Queen City of the Mountains
|Coordinates: 37°14′55″N 083°11′42″W / 37.24861°N 83.19500°WCoordinates: 37°14′55″N 083°11′42″W / 37.24861°N 83.19500°W|
|Incorporated||April 30, 1884|
|Named for||Cdre. Oliver Hazard Perry|
|• Mayor||Donald “Happy” Mobelini|
|• City Manager||Derrick Hall |
|• Assistant City Manager||Amie Bedwell|
|• City Treasurer / Secretary to the Mayor|||
|• Total||7.60 sq mi (19.68 km2)|
|• Land||7.45 sq mi (19.30 km2)|
|• Water||0.15 sq mi (0.38 km2) 0%|
|Elevation||928 ft (283 m)|
|• Density||706.44/sq mi (272.76/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0512617|
Hazard is a home rule-class city in, and the county seat of, Perry County, Kentucky, United States. The population was 5,263 at the 2020 Census.
Local landowner Elijah Combs Sr. laid out the town in 1824 as the planned seat of the newly established Perry County. Both the town and the county were named for Cdre. Oliver Hazard Perry, a commander in the 1813 Battle of Lake Erie in the War of 1812. The post office was initially known as Perry Court House but the name was officially changed to Hazard in 1854. The city was formally incorporated by the state assembly in 1884.
Long isolated by the surrounding mountains, Hazard was opened to the outside world by the arrival of the railroad in 1912. The only access to the valley had previously been 45 miles down the North Fork of the Kentucky River or a two-week trip over the surrounding mountains. The railroad brought boom times to the town, but the Great Depression saw prosperity end as quickly as it had begun.
The song "High Sheriff of Hazard" was written by Tom Paxton in reference to a coal miner's strike in 1964.
In 1981, several cast members of the television series The Dukes of Hazzard, including Catherine Bach, James Best, Sorrell Booke and Rick Hurst, visited Hazard during its Black Gold Festival. Soon afterwards, the series' stars Tom Wopat and John Schneider made appearances in Hazard.
After several decades of population decline, the city has seen a rapid increase of new residents as the growth rate approached 20% between 2010 and 2020. In July 1999, Hazard was the first stop on President Bill Clinton's tour of poverty-stricken communities that had failed to share in the boom of the 1990s. Hillary Clinton visited Hazard on November 2, 2008, at a political rally for Democratic U.S. Senate candidate Bruce Lunsford.
Hazard is located at 37°15′21″N 83°11′37″W / 37.25583°N 83.19361°W (37.255910, −83.193706).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.0 square miles (18 km2), all land.
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Hazard has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2021, there were 5,263 people, and 2,046 households. The population density was 692.5 inhabitants per square mile (267.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 78.4% White, 16.57% African American, 0.08% Native American, 2.07% Asian, 0.15% from other races, and 0.87% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.86% of the population.
In 2000, there were 1,946 households, out of which 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.9% were married couples living together, 18.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.9% were non-families. Of all households, 31.7% were made up of individuals, and 13.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.88.
In the city, the population was spread out, with 21.9% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 28.0% from 25 to 44, 23.9% from 45 to 64, and 17.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $20,690, and the median income for a family was $27,226. Males had a median income of $34,398 versus $22,386 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,782. About 30.9% of families and 30.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 44.3% of those under age 18 and 13.9% of those age 65 or over.
Hazard has a lending library, the Perry County Public Library.
See also: Category:People from Hazard, Kentucky
People who were born in or residents of Hazard include:
|Martin Fugate||circa 1780s||circa mid 1800s||Patriarch of "Blue Fugates", a family with a genetic trait that led to the blood disorder methemoglobinemia, causing the skin to appear blue.|
|Red Allen||1930||1993||Bluegrass singer, a native of Pigeon Roost Hollow in Perry County, was a member of the Osborne Brothers band.|
|Louann Brizendine||1952||Hazard native and a neuropsychiatrist. Was a clinician, researcher, and professor (1985–88, on the faculty at Harvard, and from 1988 onwards at UC San Francisco). Best-selling author of The Female Brain (2006) and The Male Brain (2010).|
|Joe Craft||1950||Businessman and philanthropist, namesake of the Joe Craft Center, UK's practice basketball facility. Born in Hazard. Also the namesake of the Joe Craft Tower at the Hazard ARH Hospital.|
|Daniel Mongiardo||1960||Physician, Democratic Kentucky senator, and Lieutenant Governor of Kentucky|
|Brandon Smith||1967||Businessman, Republican Kentucky representative and senator.|
|Sam Smith||1944||2022||One of the first three African American basketball players at the University of Louisville, later played in the American Basketball Association; born in Hazard.|
|Mary Lou Turner||1947||Country music singer born in Hazard. Turner recorded the #1 song "Sometimes" with Bill Anderson.|
|J. Dudley Goodlette||1948||Hazard native, former politician and lawyer in Florida.|