The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Northern Thai language pronunciations. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see ((IPA-nod)) and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

Consonants
IPA Thai alphabet Tai Tham English approximation
b
Lanna-23.png
abash
d ฎ,ด
Lanna-17.png
ado
f ฝ,ฟ
Lanna-26.png
,
Lanna-28.png
food
h ห,ฮ
Lanna-38.png
,
Lanna-32.png
,
Lanna-41.png
head
j ย,อย,หย
Lanna-44.png
yak
k
Lanna-1.png
,
Lanna-4.png
scan
l ล,ฬ,หล
Lanna-33.png
,
Lanna-32.png
,
Lanna-39.png
leaf
m ม,หม
Lanna-30.png
much
n ณ,น,หน
Lanna-16.png
,
Lanna-22.png
not
ŋ ง,หง
Lanna-7.png
bang
ɲ
Lanna-13.png
,
Lanna-31.png
canyon
p
Lanna-24.png
,
Lanna-27.png
span
ผ,พ,ภ
Lanna-25.png
,
Lanna-29.png
pan
r ร,หร
Lanna-32.png
roughly like water (American English)
s ฉ,ช,ฌ,ซ,ศ,ษ,ส
Lanna-9.png
,
Lanna-11.png
,
Lanna-12.png
,
Lanna-35.png
,
Lanna-36.png
,
Lanna-37.png
sue
t ฏ,ต
Lanna-14.png
,
Lanna-18.png
,
Lanna-20.png
stable
ฐ,ฑ,ฒ,ถ,ท,ธ
Lanna-15.png
,
Lanna-15-5.png
,
Lanna-19.png
,
Lanna-21.png
table
t͡ɕ
Lanna-8.png
,
Lanna-10.png
question
w ว,หว
Lanna-34.png
way
x ข,ฃ,ค,ฅ,ฆ
Lanna-2.png
,
Lanna-3.png
,
Lanna-5.png
,
Lanna-6.png
can
ʔ อ, ะ
Lanna-40.png
,
Lanna-aq.png
the catch in uh-oh
 
Tones
IPA Description
= āː mid [aː˧]
àː low [aː˨˩] or [aː˩]
âː falling [aː˥˩]
a᷇ː high falling [aː˥˧]
áː high [aː˦˥]
ǎː rising [aː˨˦]
Vowels
IPA Thai Alphabet[1] Tai Tham script English approximation
Short vowels
a ◌ะ, ◌ั◌
Lanna-aq.png
,
Lanna-sat.png
cut
e เ◌ะ, เ◌็◌
Lanna-e.png
Lanna-aq.png
,
Lanna-e.png
Lanna-sat.png
roughly like say
ɛ แ◌ะ, แ◌็◌
Lanna-ae.png
Lanna-aq.png
,
Lanna-ae.png
Lanna-sat.png
roughly like bat
i ◌ิ, ◌ิ◌
Lanna-i.png
,
Lanna-Pali-i.png
happy
o โ◌ะ, ◌◌
Lanna-o.png
Lanna-aq.png
,
Lanna-konɡ.png
go without u sound (shorter)
ɔ เ◌าะ, ◌็อ◌
Lanna-o.png
Lanna-or-in.png
Lanna-aq.png
off
u ◌ุ, ◌ุ◌
Lanna-u.png
,
Lanna-Pali-u.png
loot (shorter)
ɯ ◌ึ, ◌ึ◌
Lanna-ue.png
good
ɤ เ◌อะ
Lanna-e.png
Lanna-oe-in.png
Lanna-aq.png
roughly like hurt (shorter)
Long vowels
◌า, ◌า◌
Lanna-aa.png
,
Lanna-aa-luang.png
bra
เ◌, เ◌◌
Lanna-e.png
◌,
Lanna-Pali-e.png
play
ɛː แ◌, แ◌◌
Lanna-ae.png
roughly like man
◌ี, ◌ี◌
Lanna-ii.png
green
โ◌, โ◌◌
Lanna-o.png
◌,
Lanna-o.png
Lanna-aa.png
go without u sound
ɔː ◌อ, ◌อ◌
Lanna-ang.png
,
Lanna-or-in.png
dog
◌ู, ◌ู,
Lanna-uu.png
moon
ɯː ◌ือ, ◌ื◌
Lanna-ueue.png
good (longer)
ɤː เ◌อ, เ◌ิ◌
Lanna-e.png
Lanna-oe-in.png
roughly like fur
Diphthongs
iaʔ, iəʔ เ◌ียะ
Lanna-e.png
Lanna-sat.png
Lanna-yy.png
No English equivalent
ia, iə เ◌ีย, เ◌ีย◌
Lanna-e.png
Lanna-sat.png
Lanna-medial-y.png
idea
uaʔ, uəʔ ◌ัวะ
Lanna-ua.png
Lanna-aq.png
No English equivalent
ua, uə ◌ัว, ◌ว◌
Lanna-ua.png
poor (British English)
ɯaʔ, ɯəʔ เ◌ือะ
Lanna-e.png
Lanna-oe-in.png
Lanna-aq.png
No English equivalent
ɯa, ɯə เ◌ือ, เ◌ือ◌
Lanna-e.png
Lanna-oe-in.png
No English equivalent

Notes

  1. ^ Vowels diacritics are shown on a dotted circle "◌".