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Hazarduari Palace
Hazarduari01 debaditya chatterjee.jpg
The grand palace of Hazarduari illuminated at night
Hazarduari Palace is located in West Bengal
Hazarduari Palace
Hazarduari Palace is located in India
Hazarduari Palace
Former namesBara Kothi
Alternative namesNizamat Kila
General information
Architectural styleItalian-style palace built in the 19th century and Greek (Doric) style
LocationMurshidabad district
CountryIndia
Coordinates24°11′11″N 88°16′07″E / 24.1864°N 88.2687°E / 24.1864; 88.2687Coordinates: 24°11′11″N 88°16′07″E / 24.1864°N 88.2687°E / 24.1864; 88.2687
Groundbreaking9 August 1829
CompletedDecember, 1837
Cost16.50 Lacs Gold Coins.
OwnerArchaeological Survey of India
Height80 feet
Dimensions
Other dimensionsLength: 130 meters and Breadth:61 meters
Technical details
Floor count3
Design and construction
ArchitectColonel Duncan MacLeod
Other information
Parkingavailable

Hazarduari Palace, earlier known as the Bara Kothi,[1] is located in the campus of Kila Nizamat in Murshidabad, in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is situated near the bank of river Ganges. It was built in the nineteenth century by architect Duncan Macleod, under the reign of Nawab Nazim Humayun Jah of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa (1824–1838).

In 1985, the palace was handed over to the Archaeological Survey of India for better preservation.[2][3]

According to the Archaeological Survey of India as mentioned in the List of Monuments of National Importance in West Bengal, the Hazarduari Palace and Imambara ASI Listed Monuoments.[4]

Kila Nizamat

A painting of the Nizamat Fort Area (c. 1814–1815), kept in the British Library, by William Prinsep, showing the old and small Nizamat Fort
A painting of the Nizamat Fort Area (c. 1814–1815), kept in the British Library, by William Prinsep, showing the old and small Nizamat Fort

Kila Nizamat or Nizamat Kila (Nizamat Fort) was the site of the old fort of Murshidabad. It was located on the present site of the Hazarduari Palace, on the banks of the Bhagirathi river.[5]

Etymology

The name of the palace that is Hazarduari means "a palace with a thousand doors". Hazar means "thousand" and Duari means "the one with doors"; thus, the total sums up to "the one with a thousand doors".

The palace earlier known as Bara Kothi has been named so as the palace has in all 1000 doors, of which 100 are false. They were built so that if any predator tried to do something wrong and escape, he would be confused between the false and real doors, and by that time he would be caught by the Nawab's guards.[6]

Museum

Photos from Hazarduari Palace with the palace's chandelier in the center. This chandelier is the second largest in the world after that in the Buckingham Palace.
Photos from Hazarduari Palace with the palace's chandelier in the center. This chandelier is the second largest in the world after that in the Buckingham Palace.
The clock tower with the palace in the backdrop
The clock tower with the palace in the backdrop

The palace has now been transformed into a museum which houses collections from the Nawabs like priceless paintings, furniture, antiques and so on. The famous one is the mirror and the chandelier. In 1985, the palace was handed over to the Archaeological Survey of India for better preservation.[2][3]

Miniature

A miniature of the palace,[7] made by Sagore Mistri in ivory, along with portraits of His Highness and his son, among other presents, were sent to King William IV. He honoured the Nawab with a full-size portrait of His Majesty and an autographed letter, and conferred upon him the badge and insignia of the Royal Guelphic and Hanoverian order, which are still preserved in the Palace.

Map

A map of the full Nizamat Fort Campus (excluding Wasef Manzil, Dakshin Darwaza or the South Gate of the campus, Nawab Bahadur's Institution and the South Zurud Mosque) showing the Nizamat Imambara in yellow and other buildings surrounding it, like the Madina Mosque, the Hazarduari Palace, Chawk Masjid, Bacchawali Tope, Murshidabad Clock Tower, Shia Complex and the Zurud Mosque (North)

See also

References

  1. ^ "History of Murshidabad". Archived from the original on 10 June 2016. Retrieved 28 March 2012.
  2. ^ a b "Palace handed ovet to ASI". Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 28 March 2012.
  3. ^ a b "Handed over to ASI". Archived from the original on 7 May 2012. Retrieved 28 March 2012.
  4. ^ "List of Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains of West Bengal - Archaeological Survey of India". Item no. 122. ASI. Retrieved 18 July 2021.
  5. ^ "Nizamat Kila". Archived from the original on 30 July 2012. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
  6. ^ "Hazarduari Palace". Archived from the original on 23 December 2012. Retrieved 28 March 2012.
  7. ^ Palace's miniature Archived January 6, 2012, at the Wayback Machine