|Date||September 9, 1990|
|Participants|| Mikhail Gorbachev|
George H. W. Bush
|Chair||President Mauno Koivisto|
The Helsinki Summit comprised a meeting between US President George H. W. Bush and Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev, taking place on September 9, 1990 in Helsinki, Finland, just a few weeks before the reunification of Germany and just one month after the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait as their fourth meeting following a meeting that included Ronald Reagan, in New York in December 1988. Furthermore, the collapse of communism and the pending reunification of Germany necessitated a third summit meeting of the Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe in order to formally end the Cold War.