Wall relief of Horus at the temple of Edfu, Egypt

The hieracosphinx (Ancient Greek: ἱερακόσφιγξ) is a mythical beast found in Egyptian sculpture and European heraldry.[1] The god Haroeris ("Horus the Elder") was usually depicted as one.[2] The name Hieracosphinx comes from the Greek Ιερακόσφιγξ, which means ἱέραξ (Hawk) + Σφίγξ (Sphinx).


The Hieracosphinx has the head of a hawk and the body of a lion. The name was coined by Herodotus to the hawk-headed sphinxes that he saw in Egypt (the other being the ram-headed sphinx which Herodotus called Criosphinx (Ancient Greek: Κριόσφιγξ)).

In popular culture

The Hieracosphinx is the name of a monster card in the Yu-Gi-Oh! Trading Card Game.[3]

In the Real-time strategy game Age of Mythology, worshipping Bast allows players to upgrade their Sphinxes to Hieracosphinxes.

See also


  1. ^ Gwynn-Jones, P. Ll. (1998) The Art of Heraldry : origins, symbols, designs, London : Parkgate, ISBN 1-85585-560-7
  2. ^ http://tarot.vn/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/CCI18122015_0105.png[bare URL image file]
  3. ^ "Hieracosphinx | Card Details | Yu-Gi-Oh! TRADING CARD GAME - CARD DATABASE".