The Health in North Macedonia is improving. The Macedonian life expectancy in 2016 was 74 for men and 78 for women. In 2015 it was estimated that 11.44% of the Macedonian population had diabetes, costing about $403 per person per year.[1] In 2015 it had the fourth highest rate of death from non-communicable diseases in Europe (637 per 100,000).[2]


The country inherited a large health infrastructure after independence in 1991 with good well-distributed public health services. Private hospitals were opened and primary care was privatised. Subsequently both public and private providers have been integrated into one social insurance-funded model managed by the Health Insurance Fund of North Macedonia. The public hospital sector is seen as inefficient and is unpopular with both patients and professional staff.[3] 90% of the population are within 30 minutes of a health service.[4]

Expenditure on healthcare was $851 per head in 2014, 6.5% of GDP.[5]

According to the Euro health consumer index the Macedonian health system made the most remarkable advance of any country in the history of their Index, from 27th to 16th place in 2014, because by implementing a real time e-Booking system they reduced waiting lists so significantly. From July 2013, any GP can make a booking at any specialist or heavy diagnostic equipment in the country in real time while the patient is present. They rated Macedonia 16th in Europe in 2015.[6]

The Doctor’s Chamber of Macedonia complains that there is a discrepancy between the available funds and the quality of service expected, that facilities are not used efficiently, equipment is outdated and staff are not used effectively.[7]


Notable hospitals in North Macedonia include the following:


  1. ^ "Top 10: Which country has the highest rates of diabetes in Europe? The UK's position might surprise you…". Diabetes UK. 27 August 2015. Retrieved 20 December 2015.
  2. ^ Ballas, Dimitris; Dorling, Danny; Hennig, Benjamin (2017). The Human Atlas of Europe. Bristol: Policy Press. p. 66. ISBN 9781447313540.
  3. ^ Milevska Kostova, N.; Chichevalieva, S.; Ponce, N. A.; Van Ginneken, E.; Winkelmann, J. (2017). "The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia: Health System Review". Health Systems in Transition. Vol. 19, no. 3. U.S. National Library of Medicine. pp. 1–160. PMID 28485716.
  4. ^ "Health care system in the Republic of Macedonia – current situation and development perspectives". January 2008. Retrieved 27 December 2018.
  5. ^ "The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia". WHO. 2018. Retrieved 27 December 2018.
  6. ^ "Outcomes in EHCI 2015" (PDF). Health Consumer Powerhouse. 26 January 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 June 2017. Retrieved 27 January 2016.
  7. ^ "Challenges in the healthcare system of the Republic of Macedonia". FOMOSO. 14 March 2018. Retrieved 4 February 2019.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Medical Assistance in North Macedonia". U.S. Embassy, Skopje. Retrieved January 5, 2021.
  9. ^ "General Hospital Ohrid". General Hospital Ohrid. Retrieved January 5, 2021.
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