The time function, or #time, is the MediaWiki parser function to display a date/time in other formats. For example (to update):
There are over 35 date format codes (see below: Time format codes) to rearrange the day-month-year, or hour-minute-second (such as 'j' for day, 'H' for hour, or el 'l' to show day-of-week). Other letters are treated as literal text, or use backslash to escape the format (
'\d' shows 'd'). Parameter 2 can designate some other date/time (in any of several typical formats), while a 2-letter language code can be specified as parameter 3 to translate a month name into another language.
Beyond the Gregorian calendar, the #time function can also convert a date into some other calendars by using x-codes (x_): Islamic (xm), Iranian (xi), Hebrew (xj), Thai (xk), Minguo (xo), or the Japanese calendar (xt). For example, to show the Islamic date, as the month and year: ((#time:xmF xmY)) → Dhu al-Hijjah 1443.
The #time function can show numerals in some other number systems by using x-codes (x_), including: Hindi (xn or xN), Hebrew (xh), and Roman numerals (xr). For example, to show the current time, H:i:s, in Roman numerals: ((#time:xrH:xri:xrs)) → XIX:XXXII:XXVII. See more examples below: Time format codes.
The #time parser function takes a date and/or time (in the Gregorian calendar) and formats it according to the syntax given. A date/time object can be specified; the default is the value of the magic word ((CURRENTTIMESTAMP)) – that is, the time the page was last rendered into HTML.
The list of accepted formatting codes is given in the table below. Any character in the formatting string that is not recognised is passed through unaltered; this applies also to blank spaces (the system does not need them for interpreting the codes). There are also two ways to escape characters within the formatting string:
In addition, the digraph xx is interpreted as a single literal "x".
The date/time object can be in any format accepted by PHP's strtotime() function. Both absolute (e.g., 20 December 2000) and relative (e.g., +20 hours) times are accepted.
The two-letter language code in ISO 639-1 allows the string to be displayed in the chosen language.
If you've calculated a Unix timestamp, you may use it in date calculations by pre-pending an @ symbol.
|The range of acceptable input is 1 January 0111 → 31 December 9999. For the years 100 through 110 the output is inconsistent, Y and leap years are like the years 100-110, r, D, l and U are like interpreting these years as 2000-2010.|
((#time: d F Y | 29 Feb 0100 )) → 01 March 0100 (correct, no leap year), but
Year numbers 0-99 are interpreted as 2000-2069 and 1970-1999, even when written with leading zeros:
Full or partial absolute dates can be specified; the function will "fill in" parts of the date that are not specified using the current values:
Many options are provided.
The following table explains the 35 various codes for date/time formats, plus the codes for months in other languages, and the x-codes (x_) to convert to some other calendars or number systems.
|Code||Description||Current output |
(Purge this page's cache to update)
|L||1 if it's a leap year, 0 if not.||0|
|o ¹||ISO-8601 year of the specified week. ²||2022 ³|
¹ Requires PHP 5.1.0 and newer and rev:45208.
|n||Month index, not zero-padded.||7|
|m||Month index, zero-padded.||07|
|M||An abbreviation of the month name, in the site language.||Jul|
|F||The full month name in the site language.||July|
|xg||Output the full month name in the genitive form for site languages that distinguish between genitive and nominative forms.||For Polish:
((#time:d F Y|20 June 2010|pl)) → 20 czerwiec 2010
((#time:d xg Y|20 June 2010|pl)) → 20 czerwca 2010
|W||ISO 8601 week number, zero-padded.||26|
|j||Day of the month, not zero-padded.||3|
|d||Day of the month, zero-padded.||03|
|z||Day of the year (January 1 = 0).¹||183|
|D||An abbreviation for the day of the week. Rarely internationalised.||Sun|
|l||The full weekday name. Rarely internationalised.||Sunday|
|N||ISO 8601 day of the week (Monday = 1, Sunday = 7).||7|
|w||Number of the day of the week (Sunday = 0, Saturday = 6).||0|
¹ To get the ISO day of the year add 1.
|a||"am" during the morning (00:00:00 → 11:59:59), "pm" otherwise (12:00:00 → 23:59:59).||pm|
|A||Uppercase version of a above.||PM|
|g||Hour in 12-hour format, not zero-padded.||7|
|h||Hour in 12-hour format, zero-padded.||07|
|G||Hour in 24-hour format, not zero-padded.||19|
|H||Hour in 24-hour format, zero-padded.||19|
|Minutes and seconds|
|i||Minutes past the hour, zero-padded.||32|
|s||Seconds past the minute, zero-padded.||27|
|U||Seconds since January 1 1970 00:00:00 GMT.||1656876747|
|Timezone (as of 1.22wmf2)|
|I||Whether or not the date is in daylight savings time.||0|
|O||Difference to Greenwich time (GMT)||+0000|
|P||Difference to Greenwich time (GMT), with colon||+00:00|
|Z||Timezone offset in seconds.||0|
|t||Number of days in the current month.||31|
|c||ISO 8601 formatted date, equivalent to Y-m-d"T"H:i:s+00:00.||2022-07-03T19:32:27+00:00|
|r||RFC 5322 formatted date, equivalent to D, j M Y H:i:s +0000, with weekday name and month name not internationalised.||Sun, 03 Jul 2022 19:32:27 +0000|
|xmj||Day of the month.||3|
|xmF||Full month name.||Dhu al-Hijjah|
|xij||Day of the month.||12|
|xiF||Full month name.||Tir|
|xjj||Day of the month.||4|
|xjF||Full month name.||Tamuz|
|xjt||Number of days in month.||29|
|xjx||Genitive form of the month name.||Tamuz|
|xn||Format the next numeric code as a raw ASCII number.||In the Hindi language, ((#time:H, xnH)) produces ०६, 06.|
|xN||Like xn, but as a toggled flag, which endures until the end of the string or until the next appearance of xN in the string.|
|xr||Format the next number as a Roman numeral. Only works for numbers up to 10,000
(up to 3,000 in pre MediaWiki 1.20).
|((#time:xrY)) → MMXXII|
|xh||Format the next number as a Hebrew numeral.||((#time:xhY)) → ב'כ"ב|