Hino
日野市
Hino City Hall
Hino City Hall
Flag of Hino
Official seal of Hino
Location of Hino in Tokyo Metropolis
Location of Hino in Tokyo Metropolis
Hino is located in Japan
Hino
Hino
 
Coordinates: 35°40′16.6″N 139°23′42.5″E / 35.671278°N 139.395139°E / 35.671278; 139.395139Coordinates: 35°40′16.6″N 139°23′42.5″E / 35.671278°N 139.395139°E / 35.671278; 139.395139
CountryJapan
RegionKantō
PrefectureTokyo
First official recordedlate 7th century AD
City settledNovember 3, 1963
Government
 • MayorFuyuhiko Otsubo (since April 2013)
Area
 • Total27.55 km2 (10.64 sq mi)
Population
 (April 2021)
 • Total187,048
 • Density6,800/km2 (18,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
City symbols 
• TreeLive oak
• FlowerChrysanthemum
• BirdCommon kingfisher
Phone number042-585-1111
Address1-12-1 Shimmei, Hino-shi, Tokyo-to 191-8686
WebsiteOfficial website
Takahata Fudō in Hino
Takahata Fudō in Hino

Hino (日野市, Hino-shi) is a city located in the western portion of Tokyo Metropolis, Japan. As of 1 April 2021, the city had an estimated population of 187,048, and a population density of 6800 persons per km².[1] The total area of the city was 27.55 square kilometres (10.64 sq mi).

Geography

Hino is in Western Tokyo. The city has three geographical regions. The western part is called the Hino plateau, approximately 100 meters above sea level. The southern part is Tama Hills, between 150 and 200 meters above sea level. The eastern part of the city is an alluvial plain of the Tama River.

Surrounding municipalities

Tokyo Metropolis

Climate

Hino has a Humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cool winters with light to no snowfall. The average annual temperature in Hino is 13.9 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1647 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 25.4 °C, and lowest in January, at around 2.9 °C.[2]

Demographics

Per Japanese census data,[3] the population of Musashino increased rapidly in the 1950s through 1980s, but has remained relatively constant for the past 40 years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1920 8,150—    
1930 9,175+12.6%
1940 12,476+36.0%
1950 24,444+95.9%
1960 43,394+77.5%
1970 98,557+127.1%
1980 145,448+47.6%
1990 165,928+14.1%
2000 167,942+1.2%
2010 179,646+7.0%

History

The area of present-day Hino was part of ancient Musashi Province. During the Edo period, the village of Hino developed as a post station on the Kōshū Kaidō.

In the post-Meiji Restoration cadastral reform of 1871, Hino-juku became part of Kanagawa Prefecture. In the reorganization of districts in 1889, Hino-juku came under the jurisdiction of Minamitama District. The entire district was transferred to the control of Tokyo Prefecture on April 1, 1893, at which time Hino-juku was proclaimed Hino Town under the modern municipalities system. The area of the town expanded through annexation of neighboring villages in 1901 and 1958. On November 3, 1963, Hino was elevated to city status.

Government

Hino has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city council of 24 members. Hino contributes two members to the Tokyo Metropolitan Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Tokyo 21st district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

Politics

Economy

Hino is largely a regional commercial center and bedroom community for central Tokyo.

Hino is the hometown of Orient Watch Co., Ltd. established in 1950 by Shogoro Yoshida.[4]

On December 22, 2008, operations of Seiko Epson's Tokyo sales office began at Seiko Epson's Hino Office. Previously operations were at the World Trade Center in Minato, Tokyo.[5][6]

Hino also houses the headquarters of Hino Motors, a Toyota Group company producing semi-trailer trucks (British and Irish: articulated lorries), box trucks and buses.

Education

Universities

Primary and secondary

Hino has 17 public elementary schools and eight public middle schools operated by the Hino City Board of Education, and three public high schools operated by the Tokyo Metropolitan Government Board of Education.

Transportation

A Tama Toshi Monorail Line train carrying advertising for Tama Zoo
A Tama Toshi Monorail Line train carrying advertising for Tama Zoo

Railway

JR logo (east).svg
JR EastJR EastChūō Main Line

KeioRailway logo.svg
Keio Corporation - Keio CorporationKeiō Line

KeioRailway logo.svg
Keio Corporation - Keio CorporationKeiō Dōbutsuen Line

Tama Toshi Monorail Logo.png
Tokyo Tama Intercity Monorail - Tama Toshi Monorail Line

Highway

Local attractions

Sister cities

Notable people from Hino

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See also

References

  1. ^ "Hino city official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
  2. ^ Hino climate data
  3. ^ Hino population statistics
  4. ^ Orient Watch History Archived 2012-01-10 at the Wayback Machine, (in Japanese). Retrieved 3 October 2014
  5. ^ "Notice Regarding Relocation of Epson Imaging Devices Tokyo Sales Office." Seiko Epson. December 22, 2008. Retrieved on January 13, 2009.
  6. ^ "Information." World Trade Center Tokyo. Retrieved on January 13, 2009.
  7. ^ 日野市と紫波町. Hino City Official Website (in Japanese). Retrieved 29 July 2018.