Hindus of Delhi
Statueofshiva.JPG
Statue of Shiva in Delhi.
Total population
13,712,100 (2011)[1]
81.68% of total population
Religions
Hinduism
Languages
Sanskrit (sacred)
Hindi (majority) and other languages, mainly by diaspora

Hinduism is the majority religion in Delhi, India. According to the 2011 Census of India, the National Capital Territory of Delhi has 13,712,100 Hindus, who form 81.68% of the population.[1] Hinduism can be extensively seen in culture and history of Delhi and was established by Hindu Tomara king, Anangpala.[2] Though, the Hindus have seen some decline in the Delhi Sultanate and Mughal Empire, due to conversions and persecution.[3] Delhi is also home to many Hindu temple and ashrams.[4] There are more than 590 registered temples in Delhi,[5] out of which Kalka, Birla, Akshardham and ISKCON Temple are the most visited.[4]

History

See also: History and Timeline of Delhi

Early history

Hinduism is believed to have been present in Delhi from prehistoric times, during the times of Pandavas when it was their capital by the name of Indraprastha and was under the control of Kuru Kingdom.[6] The area city was also under the rule of the Maurya Empire from 300–100 BCE.[7] The region has been significantly invaded and ruled by many dynasty from 200–800 CE, mainly under the Gupta and Kushan Empire due to its location.[8] Then the city was first time established in 1052 CE by Hindu king, Anangpal Tomar of Tomara dynasty, when he established Anangpur as the capital city of his kingdom.[9]

Demographics

Population by District

See also: Hindus by district in India

# Sub-district Total population Hindu population %
1 Central Delhi 582320 364148 62.53%
2 East Delhi 1709346 1410852 82.54%
3 New Delhi 142004 124482 87.66%
4 North Delhi 887978 726443 81.81%
5 North East Delhi 2241624 1529337 68.22%
6 North West Delhi 3656539 3211042 87.82%
7 South Delhi 2731929 2155759 78.91%
8 South West Delhi 2292958 2102743 91.70%
9 West Delhi 2543243 2087294 82.07%

Population by sub-district

# Sub-district Total population Hindu population %
1 Chanakya Puri 61382 53027 86.39%
2 Civil Lines 688616 619824 90.01%
3 Connaught Place 28228 24444 86.59%
4 Darya Ganj 271108 89320 32.95%
5 Defence Colony 637775 408380 64.03%
6 Delhi Cantonment 286140 260060 90.89%
7 Gandhi Nagar 395342 298533 75.51%
8 Hauz Khas 1231293 1022037 83.01%
9 Kalkaji 862861 725342 84.06%
10 Karol Bagh 136599 124374 91.05%
11 Kotwali 69174 41588 60.12%
12 Model Town 595810 490973 82.40%
13 Najafgarh 1365152 1268010 92.88%
14 Narela 809913 719023 88.78%
15 Pahar Ganj 174613 150454 86.16%
16 Parliament Street 52394 47011 89.73%
17 Patel Nagar 1262158 1018371 80.68%
18 Preet Vihar 1066098 898326 84.26%
19 Punjabi Bagh 799453 698884 87.42%
20 Rajouri Garden 481632 370039 76.83%
21 Sadar Bazar 130188 65031 49.95%
22 Saraswati Vihar 2250816 2001046 88.90%
23 Seelam Pur 1378779 892857 64.76%
24 Seema Puri 539914 430496 79.73%
25 Shahdara 322931 205984 63.79%
26 Vasant Vihar 641666 574673 89.56%
27 Vivek Vihar 247906 213993 86.32%

Communities

In local and ruler Delhi, the Gurjar, Jats, Rajput, Brahmin and other Dalit communities have been residing in Delhi from long times.[10][11] After Partition, many Sindhis (mainly Hindus) from Pakistan came and settled in New Delhi. Due to Urbanization of New Delhi many people of Bihar, Uttarakhandis and other neighbouring regions came to settle in Delhi.[12]

References

Citations

  1. ^ a b Indian census 2011, p. 6-7.
  2. ^ Vasanji 2019, p. 7.
  3. ^ Er-info 2014.
  4. ^ a b Trans Travel 2016.
  5. ^ Ixigo 2013.
  6. ^ Tillotson 2019, p. 6.
  7. ^ Singh 2006, p. 14.
  8. ^ Singh 2006, p. 12.
  9. ^ Dwivedi 1983, p. 188.
  10. ^ Delhi polls 2019.
  11. ^ Kumar 2013, p. 2.
  12. ^ RE 1993, p. 32 Ch: Delhi: The Stop-Go Capital: A Summation

Bibliography