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IPA Hebrew: i
Yiddish: ɪ
Transliteration i
English approximation Hebrew: ski
Yiddish: skip
Ḥiriq Example
The word niqqud in Hebrew. The first vowel (under Nun, the dot underneath) is a ḥiriq itself.
Ḥiriq male Example
The word "baby" in Hebrew with niqqud. Notice the additional Yud י‎⟩.
Other Niqqud
Shva · Hiriq · Tzere · Segol · Patach · Kamatz · Holam · Dagesh · Mappiq · Shuruk · Kubutz · Rafe · Sin/Shin Dot

Hiriq, also called Chirik (Hebrew: חִירִיק ḥiriq  IPA: [χiˈʁik]) is a Hebrew niqqud vowel sign represented by a single dot ⟨ ִ‎ ⟩ underneath the letter. In Modern Hebrew, it indicates the phoneme /i/ which is similar to the "ee" sound in the English word deep and is transliterated with "i". In Yiddish, it indicates the phoneme /ɪ/ which is the same as the "i" sound in the English word skip and is transliterated with "i".


When writing with niqqud, the letter yud י‎⟩ is often written after the letter that carries the Hiriq sign. This is called ḥiriq male (Hebrew: חִירִיק מָלֵא IPA: [χiˈʁik maˈle]), meaning "full" (or "plene") hiriq. In writing without niqqud, the letter yud is added more often as a mater lectionis, than in writing with niqqud, The main exception is the i vowel in a syllable that ends with shva naḥ. For example the words סִדְרָה (series) and סִדְּרָה (she organized) are pronounced identically in modern Hebrew, but in spelling without niqqud סִדְרָה is written סדרה because there is a shva naḥ on the letter ד, and סִדְּרָה is written סידרה.

In Yiddish orthography the ḥiriq is placed under the yud יִ‎⟩.


The following table contains the pronunciation and transliteration of the different Hiriqs in reconstructed historical forms and dialects using the International Phonetic Alphabet.

The letter Bet ב‎⟩ used in this table is only for demonstration, any letter can be used.

Symbol Name Pronunciation
Israeli Ashkenazi Sephardi Yemenite Tiberian Reconstructed
Mishnaic Biblical
בִ Hiriq [i] [i] [i, iː] [i] [i, iː] ? [ɪ]
בִי Ḥiriq male
(Also called, Ḥiriq Yud)
[i] [iː] [iː] [iː] [iː] ? [iː]

Vowel length comparison

These vowels lengths are not manifested in Modern Hebrew. In addition, the short i is usually promoted to a long i in Israeli writing for the sake of disambiguation.

Vowel comparison table
Vowel Length IPA Transliteration English
Long Short Very Short
ִי ִ n/a [i] i ski
Yiddish orthography style
Vowel IPA Transliteration English
No length distinction
יִ [ɪ] i skip

Note: In Yiddish orthography only, the glyph, yud-ḥiriq (יִ‎), pronounced /i/, can be optionally used, rather than typing yud then ḥiriq (יִ‎). In Hebrew spelling this would be pronounced /ji//i/ is written ḥiriq then yud (ִי‎).

Computer encoding

Glyph Unicode Name
ִ U+05B4 HIRIQ

See also