.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{box-sizing:border-box;width:100%;padding:5px;border:none;font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .hidden-title{font-weight:bold;line-height:1.6;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output .hidden-content{text-align:left}You can help expand this article with text translated from the corresponding article in Russian. (October 2018) Click [show] for important translation instructions. Machine translation, like DeepL or Google Translate, is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing Russian Wikipedia article at [[:ru:Дорожный гипноз]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated|ru|Дорожный гипноз)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.

Open road in Indiana

Highway hypnosis, also known as white line fever, is an altered mental state in which an automobile driver can travel lengthy distances, responding to external events in the expected, safe, and correct manner with no recollection of having consciously done so.[1] In this state, the driver's conscious mind is fully focused elsewhere, while seemingly still processing the information needed to drive safely. Highway hypnosis is a manifestation of the common process of automaticity.[2]

The concept was first described in a 1921 article that mentioned the phenomenon of "road hypnotism": driving in a trance-like state while gazing at a fixed point. A 1929 study, Sleeping with the Eyes Open by Walter Miles, also addressed the subject, suggesting that motorists could fall asleep with their eyes open and continue to steer.[3] The idea that this phenomenon could explain the unaccountable automobile accidents became popular in the 1950s.[4] The term "highway hypnosis" was coined by G. W. Williams in 1963.[3][5] Building on the theories of Ernest Hilgard (1986, 1992) that hypnosis is an altered state of awareness, some theorists hold that the consciousness can develop hypnotic dissociation. In highway hypnosis, one stream of consciousness drives the car while the other deals with other matters. Partial or complete amnesia related to the time spent driving under highway hypnosis can develop for the driver involved.

See also


  1. ^ Weiten, Wayne (2003). Psychology Themes and Variations (6th ed.). Belmont, California: Wadsworth/Thomas Learning. p. 200. ISBN 0-534-59769-6.
  2. ^ Monitor, Magazine (December 4, 2013). "What is 'highway hypnosis'?". BBC News. Retrieved July 31, 2018.
  3. ^ a b Underwood, Geoffrey D. M. (2005). Traffic and transport psychology: theory and application: proceedings of the ICTTP 2004. Elsevier. pp. 455–456. ISBN 978-0-08-044379-9.
  4. ^ Weitzenhoffer, André Muller (2000). The practice of hypnotism. John Wiley and Sons. pp. 413–414. ISBN 978-0-471-29790-1.
  5. ^ Williams, G. W. (1963). "Highway Hypnosis". International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis. 11 (103): 143–151. doi:10.1080/00207146308409239. PMID 14050133.