Hessenliga
Hessen-Liga
Organising bodyHessian Football Association
Founded1945
CountryGermany
StateHesse
Other club(s) fromBavaria
Number of teams20
Level on pyramidLevel 5
Promotion toRegionalliga Südwest
Relegation to
Domestic cup(s)Hessenpokal
Current championsEintracht Frankfurt II
(2022–23)

The Hessenliga (until 2008 Oberliga Hessen) is the highest football league in the state of Hesse and the Hessian football league system. It is one of fourteen Oberligas in German football, the fifth tier of the German football league system. Until the introduction of the 3. Liga in 2008 it was the fourth tier of the league system, until the introduction of the Regionalligas in 1994 the third tier.

Overview

The league was formed in 1945 and except for its first two seasons it has always played as one single division. The league was called Landesliga-Hessen until 1950 and actually formed the second tier of southern German football. With the introduction of the 2nd Oberliga Süd in 1950, the Landesliga-Hessen was renamed Amateurliga Hessen. From 1978, it was called Amateur Oberliga Hessen and finally, in 1994 it was renamed Oberliga Hessen.

Since introduction of the Regionalliga Süd in 1994, the winner of the Oberliga Hessen is automatically promoted to this league. Until 1994 the winners of the Oberligas had to play-off for the four promotion spots to the 2. Bundesliga with the other Oberliga winners.

In 1994, with the introduction of the Regionalliga, six clubs from Hesse were qualified for the new league, based on their performance over the last three seasons, these clubs being:

Originally, FSV Frankfurt, champions of 1994, would have also been qualified but gained promotion to the 2. Bundesliga instead.

The Oberliga Hessen still remained below the Regionalliga Süd after the reduction of the number of Regionalligas from four to two in 2000 but this reduction meant that the Oberliga champions in that year were not promoted.

With the changes in the league system in 2008, four clubs from the Hessenliga were promoted to Regionalliga Süd after the 2007–08 season, nominally the top four teams, however, there was also financial requirements to receive a Regionalliga licence. The four clubs were:

The Hessenliga is fed by the three Verbandsligen. The winners of those are directly promoted to the Hessenliga, the three runners-up play-off for one more promotion spot.

The Hessenliga also, at times, accommodated teams from Bavaria, Viktoria Aschaffenburg and FC Bayern Alzenau. In the 2011–12 season, Viktoria played in the league while Alzenau played one level above in the Regionalliga.

From 2012 onwards, the league became a feeder league to the new Regionalliga Südwest, together with the Oberliga Baden-Württemberg and the Oberliga Rheinland-Pfalz/Saar. The previous league the Hessenliga was set below at, the Regionalliga Süd, was disbanded after the 2011–12 season.[1]

Champions

The league champions since 1945:

League placings

Main article: List of clubs in the Hessenliga

The complete list of clubs and placings in the league since being renamed to Hessenliga in 2008:

Club 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23
TSV Steinbach Haiger 1 R R R R R R R R
Viktoria Aschaffenburg R 10 R R R 1 R 2 1 R R R R R
KSV Hessen Kassel R R R R R R R R R R 3 2 R R R
SG Barockstadt Fulda-Lehnerz 5 4 1 1 R
Eintracht Frankfurt II R R R R R R 1
FC Gießen1 1 R 4 1 R R R 2
Türk Gücü Friedberg 13 11 5 14 3
FSV 1926 Fernwald 12 13 9 3 7 10 18 10 7 4
Eintracht Stadtallendorf 8 4 8 15 9 11 9 5 2 R R 1 R 2 5
KSV Baunatal 5 3 3 2 1 R R 12 9 10 7 12 13 16 6
Rot-Weiß Walldorf 9 3 12 7
FC Hanau 93 14 4 15 8
SV Steinbach 14 17 16 11 17 9
1. FC Erlensee 20 5 10
FC Eddersheim 17 8 3 19 4 11
FC Bayern Alzenau 2 R 1 R R 14 4 15 4 2 2 R R 11 12
SC Waldgirmes 1 2 2 14 14 5 9 10 7 8 13
SV Adler Weidenhausen 14
Viktoria Griesheim 10 16 14 8 13 14 11 8 17 13 15
TuS Dietkirchen 15 15 10 16
SV Unter-Flockenbach 17
SV Neuhof 17 14 9 18
SpVgg Hadamar 13 4 6 3 10 6 6 4 6 6 6 19
TSV Steinbach II 20
SC Hessen Dreieich 13 1 1 R 7 2 3
FV Bad Vilbel 10 13 12 18
Hünfelder SV 10 9 16 8 19 15 18 19
VfB Ginsheim 8 6 5 16 20
SV Zeilsheim 9 21
SV Buchonia Flieden 16 13 11 3 15 8 17 12 14 8 22
FSC Lohfelden 19 9 6 12 12 4 11 9 12
FC Ederbergland 17 15 12 13 16
SpVgg 03 Neu-Isenburg 11 17
TSV Lehnerz 4 2 3 7 3
Borussia Fulda 17 11 5 7
Rot-Weiß Frankfurt 11 7 14 17 2 3 15
OSC Vellmar 9 15 6 7 11 2 11 14 10 16
Sportfreunde Seligenstadt 8 7 9 8
Rot-Weiß Darmstadt 11 8 12 13 16 15
Viktoria Kelsterbach 16
Viktoria Urberach 3 11 7 5 15 17
1. FC Eschborn 6 8 4 1 R 3 10 6
SV Wiesbaden 9 5 7
SpVgg Oberrad 13 16
SV Wehen II R R R 6 5 7 6
1. FC Schwalmstadt 14 17 17
TGM SV Jügesheim 10 2 1
FSV Frankfurt II 1 R R R 5
Kickers Offenbach II 4 5 5 12 13 18
FSV Braunfels 16
1. FCA Darmstadt 12 16 18
Eintracht Wetzlar 10 18
RSV Würges 14 6 15
VfB Marburg 12 18
KSV Klein-Karben 7 16
Germania Ober-Roden 15 17
TSG Wörsdorf 13 18
SVA Bad Hersfeld 19
KSV Hessen Kassel II 18

1 Formerly Teutonia Watzenborn-Steinberg.

Key

Symbol Key
OL
B
Oberliga Süd (1945–63)
Bundesliga (1963–present)
2O
RL
2B
2nd Oberliga Süd (1950–63)
Regionalliga Süd (1963–74)
2. Bundesliga (1974–present)
3L 3. Liga (2008–present)
R Regionalliga Süd (1994–2012)
Regionalliga Südwest (2012–present)
1 League champions
Place Played in the a different Oberliga division
Place League
Blank Played at a league level below this league

References

  1. ^ DFB-Bundestag beschließt Reform der Spielklassen (in German) DFB. 22 October 2010. Retrieved 16 July 2011.

Sources