Heilbronn
CountryGermany
StateBaden-Württemberg
Adm. regionStuttgart
CapitalHeilbronn
Area
 • Total1,099.59 km2 (424.55 sq mi)
Population
 (31 December 2019)[1]
 • Total344,456
 • Density310/km2 (810/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Vehicle registrationHN
Websitehttp://www.landkreis-heilbronn.de

Landkreis Heilbronn (German pronunciation: [haɪlˈbʁɔn] (About this soundlisten)) is a Landkreis (district) in the north of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Neighboring districts are (from north clockwise) Neckar-Odenwald, Hohenlohe, Schwäbisch Hall, Rems-Murr, Ludwigsburg, Enz, Karlsruhe and Rhein-Neckar. In the centre of it is the free-city of Heilbronn, which is its own separate administrative area.

History

The predecessor to the district is the Oberamt Heilbronn, which was created in 1803 when the previously Free Imperial City of Heilbronn was incorporated into the Electorate of Württemberg. In 1926, about half of the Oberamt (old district) of Weinsberg was added. In 1938, it was recognized as a district, and in addition to the previous Oberamt, parts of the dissolved Oberämter Neckarsulm, Brackenheim, Marbach and Besigheim were added. The city of Heilbronn was not included into the district. In 1973, the Landkreise (districts) were reorganized, and part of the dissolved districts of Sinsheim, Mosbach, Buchen and Schwäbisch Hall were added. Within the following two years 5 municipalities were incorporated into the city and therefore left the district, which got its current borders in 1975.

Geography

The main river in the district is the Neckar, which flows through the district from the south to the north. The western part of the district belongs to the landscape Kraichgau, the east to the Hohenloher Ebene, Kocher-Jagst-Ebene, and the Löwensteiner Berge.

Coat of arms

The coat of arms shows a clawless eagle, the symbol of the Counts of Lauffen, who ruled the area of the district in the 13th century.

Towns and municipalities

Towns (Städte):

  1. Bad Friedrichshall
  2. Bad Rappenau
  3. Bad Wimpfen
  4. Beilstein
  5. Brackenheim
  6. Eppingen
  7. Güglingen
  8. Gundelsheim
  9. Lauffen
  10. Leingarten
  11. Löwenstein
  12. Möckmühl
  13. Neckarsulm
  14. Neudenau
  15. Neuenstadt am Kocher
  16. Schwaigern
  17. Weinsberg
  18. Widdern

Municipalities (Gemeinden):

  1. Abstatt
  2. Cleebronn
  3. Eberstadt
  4. Ellhofen
  5. Erlenbach (Württemberg)
  6. Flein
  7. Gemmingen
  8. Hardthausen (Kocher)
  9. Ilsfeld
  10. Ittlingen
  11. Jagsthausen
  12. Kirchardt
  13. Langenbrettach
  14. Lehrensteinsfeld
  15. Massenbachhausen
  16. Neckarwestheim
  17. Nordheim (Württemberg)
  18. Obersulm
  19. Oedheim
  20. Offenau
  21. Pfaffenhofen
  22. Roigheim
  23. Siegelsbach
  24. Talheim
  25. Untereisesheim
  26. Untergruppenbach
  27. Wüstenrot
  28. Zaberfeld

Municipal associations (Vereinbarte Verwaltungsgemeinschaften and Gemeindeverwaltungsverbände):

  1. Bad Friedrichshall
  2. Bad Rappenau
  3. Brackenheim
  4. Eppingen
  5. Flein-Talheim
  6. Lauffen
  7. Möckmühl
  8. Neckarsulm
  9. Neuenstadt
  10. Oberes Zabergäu
  11. Obersulm
  12. Schozach-Bottwartal
  13. Schwaigern
  14. Raum Weinsberg

References

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2019". Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (in German). September 2020.

Coordinates: 49°10′N 9°15′E / 49.16°N 9.25°E / 49.16; 9.25