He 72 Kadett
Heinkel 72 Kadett.jpg
Role Military basic trainer
Manufacturer Heinkel Flugzeugwerke
First flight 1933
Status Retired
Primary users Luftwaffe
National Socialist Flyers Corps
Slovenské vzdušné zbrane
Number built Several thousand [1]

The Heinkel He 72 Kadett ("Cadet") was a German single-engine biplane trainer of the 1930s.

Development

The Kadett was designed in 1933 to meet an official requirement for a basic trainer. It was a single-bay biplane of fabric-covered, metal construction with open cockpits, a staggered wing, a strut-braced tail unit, and fixed tailskid undercarriage. The prototype was powered by a 104 kW (139 hp) Argus As 8B air-cooled inline engine.[2]

The first production model, the He 72A retained the As 8B engine in early batches, but later production aircraft had a 112 kW (150 hp) As 8R. The He 72A was superseded by the He 72B, which was the major production version. This was powered by a 120 kW (160 bhp) Siemens-Halske Sh 14A radial.[2]

The He 72B was produced as the He 72B-1 landplane and He 72BW Seekadett ("Sea Cadet") twin-float seaplane. The civil development was the He 72B-3 Edelkadett ("Noble Cadet").[2]

Operational history

The Kadett entered service with National Socialist Flyers Corps before the formation of the Luftwaffe. Later, it became a standard basic trainer with the Luftwaffe. Slovak forces used it in the attack role.[2]

Variants

Operators

 Bulgaria
 Czechoslovakia
 Germany
 Japan
 Slovakia

Specifications (He 72B)

Data from Die Deutsche Luftrüstung 1933–1945 Vol.2 – Flugzeugtypen Erla-Heinkel[3]

General characteristics

Performance

See also

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era

References

  1. ^ Wood and Gunston 1977, p.179.
  2. ^ a b c d "The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft" Editors: Paul Eden & Soph Moeng, (Amber Books Ltd. Bradley's Close, 74-77 White Lion Street, London, NI 9PF, 2002, ISBN 0-7607-3432-1), 1152 pp.
  3. ^ Nowarra, Heinz J. (1993). Die Deutsche Luftrüstung 1933–1945 Vol.2 – Flugzeugtypen Erla-Heinkel (in German). Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe Verlag. pp. 183–184, 270–271. ISBN 3-7637-5464-4.

Further reading