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Herrenberg
Coat of arms
Location of Herrenberg within Böblingen district
Esslingen (district)Tübingen (district)Reutlingen (district)Ludwigsburg (district)StuttgartCalw (district)EnzkreisPforzheimMötzingenJettingenHolzgerlingenDeckenpfronnAidlingenEhningenGärtringenHildrizhausenNufringenBondorfGäufeldenHerrenbergWaldenbuchWeil im SchönbuchWeil im SchönbuchAltdorfHolzgerlingenBöblingenSchönaichSteinenbronnMagstadtSindelfingenGrafenauWeil der StadtRenningenRutesheimRutesheimWeissachLeonbergHerrenberg in BB.svg
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Herrenberg
Herrenberg
Herrenberg
Herrenberg
Coordinates: 48°35′48″N 8°52′15″E / 48.59667°N 8.87083°E / 48.59667; 8.87083Coordinates: 48°35′48″N 8°52′15″E / 48.59667°N 8.87083°E / 48.59667; 8.87083
CountryGermany
StateBaden-Württemberg
Admin. regionStuttgart
DistrictBöblingen
Subdivisions8
Government
 • MayorThomas Sprißler
Area
 • Total65.71 km2 (25.37 sq mi)
Elevation
460 m (1,510 ft)
Population
 (2019-12-31)[1]
 • Total31,738
 • Density480/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
71070–71083
Dialling codes07032
Vehicle registrationBB
Websiteherrenberg.de

Herrenberg is a town in the middle of Baden-Württemberg, about 30 km south of Stuttgart and 20 km from Tübingen. After Sindelfingen, Böblingen, and Leonberg, it is the fourth largest town in the district of Böblingen.

Location

Herrenberg is situated on the western edge of the Schönbuch forest and is a central town within the Gäu region. The Stiftskirche, which houses the Glockenmuseum (bell museum), is a tourist attraction in the main square.

The following towns and municipalities border Herrenberg. They are listed in clockwise direction beginning in the north:

Deckenpfronn, Gärtringen, Nufringen, Hildrizhausen and Altdorf (all Böblingen district), Ammerbuch (Tübingen district), Gäufelden and Jettingen (both Böblingen district) as well as Wildberg (Calw district).

History

The once small community Herrenberg was formed out of the hamlets "Mühlhausen" and "Raistingen", who were combinated in the 13th century, when Herrenberg was founded. In 1278, Herrenberg was first documented, although Pfalzgraf Rudolf von Tübingen already wrote in 1228 "castrum nostrum herrenberc" into a certificate. From 1276, the church building was started, which at the time, had two towers.

The supposed founder of the Rosicrucian movement in Europe, Johann Valentin Andreae, who also wrote The Chemical Wedding of Christian Rosenkreutz, was born in Herrenberg on 17 August 1586.[2]

Town arrangement

Herrenberg consists of the town centre and the 7 additional towns which were merged in the regional reorganization of the 1960s and 1970s. The number of inhabitants of Herrenberg exceeded 20,000 in 1972 due to the incorporation of the following formerly independent municipalities:

In each different area of Herrenberg there is an office for the district and a town clerk.

Population

Year Population
1622 ca. 1,800
1652 1,006
1771 1,570
1803 1,796
1825 1,985
1843 2,140
1861 2,015
1 December 1871 2,127
1 December 1880¹ 2,646
1 December 1890¹ 2,614
1 December 1900¹ 2,557
1 December 1910¹ 2,705
16 June 1925¹ 3,021
Year Population
16 June 1933¹ 3,395
17 May 1939¹ 3,689
1946 5,605
13 September 1950¹ 6,292
6 June 1961¹ 9,539
27 May 1970¹ 12,573
31 December 1975 24,389
31 December 1980 25,422
27 May 1987¹ 26,001
31 December 1990 27,344
31 December 1995 28,839
31 December 2000 30,377
30 September 2004 31,195
23 November 2006² 31,235
31 December 2010 31,292 [3]
The S-Bahn train
The S-Bahn train

Politics

The local council has, since the last election on 13 June 2004, has a total of 40 Seats. The distribution of the different parties and groups are as follows: (in German)

Business

Internationally known businesses located in Herrenberg include:

Transport

Herrenberg train station
Herrenberg train station

Herrenberg station is on the Gäu Railway (Gäu bahn) and is at the start of the Ammer Valley Railway (Ammertalbahn) It is the southern end of services on line S1 of the Stuttgart S-Bahn. It also has connections, via the A81, to Stuttgart and northern Germany. To the south the A81 provides access to Switzerland, Austria and Italy. Herrenberg is also close to Strasbourg, which is only about 110 km [1] to the west.

Tourism

Town hall in front of the historical collegial church
Town hall in front of the historical collegial church

Herrenberg has several hotels as well as accommodations in smaller guest houses in the Old Town. The Old Town has many restaurants including; Italian, Chinese, Indian, Greek, Mexican and German cuisine . There are also ice cream shops and cafes. The Stadtfest (town festival) is held annually in July. 25,000 people turn up for the town festival to celebrate, drink, and listen to the live music in the squares. [2]

Sights

The symbol of the town, the traditional church "Stiftskirche", with its Glockenmuseum (bell museum) the tower, as well as the "Herrenberger Rathaus" (town hall) and the historical ruins of the castle "Schlossberg", are an attractive destination for tourists of all over the world. There are guided tours (some in English) as well through the historical buildings of the town. Large sections of the old city wall are still standing (or have been rebuilt) and numerous timber-framed houses fill the "Old Town" surrounding the "Marktplatz" (market place),

Sport

The Baseball & Softball Club Herrenberg Wanderers' men's team played in the Baseball Bundesliga in 2002 and 2004, and since 2007 the women have been represented in the 1st Softball Bundesliga. In 1999, the youth team became German champions.

The first men's handball team, SG H2Ku Herrenberg (SGH2Ku), secured the championship title in the Southern Regional League on the last matchday of the 2009/2010 season and thus promotion to the 2nd Handball Bundesliga, the second handball league. The SG finished the 2010/2011 season in 14th place, which was not enough to stay in the 2nd Handball League due to the league restructuring. The SG played in the 3rd league in the 2011/2012 season. In June 2011, the team was renamed SG H2Ku Herrenberg. The female A-youth team became German runner-up in the 2002/2003 season.

Currently, there is one major football club in Herrenberg called VfL Herrenberg, which plays in the Bezirksliga, the eigth step of the German football league system.

Twin towns – sister cities

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Germany

Herrenberg is twinned with:[4]

References

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2019". Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (in German). September 2020.
  2. ^ Grey, Global. "Chymical Wedding of Christian Rosenkreutz, PDF". Global Grey. Retrieved 2019-08-16.
  3. ^ http://www.statistik.baden-wuerttemberg.de/SRDB/home.asp
  4. ^ "Partnerstädte". herrenberg.de (in German). Herrenberg. Retrieved 2021-03-05.