Henry Sleeper Harper
Born(1864-03-11)March 11, 1864
DiedMarch 1, 1944(1944-03-01) (aged 79)
Alma materColumbia University (BA)
OccupationPublisher
EmployerDirector, Harper & Brothers
Known forTitanic survivor, forest conservation
Board member ofThe Association for the Protection of the Adirondacks
Spouse(s)Myra Raymond (Haxtun) Harper, m. 28 Feb 1889; Anne Waterman (Hopson) Harper
ChildrenHenry Harper
Parent(s)Joseph Wesley Harper, Abigail Harper; Caroline Harper (stepmother)
RelativesBrother, Capt. William Armitage Harper; Sister, Josephine (Harper) Fiske; Sister, Mary Elizabeth (Harper) Silliman; Brother-in-law, Bradley A. Fiske

Henry Sleeper Harper (11 March 1864 – 1 March 1944) was an American businessman. He was an incorporator of Harper & Brothers when the firm became a corporation in 1896. Harper is remembered as a passenger on the RMS Titanic when it sank on April 15, 1912,[1] particularly due to the fact that his Pekingese called Sun Yat-sen was one of three dogs to survive the sinking of the Titanic,[2] and also for his work to save the Adirondack forests from logging.[3]

Early life and education

The son of Joseph Wesley Harper, Jr. (1839–1896) and Abigail Payson Sleeper (1829–1866), Henry graduated from Columbia University in 1888.[4][5]

Career

Henry was a director of the Harper & Brothers Publishing House. Henry's grandfather, Joseph Wesley Harper, had founded the firm Harper & Brothers, which gave way in 1900 to the publishing house.

Personal life

He was married to Myra Raymond Haxtun on February 28, 1889. In 1911, he purchased a home at 133 E. 21st St., overlooking Gramercy Park from the north.[6] After Myra’s death on November 27, 1923, he was remarried to Anne Waterman Hopson (1884–1976), a niece of his first wife, and they had a son, Henry Sleeper Harper, Jr. In 1926 he moved to 38th and Lexington Avenue into a mansion that exists today.[7]

Harper was a guest at Mark Twain's 67th birthday, held November 28, 1902, at the Metropolitan Club in New York.[8]

He was a member of the University Club of New York and the Century Association.[9][10] Additionally, he owned a camp at Buck Mountain Point, on Long Lake, in the Adirondacks, and served as secretary for The Association for the Protection of the Adirondacks.[11]

R.M.S. Titanic

Henry and his wife Myra Raymond Harper (née Haxtun) boarded the Titanic at Cherbourg while returning from a five-month-long tour of Egypt and Sudan. Accompanying the Harpers was Hammad Hassab Bureik, an Egyptian dragoman, or interpreter, whom Henry had hired at the Shepheard's Hotel during their stop in Cairo because Hassab joked to Harper that "he wanted to see the country all the crazy Americans came from".[12] Also with them was Mrs. Harper's prize Pekingese, coined Sun Yat-sen in honor of the first president of the Republic of China. Onboard Mr. and Mrs. Henry S. Harper occupied the First Class stateroom D-33, while Hassab was booked in D-49. Shortly after boarding the ship, Henry fell ill with tonsilitis and therefore spent much of his time in the cabin.

On the night of the sinking Henry and Myra Harper were fast asleep in their stateroom. Henry was awakened by a grinding noise, and looked out of his porthole to see an "iceberg only a few feet away, apparently racing aft at high speed and crumbling as it went." Having narrowly escaped the sinking of the SS Canima of the Cromwell Line in 1883, he knew the danger this incident put their ship in and insisted that Myra dressed at once and went upstairs. The ship's surgeon, Dr. William Francis Norman O'Loughlin, who visited Harper prior, first told him to undress and return to his bed, but soon returned to tell him that the "trunks were floating around" in the cargo hold and that they "may as well go on deck". Henry donned an overcoat while his wife put on a fur coat, and together with Hassab and their pet Pekingese they went on deck, on their way there stopping at the ship's Gymnasium. In his account published in Harper's Weekly, Harper described the confusion in the gymnasium as "rather like a stupid picnic, where you don't know anybody and wonder how soon you can get away from such a boresome place."[13] Once on deck, Harper observed that Lifeboat 3 would float the longest out of the boats in the vicinity, so he allowed his wife and dragoman to step onto the craft, following shortly after seeing how there were no more women wishing to board.

Harper described the crew rowing and steering his lifeboat as "the young man who hires a boat on Central Park lake on Sunday and tries to show off."[14] He remembered that seconds before the ship had sunk "there rose in the air a sort of wild maniacal chorus, a mingling of cries and yells in which I could distinguish voices of different tones. Many of the people, I fear, had gone mad as they felt the ship settle for her final plunge to the depths".[15] Lifeboat 3, on which Mr. and Mrs. Harper, Hassab, and their dog were rescued on was picked up by the RMS Carpathia in the early hours of the morning on April 15, 1912. Onboard Harper was met by his old acquaintance, Louis Ogden. RMS Carpathia, with the Harpers on board, docked in New York City on April 18, 1912.

For the documentary Ghosts of the Abyss (2001), James Cameron sent a robot into the Harper's cabin and found Henry's bowler hat sitting on top of the remains of the wardrobe.

References

  1. ^ "Mr Henry Sleeper Harper". Encyclopedia Titanica. Globevista. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
  2. ^ Coates, Kerry. "Pekingese Dog Pictures". My Pekingese Dogs. Gilamo Web Services. Archived from the original on 18 June 2012. Retrieved 18 March 2012.
  3. ^ "Henry S Harper". Titanicberg. Retrieved 18 March 2012.
  4. ^ "Henry Sleeper Harper". New York Timesh. 1912-04-16. Retrieved 2012-03-18.
  5. ^ University, Columbia (1894). Officers and Graduates of Columbia College, Originally the College of the Province of New York Known as King's College. General Catalogue 1754-1894. college.
  6. ^ "THE REAL ESTATE FIELD - Another Important Deal on West Thirty-ninth Street -- Henry S. Harper Buys Gramercy Park Dwelling -- Tenenment House Sales -- Bronx and Suburban Deals". New York Times. 5 December 1911. p. 21. Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
  7. ^ "Daytonian in Manhattan: The Henry J. Harper House -- No. 125 East 38th Street". 13 October 2016.
  8. ^ "MARK TWAIN ENTERTAINED. Dinner in Honor of His Sixty-seventy Birthday Given by Col. Harvey at the Metropolitan Club". The New York Times. 19 November 1902. Retrieved 18 March 2012 – via Twain Quotes.
  9. ^ "Henry Sleeper Harper". Titanica. 19 April 1912. Retrieved 18 March 2012.
  10. ^ "THE REAL ESTATE FIELD - Another Import".
  11. ^ Donaldson, Alfred Lee (1921). A history of the Adirondacks. Vol. 2. New York: Century Co. p. 430. Retrieved 18 March 2012.
  12. ^ Harper's Weekly, Volume 56, Part 1, Page 36
  13. ^ Harper's Weekly, Volume 56, Part 1, Page 33
  14. ^ Harper's Weekly, Volume 56, Part 1, Page 34
  15. ^ Harper's Weekly, Volume 56, Part 1, Page 36