High Altitude Research Laboratory
TypeAstrophysics and Nuclear research

High Altitude Research Laboratory (HARL) is a research laboratory located at Gulmarg, India.[1]


The laboratory was established in 1954, jointly by Aligarh Muslim University and University of Jammu and Kashmir to conduct scientific research in the field of ionospheric studies, cosmic ray astrophysics, radio astronomy, geomagnetism, and atmospheric neutron monitoring. It was formally opened on 4 April 1954.[2]

In 1963, the laboratory became a constituent part of Bhabha Atomic Research Centre[3] and it is managed by BARC's Astrophysical Sciences Division (ASD).[4]

In 1974, to assist HARL in executing different research projects in the field of nuclear physics and radiation physics, Nuclear Research Laboratory was set up in Srinagar.[5]

Research & development

Gulmarg observatory

Since 1977, the Gulmarg Observatory is in operation. It was established to study the geomagnetic field near the center of the ionospheric Sq current system to fill a gap in the chain of magnetic observatories between India and the erstwhile Soviet Union.[6]


  1. ^ Razdan, H. (1969-01-01). "RESEARCH ACTIVITY AT HIGH ALTIDUDE RESEARCH LABORATORY, GULMARG". pp 296-9 of Proceedings of the Eleventh Symposium on Cosmic Rays, Astrophysics, Geophysics and Elementary Particle Physics, 1969. Vol. I. Bombay Department of Atomic Energy (1969).
  2. ^ "The Gulmarg Observatory". Physics Today. 7 (6): 8–8. June 1954. doi:10.1063/1.3061682. ISSN 0031-9228.
  3. ^ "High Altitude Research Laboratory (HARL) at Gulmarg | Gulmarg.org – Skiing, Adventure, Fun in Gulmarg, Kashmir". Retrieved 2022-06-06.
  4. ^ "Organisational Chart:Bhabha Atomic Research Centre(BARC), Department of Atomic Energy,Government of India". www.barc.gov.in. Retrieved 2022-06-06.
  5. ^ Kaul, P.K.; Razdan, H. (1985). "PROGRESS REPORT FOR (1974 - 1984) NUCLEAR RESEARCH LABORATORY SRINAGAR, KASHMIR" (PDF). International Nuclear Information System, International Atomic Energy Agency. Mumbai: Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Atomic Energy Commission of India. p. 4.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  6. ^ "Gulmarg | Indian Institute of Geomagnetism (IIG)". iigm.res.in. Retrieved 2022-06-06.