Sahib), in company with Colonel Herbert. The young prince was provided with all kinds of amusements. They were kept in a hotel in South Kensington. They also attende the then Prince of Wales, Edward VII's Levée, to which the right of private entry was granted to them. Hassan Ali met Robert Clive's granddaughter, Lady Williams and he received attention from all sides. He was also introduced to Her Majesty Queen Victoria by the state's secretary. They visited many places like Sandgate, Dover Castle, Southsea, Chester, Manchester and so on. While leaving London in December 1856 they traveled back to Calcutta through France, Italy and Malta, visiting the many famous and reputed cities like Paris, Bologna, Florence, Rome, Naples and so on. Hassan Ali's second foreign visit, rather English visit, was with his father, Mansur Ali Khan in March 1869.

Later years

On 16 February 1887 Hassan Ali was made the Knight Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire and on 28 May 1887 theoriental titles of Ali Kadir (Of First Rank), Ihtisham ul-Mulk (Dignifier of the country), Raes ud-Daulah (Premier of the state), Amir ul-Omrah (Noble of Nobles) and Mahabat Jang (Horror in War) were conferred upon the Nawab. On 20 May 1890 Hassan Ali was made a Knight Grand Commander (GCIE) under a royal warrant, bearing the sign Manual of Her Majesty Queen Victoria. As the, title and post of the Nawab of Bengal was abolished Hassan Ali was appointed to the lesser title of Nawab of Murshidabad (N.B.M.) on 17 February 1882, which was confirmed in this title by the British in the year 1891.

The Nawab died on 25 December 1906 and was buried in Iraq as per his own wish.

Honours

Wives and children

Hassan Ali married:

Hassan Ali was survived by five sons and two daughters as follows:

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Lethbridge, Roper (1893). The golden book of India, a genealogical and biographical dictionary of the ruling princes, chiefs, nobles, and other personages, titled or decorated, of the Indian empire. London Macmillan. pp. 357–358.
  2. ^ a b Majumdar, Purna Chandra (1905). The musnud of Murshidabad (1704-1904) being a synopsis of the history of Murshidabad for the last two centuries, to which are appended notes of places and objects of interest at Murshidabad. Murshidabad Saroda Ray. pp. 54–64.
Hassan Ali Mirza Born: 25 August 1846 Died: 25 December, 1906 Preceded byMansur Ali Khan asNawab of Bengal Nawab of Murshidabad 17 February 1882 - 25 December 1906 Succeeded byWasif Ali Mirza Khan