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The Hingora are a Muslim community found in the state of Gujarat in India and a province of Sindh in Pakistan. They are one of a number of communities of Maldhari pastoral nomads found in the Banni region of Kutch.[1]

History and origin

Hingora Community is living in Kutch for about four hundred years with the qualities of love, loyalty and fearlessness. After the monarchy at the time of partition of united India, he chose to stay in his motherland Kutch by choice. Most of the population is in the villages around Vinzan of Abadsa taluka like Vinzan, Khirsara (Vin), Nanavada, Dhanavada, Gadhvada, Sandhav etc. Hamuraivandh (next to Shirurvandh) and Varnoli (next to Moti Sindhodi) were also populated. (Hamuraivandh and Varnoli are not populated at present) From time to time some families also live in villages like Charopadi Nani, Kothara, Shirurvandh, Manjal, Raydhanjar, Tera etc. for business purposes. The population of Hingora community is in Kotda (Roha) of Nakhtrana taluka, Sedata of Bhuj taluka and Pundi of Mandvi taluka. Currently in business, employment, business sense also resides in cities like Bhuj, Mundra, Mandvi, Gandhidham, Bhachau, Nakhtrana and Mumbai.

Present circumstances

The community is concentrated in the talukas of Bhuj, RiskyFarm Abdasa and Mandvi in Kutch District, the districts of Jamnagar, Junagadh, Porbandar of Gujarat, Jodhpur of Rajasthan and the neighbouring districts of Badin and Tharparkar and District Dadu in Sindh. They speak a dialect of Kutchi, Marwadi with substantial Sindhi loan words. The community is endigomous, but does marry with other Samma communities, such as the Hingorja.[2]

The Hingora are a community of big, peasant farmers. Hingora have own businesses. After partition of the India and Pakistan, many Hingoras also migrated to Pakistan and living in Karachi Lyari.

Hingora Communities (Nukh)

  1. Noghrani (نوگھرانی)
  2. Jamootar (جاموتر)
  3. Kundra (کندرہ)
  4. Wand (وند)
  5. Khakwani (خاکوانی)
  6. Hajani (حاجانی)
  7. Viryani (ویریانی)
  8. Moosani (موسانی)
  9. Khanani (خانانی)
  10. Fulhani (فلہانی)
  11. Khetani (کھیتانی)
  12. Dongrani (ڈونگرانی)
  13. Jivrani (جیورانی)
  14. Qesrani (قیصرانی)
  15. Adhani (آدانی)
  16. Dhal (دھل)
  17. Samwanigreat (ساموانی)
  18. Devrani (ڈیورانی)
  19. Laakhyar (لاکھیار)
  20. Dosani (ڈوسانی)
  21. Banani (بانانی)
  22. Elwani (علوانی)
  23. Adwani (آدوانی)
  24. Khemani (خیمانی)
  25. Ptani (پتانی)
  26. Bebani (بیبانی)
  27. Tamachi (تماچحی)
  28. Begani (بیگانی)
  29. Malwani (ملوانی)
  30. Malde (مالڈے)
  31. Esaany (عیسانی)
  32. Othani (اوٹھانی)
  33. Allo (علو)
  34. Dodani (دودانی)
  35. Nathani (ناتھانی)
  36. Hoothi (ہوتھی)
  37. Dojani (ڈوجانی)
  38. Hasmani Hingora kundhra
  39. Hingora Village Darh Sharif Jung Dadu

See also

References

  1. ^ People of India Gujarat Volume XXI Part Two edited by R.B Lal, P.B.S.V Padmanabham, G Krishnan & M Azeez Mohideen pages 505-508
  2. ^ People of India Gujarat,RAJASTHAN Volume XXI Part Two edited by R.B Lal, P.B.S.V Padmanabham, G Krishnan & M Azeez Mohideen pages 505-508