Higashimurayama
東村山市
Higashimurayama City Hall
Location of Higashimurayama in Tokyo Metropolis
Higashimurayama
Higashimurayama
 
Coordinates: 35°45′16.6″N 139°28′6.6″E / 35.754611°N 139.468500°E / 35.754611; 139.468500Coordinates: 35°45′16.6″N 139°28′6.6″E / 35.754611°N 139.468500°E / 35.754611; 139.468500
CountryJapan
RegionKantō
PrefectureTokyo
Area
 • Total17.14 km2 (6.62 sq mi)
Population
 (April 2021)
 • Total148,275
 • Density8,700/km2 (22,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
Symbols 
• TreeZelkova serrata
• FlowerAzalea
• BirdWhite wagtail
Phone number042-393-5111
Address1-2-3 Honcho, Higashimurayama-shi, Tokyo-to 189-8501
WebsiteOfficial website
Shōfuku-ji Jizō-dō

Higashimurayama (東村山市, Higashi-murayama-shi) is a city located in the western portion of Tokyo Metropolis, Japan. As of 1 March 2021, the city had an estimated population of 148,275, and a population density of 8700 persons per km².[1] The total area of the city is 17.14 square kilometres (6.62 sq mi)..

Geography

Higashimurayama is located on the eastern edge of the Sayama Hills, almost in the center of the Musashino Terrace. Most of the city area is flat, except for the northwestern hills.

Surrounding municipalities

Tokyo Metropolis

Saitama Prefecture

Climate

Higashimurayama has a Humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cool winters with light to no snowfall. The average annual temperature in Higashimurayama is 14.0 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1647 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 25.7 °C, and lowest in January, at around 2.3 °C.[2]

Demographics

Per Japanese census data,[3] the population of Higashimurayama increased rapidly in the 1950s and 1960s.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1920 7,798—    
1930 9,462+21.3%
1940 11,402+20.5%
1950 17,993+57.8%
1960 46,946+160.9%
1970 96,545+105.7%
1980 119,363+23.6%
1990 134,002+12.3%
2000 142,290+6.2%
2010 153,365+7.8%

History

The area of present-day Higashimurayama has been inhabited since Japanese Paleolithic times, and numerous remains from the Jōmon, Yayoi and Kofun periods have been discovered. During the Nara period, it became part of ancient Musashi Province. During the Kamakura period, it was the location of the Battle of Kumegawa in 1333.

In the post-Meiji Restoration cadastral reform of April 1, 1889, several villages merged to form Higashimurayama Village in Nishitama District, at that time part of Kanagawa Prefecture. The entire district was transferred to the control of Tokyo Prefecture on April 1, 1893. On April 1, 1942, Higashimurayama Village became the town of Higashimurayama. On April 1, 1964, Higashimurayama was elevated to city status.

Government

Higashimurayama has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city council of 25 members. Higashimurayama, collectively with Higashiyamato and Musashimurayama, contributes three members to the Tokyo Metropolitan Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Tokyo 20th district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

Economy

Higashimurayama was formerly an agricultural area, and was noted for its production of sweet potatoes. It is now primary a regional commercial center, and a bedroom community for central Tokyo.

Transportation

Railway

JR EastMusashino Line

Seibu RailwaySeibu Shinjuku Line

Seibu Railway – Seibu Haijima Line

Seibu Railway – Seibu Kokubunji Line

Seibu Railway – Seibu Tamako Line

Seibu Railway – Seibu Ikebukuro Line

Seibu Railway – Seibu Seibu-en Line

Seibu Railway – Seibu Yamaguchi Line

Highway

Education

Higashimurayama has 15 public elementary schools and seven public middle schools operated by the city government, and three private combined middle/high schools. The city also has two public high schools operated by the Tokyo Metropolitan Board of Education.

Local attractions

Sister cities

Higashimurayama is twinned with the following cities:[4][5]

City Region Country Year
Kashiwazaki  Niigata  Japan 1996
Independence  Missouri  United States 1978
Suzhou China Jiangsu  China 2005

Notable people from Higashimurayama

References

  1. ^ "Higashimurayama city official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
  2. ^ Higashimurayama climate data
  3. ^ Higashimurayama population statistics
  4. ^ "Sister Cities". Archived from the original on 5 May 2014. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
  5. ^ "東村山市ホームページへようこそ!". Higashimurayama City Official Site. June 2007. Archived from the original on 2007-08-21. Retrieved 2007-10-31.