.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{box-sizing:border-box;width:100%;padding:5px;border:none;font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .hidden-title{font-weight:bold;line-height:1.6;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output .hidden-content{text-align:left}@media all and (max-width:500px){.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{width:auto!important;clear:none!important;float:none!important))You can help expand this article with text translated from the corresponding article in Finnish. (June 2023) Click [show] for important translation instructions. Machine translation, like DeepL or Google Translate, is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing Finnish Wikipedia article at [[:fi:Suomen historialliset maakunnat]]; see its history for attribution. You may also add the template ((Translated|fi|Suomen historialliset maakunnat)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.

The historical provinces (Finnish: historialliset maakunnat, singular historiallinen maakunta, Swedish: historiska landskap) are former administrative or cultural areas[1] of Finland, with origins from the slottslän (linnalääni) of the Middle Ages.[2] The historical provinces ceased to be administrative entities in 1634 when they were superseded by the counties, a reform which remained in force in Finland until 1997. The historical provinces remain as a tradition, but have no administrative function today.

Historical provinces of Finland
(the borders of modern regions with yellow colour)

The first name in the parentheses is the Finnish name and the second is the Swedish one.

Finland Proper (Varsinais-Suomi, Egentliga Finland)
Karelia (Karjala, Karelen)
Laponia (Lappi, Lappland)
Ostrobothnia (Pohjanmaa, Österbotten)
Satakunta (Satakunta, Satakunda)
Savonia (Savo, Savolax)
Tavastia (Häme, Tavastland)
Uusimaa (Uusimaa, Nyland)
Åland (Ahvenanmaa, Åland)


Further information: Slottslän

Slotsslän (linnalääni) of Finland roughly align with the historical provinces.

Most of the historical provinces are defined by slottslän (linnalääni), which was an administrative system established by Birger Jarl and King Magnus III of Sweden.[3] The historical provinces which can be defined by slottslän are Åland (Kastelholm [fi]), Finland Proper (Turku [fi]), Satakunta (Kokemäenkartano [fi]), Uusimaa (Raseborg [fi] and Porvoo [fi]), Karelia (Viipuri [fi]), Häme (Hämeenlinna [fi]), Ostrobothnia (Korsholm [fi]) and Savo (Savonlinna [fi]).[2]

The administrative system was replaced in 1634, when the historical provinces and slottslän were replaced by provinces. Even after this, names of the historical provinces were used for the names of the counties, and also as the basis for the territorial definition of the counties. The old symbols of the historical provinces continued to exist in the coats of arms of the counties.

The historical provinces gained a new meaning as part of the national awakening in the 19th century. Such as in Zacharias Topelius' Maamme, where the Finnish tribes based on historical provinces and their perceived stereotypes played a central role in the book.[4]


Tomb of Gustav Vasa where the Coat of arms of Satakunta and Finland Proper are visible

At the funeral of King Gustav Vasa in 1560, the coats of arms for the provinces were displayed together for the first time and several of them had been granted for that particular occasion. After the separation of Finland from Sweden in 1809 the traditions for the provincial arms have somewhat diverged. Finland maintains the distinction between ducal and comital dignity shown in the coronets for arms of the historical provinces, while all the Swedish provinces have carried the Swedish style ducal coronet since 1884. The division of Lapland also necessitated a distinction between the Finnish and the Swedish coats of arms.

The coats of arms of the historical provinces have served as a basis for the arms of the current administrative divisions, the regions of Finland.

See also


  1. ^ Vilkuna, Kustaa (1959). "Maakunnat kulttuurialueina". Tammerkoski /: 328–332.
  2. ^ a b Jutikkala, Eino (1949). Suomen maakunnat. Forssa.((cite book)): CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  3. ^ History of Swedish Counties Retrieved 18 September 2013. Archived
  4. ^ Paasi, Anssi (1986). Neljä maakuntaa: maantieteellinen tutkimus aluetietoisuuden kehittymisestä (in Finnish). Joensuun yliopisto. ISBN 978-951-696-624-6.