The Countess Temple
Countess Temple
In office
Preceded byNew creation
Succeeded byRichard Grenville-Temple
Viscountess Cobham
In office
Preceded byRichard Temple
Succeeded byRichard Grenville-Temple
Personal details
Hester Temple

c. 1690
(m. 1710; died 1727)
ChildrenRichard Grenville-Temple, 2nd Earl Temple
George Grenville
James Grenville
Henry Grenville
Thomas Grenville
Hester Pitt, Countess of Chatham
ParentsSir Richard Temple, 3rd Baronet
Mary Knapp
RelativesWilliam Pitt the Younger (grandson)
Richard Temple, 1st Viscount Cobham (brother)

Hester Grenville, 1st Countess Temple, 2nd Viscountess Cobham (née Temple; c. 1690 –1752) was an English noblewoman. She was the mother and grandmother of the Prime Ministers George Grenville and William Grenville.

Life and family

She was the daughter (and eventual co-heir) of Sir Richard Temple, 3rd Bt. (1634–1697), of Stowe, Buckinghamshire,[1] and his wife, Mary Knapp.

Hester married Richard Grenville of Wotton in Buckinghamshire on 25 November 1710, and became the mother of five sons, all of whom served as members of parliament:

Her daughter, Hester (1720-1803), was the wife of William Pitt the Elder and mother of William Pitt the Younger, who both became prime minister.[2]

Hester was the sister of Richard Temple, 1st Viscount Cobham, whose title she inherited under a special remainder in 1749; on 18 October of the same year, her husband being long dead, she was created 1st Countess Temple.[3][4] Lord Cobham had excluded from succession his nephews Temple West and Gilbert West (who were sons of his elder sister Maria and Richard West), and also his other sister Penelope.[5]


  1. ^ Larsen, Ruth M. "Pitt, Hester". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/89688. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  2. ^ Larsen, Ruth M. - Pitt (née Grenville), Hester, countess of Chatham and suo jure Baroness Chatham (1720–1803), political wife - Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  3. ^ "No. 8892". The London Gazette. 10 October 1749. p. 2.
  4. ^ The Complete Peerage, Volume 12, part one, page 658.
  5. ^ Kilburn, Matthew. "Temple, Richard". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/27119. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
Peerage of Great Britain New creation Countess Temple1749–1752 Succeeded byRichard Grenville-Temple Preceded byRichard Temple Viscountess Cobham1749–1752