The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Igbo language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. This reflects Standard Igbo, and dialects may have more or fewer phonemes. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see Template:IPA and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

Consonants
IPA Examples English approximation
b báà [báà] 'enter' bit
d dèé [dèé] 'write' din
d͡ʒ jàá [d͡ʒàá] 'praise' joy
f fópù [fópù] 'uproot' fat
ɡ gàá [ɡàá] 'go' gut
ɡ͡b gbàá [ɡ͡bàá] 'kick' simultaneous get and bet
ɡʷ gwú [ɡʷú] 'dig' Guam
ɣ ghé [ɣé] 'fry' Spanish fuego
h há [há] 'they' ham
j yá [já] 'him/her/it' yes
k kámà [kámà] 'but' cut
k͡p kpọ́ [k͡pɔ́] 'call' simultaneous can and pan
kwé [kʷé] 'agree' aquatic
l lèé [lèé] 'agree' left
m àmà [àmà] 'witness' map
m [m̩bè] 'tortoise' prism
n nèé [nèé] 'see' nose
ń [ń̩nà] 'father' button
ɲ nyàá [ɲàá] 'drive' canyon
ŋ ụ́ [ŋʊ́] 'father' sing
ŋʷ nwụ́ [ŋʷʊ́] 'drink' sing with
p pá [pá] 'carry' pit
r rèé [rèé] 'sell' Spanish perro
s sèé [sèé] 'draw' sit
ʃ ị̀shá [ɪ̀ʃá] 'crayfish' ship
t tá [tá] 'chew' tip
t͡ʃ chèé [t͡ʃèé] 'think' chip
v Àví [àví] 'proper name' vat
w wèré [wèré] 'take' we
z zèé [zèé] 'dodge' zoo
Vowels
IPA Examples English approximation
a áká [áká] 'hand' bra
e éké [ékè] 'python' bay
i ìse [ìsɛ́] 'pot' meat
ɪ ị́kpà [ɪ́k͡pà] 'to weave' pit
o ó [ólú] 'neck' Indian English go
ɔ ọ́kụ́ [ɔ́kʊ́] 'fire' RP law
u ù [ùdó] 'peace' fool
ʊ ụ́sụ́ [ʊ́sʊ́] 'bat' put
Tone
IPA Examples Explanation
◌́ ụ́sụ́ [ʊ́sʊ́] 'bat' High tone
◌̀ àmà [àmà] 'witness' Low tone
ꜜ◌ égō[1] [éɡꜜo] 'money' Downstep

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Eme and Uba use ◌̄ to represent downstep, but it properly refers to mid tone in IPA.

Bibliography[edit]

See also[edit]