The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Yoruba language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. This reflects Standard Yoruba, and dialects may have more or fewer phonemes. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see Template:IPA and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

Consonants
IPA Examples English approximation
b bàtá [bàtá] 'shoes' bit
d dà [dà] 'pour' din
d͡ʒ jà [d͡ʒà] 'fight' gin
f fèrèsé [fèrèsé] 'window' fat
ɡ gà [ɡà] 'spread' gut
ɡ͡b gbà [ɡ͡bà] 'take' rugby but pronounced simultaneously
h ha [hā] 'scratch' ham
j yà [jà] 'draw' yes
k kí [kí] 'what' cut
k͡p pọ̀ [k͡pɔ̀] 'be many' backpack but pronounced simultaneously
l lá [lá] 'leak' left
m màmá [màmá] 'mother' map
n nà [nã̀] 'beat' nose
r rà [rà] 'buy' Spanish perro
s sìsí [sìsí] 'young lady' sit
ʃ òkòtò [ʃòkòtò] 'trouser' ship
t tà [tà] 'sell' tip
w wá [wá] 'search' we
Vowels
Oral Vowels
IPA Examples English approximation
a à [àɡè] 'kettle' and
e ewé [ēwé] 'leaf' bay
ɛ ẹ̀ [ɛ̀pà] 'groundnut' bet
i ì [ìjá] 'mother' meat
o oko [ōkō] 'farm' Indian English go
ɔ ọ̀bẹ [ɔ̀bɛ̄] 'knife' RP law
u kú [kúrò] 'leave' fool
Nasal Vowels
ã ìtàn [ìtã̀] 'history' bran
ɛ̃ hẹ́n [hɛ̃́] 'yes' hen; French vin
ĩ rìn [rĩ̀] 'to walk' mean
ɔ̃ ìbọn [ìbɔ̃̄] 'gun' pond; French bon
ũ ràkúnmi [ràkṹmī] 'camel' soon
Tone
IPA Examples Explanation
◌́ kọ́ [kɔ́] 'build' High tone
◌̄ k [kɔ̄] 'sing' Mid tone
◌̀ kọ̀ [kɔ̀] 'reject' Low tone

Bibliography[edit]

See also[edit]