Original titleἹππαρχικός
LanguageAncient Greek
Original text
Ἱππαρχικός at Greek Wikisource
TranslationHipparchicus at Perseus
  • written: circa 350 BC
  • first printed edition: Filippo Giunti, 1516
  • first printing in England: Clarendon Press, 1693

Hipparchicus (Ἱππαρχικός, Hipparchikós) is one of the two treatises on horsemanship by the Athenian historian and soldier Xenophon (circa 430–354 BC). Other common titles for this work include The cavalry commander and The cavalry general. The other work by Xenophon on horsemanship is Περὶ ἱππικῆς, Perì hippikēs, usually translated as On horsemanship, De equis alendis or The Art of Horsemanship. The title De re equestri may refer to either one of the two works. Hipparchicus deals mainly with the duties of the cavalry commander (hipparchus), while On horsemanship deals with the selection, care and training of horses in general.


The treatises of Xenophon were written in about 350 BC, and were considered the earliest extant works on horsemanship in any literature until the publication by Bedřich Hrozný in 1931 of a Hittite text, that by Kikkuli of the Mitanni Kingdom,[1]: 457  which dates from about 1360 BC. A treatise on horsemanship by Pliny the Elder is believed lost, as was that by Simon of Athens, which is twice mentioned by Xenophon in On horsemanship.[2]: 2  Some fragments of Simon's treatise survive, however;[3] they were published by Franz Rühl in 1912.[4][5]: 4 

Early editions

The first printed edition of Hipparchicus is that in the complete edition of Xenophon of 1516 from the Giunti press:[6]

The earliest printing in Greek in England may be:[7]: 607 


  1. ^ George Sarton (1993). Ancient Science Through the Golden Age of Greece (facsimile of 1952 edition). Courier Dover Publications.
  2. ^ Richard Berenger (1771). The History and Art of Horsemanship. London: T. Davies and T. Cadell.
  3. ^ Antonio Sestili (2006). L'equitazione nella Grecia antica: i trattati equestri di Senofonte e i frammenti di Simone (in Italian). Scandicci (Firenze): Firenze Atheneum. ISBN 9788872552933.
  4. ^ Franz Ruehl (1910, 1912). Xenophontis Scripta Minora. Fasciculus prior, Oeconomicum, Convivium, Hieronem, Agesilaum, Apologiam Socratis continens. Post Ludovicum Dindorf edidit Th. Thalheim; Fasciculus posterior opuscula politica, equestria, venatica continens ... Edidit F. Ruehl. Accedunt Simonis De re equestri quae supersunt (2 volumes, in Latin and Ancient Greek). Leipzig: Teubner.
  5. ^ Anne Elena McCabe (2007). A Byzantine encyclopaedia of horse medicine: the sources, compilation, and transmission of the Hippiatrica. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199277551.
  6. ^ Angelo Maria Bandini (1791). De Florentina luntarum typographia eiusque censoribus ex qua Graeci, Latini, Tusci scriptores ope codicum manuscriptorum a viris clarissimis pristinae integritati restituti in lucem prodierunt; Accedunt excerpta uberrima praefationum libris singulis praemissarum (in Latin). Lucae: Franciscus Bonsignorus.
  7. ^ Jacques-Charles Brunet (1820). Manuel du libraire et de l'amateur de livres (in French). Paris: L'Auteur.


Translations include: