Henry Pratt Fairchild
|Born||August 18, 1880|
|Died||October 2, 1956 (aged 76)|
North Hollywood, California
|Occupation||Professor of Sociology|
|Spouse(s)||Mary Eleanor Townsend|
|Parent(s)||Arthur Babbitt Fairchild and Isabel Amanda Pratt|
Henry Pratt Fairchild (August 18, 1880 – October 2, 1956) was a distinguished American sociologist. He was a sociologist who was actively involved in many of the controversial issues of his time. He wrote about race relations, abortion and contraception, and immigration. He was involved with the founding of Planned Parenthood  and served as President to the American Eugenics Society.
Fairchild was born in Dundee, Illinois. His father was Arthur Babbitt Fairchild, a descendant of Thomas Fairchild who settled in New England in 1639 and his mother a member of the Pratt industrialist family. Henry Fairchild was his grandfather. Fred Rogers Fairchild, who became an economist and educator, was his brother.
Fairchild grew up in Crete, Nebraska, where his father was professor at Doane College. Fairchild attended Doane (AB, 1900) and Yale University (PhD, 1909). He also received an honorary LL.D. from Doane in 1930.
Fairchild was president of the Population Association of America from 1931–1935(?). He was president of the American Sociological Society in 1936.
He was active with Margaret Sanger in founding Planned Parenthood.
Fairchild’s major teaching appointment was at New York University. He served for 26 years, from 1919 until his retirement in 1945, and became chairman of the Department of Sociology in the Graduate School. Much of his work focused on race, nationalism, immigration, and ethnic conflict.