|Location||Hanover, Lower Saxony, Germany|
Historisches Museum Hannover is a historical museum Hanover, Lower Saxony, Germany, founded in 1903 as Vaterländisches Museum der Stadt Hannover. Its collections are related to the history of the city, the history of the governing House of Welf, and of the state of Lower Saxony.
The museum, run by the city of Hanover, was opened on 26 April 1903 as Vaterländisches Museum in the Cumberlandsche Galerie. The foundation took place on the initiative of the Heimatbund Niedersachsen . In 1937 the museum was renamed as Niedersächsisches Volkstumsmuseum. It was destroyed in 1943 by the Bombing of Hanover in World War II. From 1950 the provisional reconstruction began under the temporary name of Niedersächsisches Heimatmuseum. In 1966 the museum was opened under its present name in a new building designed by the architect Dieter Oesterlen. The "Verein der Freunde des Historischen Museums" supports the work of the museum financially and ideally.
In 2017, the museum's permanent exhibition, conceived in 1993, was redesigned. In 2020 the museum closes for three years for renovation work.
The headquarters of the museum is located Am Hohen Uferon the Leine river, where the beginning of the medieval settlement of Hanover in the 11th century is assumed, near a Leine crossing of the road between Hildesheim and Bremen, which was secured here by a fiefdom. Even if the derivation of the city's name "Hanovere" or "Honovere" from the "high bank" should not be correct according to the latest scientific findings, the museum has a unique location in the area of the city's origin.
The Beginenturm integrated into the museum is the last completely preserved tower of the medieval fortifications of Hannover. The museum building also incorporates a high stone wall of the ducal Zeughaus am Hohen Ufer , built between 1643 and 1649. The wall facing the Hohes Ufer is a section of the city wall. In 2013, when significant medieval finds were discovered in the area during construction work on a neighbouring plot, it led to a three-months archaeological investigation. Opposite of the museum is the historic old town of Hanover which was completely destroyed in World War II, with Burgstraße featuring numerous half-timbered houses reconstructed in the 1960s, as well as the restored Leibniz House on Holzmarkt.
The museum building was constructed as a new building from 1964 to 1967 according to the plans of the architect Dieter Oesterlen. The Beginenturm and the rest of the ducal arsenal were included on the site of a block of flats in the old town development destroyed in the war. The museum has a polygonal ground plan around a pentagonal inner courtyard. The striking façade has three storeys with alternating broad sandstone surfaces and narrow bands of windows and a staggered view from the northern Burgstrasse. In 1991 it was rebuilt and in 2002 the individual departments were redesigned. This concerned the department of regional history on the ground floor and a part of the city history on the first floor.
The text of the illuminated quotation by Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz on the Leibnizufer - a light installation by the American conceptual artist Joseph Kosuth – reads:
There is no desert, nothing infertile, nothing dead in the world, no chaos, no confusion, except an apparent one, something like what you would see in a pond if you saw a confused movement and a swarm of fish from some distance, without distinguishing the fish themselves— Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
The museum is divided in four departments:
The museum is one of the largest photo archives in Germany: it already holds around 1,000,000 historical photographs for consultation and the acquisition of reproductions. According to photo heritage, the museum has a stock of more than 5.000.000 photos.
The politician and banker August Bassedonated the so-called Finkam Collection of Orders and decorations to the Vaterländisches Museum.
Some vintage vehicles are on display in the museum, such as a Hawa 40 Volt Elektro-Kleinwagenfrom the Hannoversche Waggonfabrik.
From 1928 to 1945, Wilhelm Peßlerwas director of the Vaterländisches Museum in Hanover. Waldemar R. Röhrbein was director from 1976 to 1997, succeeded by Thomas Schwark .